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Social Darwinism in the Gilded Age (article) | Khan Academy

Write essay social darwinism

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brief essays nature When Frederick Jackson Turner announced in 1893 that the American character did not spring full-blown from the Mayflower, but that it came out of the forests and gained new strength each time it touched a frontier, his speech punctuated nearly three centuries of examinations into the American wilderness. 1 From Jamestown and Plymouth Plantation to the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and the subsequent expedition of Lewis and Clark, to Turner's Frontier Thesis at the Columbian Exposition of 1893, the geography and ecology of the American continent was the center of debate among Americans. Essay Social? Two primary views of the wilderness were contested: the wilderness either contained savagery and temptation which threatened the authority of the community or it represented a new Garden which could flourish with the proper cultivation by the European settlers. Although these contrasting views of the wilderness shared the goal of establishing a civilization by removing the obstacles presented by the natural environment, the state of wilderness that originally characterized the young nation eventually became the source of essay, national pride and identity for America. In an essay entitled The Cultural Significance of the American Wilderness, Roderick Nash notes that early settlers in the New World were not Americans at all, but transplanted Europeans who regarded the write essay social, land as a spiritual and physical void which had to conquered and quotes civilized in the name of Christianity and progress. 2 Because it was an unknown entity with bizarre animals, unusual topography, and strange indigenous inhabitants, the write essay, wilderness represented a place where community and consensus would be put in peril by the total absence of European law, religion, and civilization. Early New England literature, art, and folklore presents the wilderness as the day essay 2012, place where reason succumbs to passion and the devil can seduce and corrupt even the holiest in essay the community. In other early colonies, particularly Pennsylvania and Virginia, the wilderness represented the Garden--a place to be tamed and cleared for the establishment of a human community. In this outlook, however, the land supplied the raw materials for building a society, and nature was to be used, not feared. Despite the different outlooks, the nyu anthropology dissertations, goal was the same: to destroy the savage wilderness and make it bloom with European civilization.

In this Thomas Cole painting of 1836 entitled The Oxbow (The Connecticut River near Northampton) , the tension between wilderness and garden, savagery and civilization, is essay darwinism recorded visually as European conventions of landscape painting are employed to comment on the state of the physical place of America. The savagery of the write essay, storm clouds over the wilderness retreats from the advancing cultivated landscape of civilization. And, as Cole scholar William Cronon has suggested,in the lazy turn of the great oxbow--echoed by the circling birds at the edge of the storm-- we can make out the shape of nyu anthropology dissertations, a question mark: where is all this headed? The concerns expressed in Cole's painting reflected the debate among Americans. Would the wilderness disappear completely for write the sake of civilization, or would the quotes, two exist in perpetual tension with one another? During the Lewis and Clark expedition in the Jeffersonian era, the primary goal of wilderness investigation was to take inventory of the garden and complete a taxonomy of the American continent.

Jefferson's interest in taxonomy was supported in Pennsylvania by the Philosophical Society of Benjamin Franklin, a group of scientists that included anthropologist Charles Wilson Peale, botanist Benjamin Rush, and write essay social chemist/physicist Joseph Priestley. Jefferson and the men of this society often compared notes and shared the results of individual experiments to assess and quantify the land and its contents. Although these men displayed a genuine curiosity about their environment, they were eager to discover what resources of economic value lay in essay about quotes the land for their use in building a civilized society. Northern strides toward industry and technology led by Franklin, and Southern emphasis on the idealized agrarian society of essay social darwinism, gentlemen's farms espoused by Jefferson shared a desire to application essay, tame and write social darwinism contain the wilderness by imposing upon it a constructed landscape of human civility and divine order. The wilderness exploration of state application, Jefferson's time suggested that America's success as a nation was tied to the cultivation of the essay social darwinism, wilderness.

America could have a rural character, but not a wild one. To achieve our manifest destiny, Americans had to create a pastoral middle landscape of rolling hills and prosperous farms, much like the essay quotes, terrain of Cole's painting. Changing Perceptions of Nature and the Rise of the social darwinism, Sublime. By the middle of the Nineteenth century, cities and towns were blooming across the east and the midwest, and nyu anthropology dissertations people were looking for ways to ease the toil of cultivating and write harvesting the American garden. Robert Fulton's steamboat, first launched in 1807, and the development of Eastern railways represented the first intrusions of what Leo Marx would call the machine in the garden. With these early stirrings of the industrial age to come, Americans began to examine their relationship to the land around them. The birth of the Hudson River school of American painting, signalled by George Innes's The Lackawanna Valley , married wilderness with civilization in illinois state university application harmonious depictions of pastoral rural towns gleaming with the prosperity brought to write essay, them by the broad-based economy of both agriculture and technology. Authors such as Washington Irving and James Fennimore Cooper turned to the still-wild woods of upstate New York as settings for their stories and inspiration for their frontier-minded characters. Quotes? Neither group was particularly critical of their changing relationship to nature, but the advent of technology now meant that civilization had gained considerable advantage in the continuing struggle between the garden and the wilderness.

The more penetrating of these examinations into the changing landscape emerged during the 1850's and 1860's in the writings of write, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau during the thesis statement middle, early era of the American Renaissance, which was influenced in part by write essay British Romanticism. Nature was once again a subject for American art and letters, but the perceptions of it had shifted to reflect the new American concern with the changes in day essay the landscape. Rather than presenting nature as an write darwinism obstacle to the establishment of a civilization, American authors and painters alike upheld nature as the source of the animating spirit behind the American character. Although America did not have the thesis, ruins of a classical civilization or an write essay darwinism intellectual heritage comparable to Europe's, it did have a wilderness more primeval than anywhere in nyu anthropology dissertations Europe, or at least it did for a while. A few voices of dissent expressed concern over the ways growth and progress ravaged the write essay social darwinism, landscape, and many were disturbed by the imposition of the smoke and noise from the railroad. As the trains and factories of thesis statement handout middle school, technology spread and the attitudes toward nature shifted to consider the Romanticist viewpoints, the once pastoral promises of the Hudson River paintings were invoked with wry irony. Andrew Melrose expressed the disadvantages of technology in his painting Westward the Star of Empire Takes Its Way--near Council Bluffs, Iowa . Although the write social darwinism, painting was commissioned to commemorate the arrival of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad at the Missouri River, this painting shows that the price of progress is paid by the environment. The desire to impose order on the land in order to build a nation was leading to the destruction of our national wilderness.

The Romantics approached the subject from a different perspective. Romanticism set up opposition to the Neoclassic insistence on state application order and hierarchy by championing individual freedom through man's relationship to nature. The Romantics believed that nature was the inherent possessor of abstract qualities such as truth, beauty, indepence and democracy. In the natural world, people could reclaim or at least approximate the lost innocence of their origins--both individual and national. The image of America as a garden could apply to essay, the Romantic perspective of nature, but the gridwork of civilization had to business plan, be stripped from the landscape. The original state of American wilderness--as well as areas of the write essay, country yet undeveloped gave America a valid claim to a possession now desirable in European thought. Wild nature thus became a source of national pride as the root of character traits for a unique national identity. This embrace of wilderness released at last a true native creativity in the American mind.

No longer bound by classical notions of art and illinois state university application literature in Europe, many American artists and authors disregarded European traditions and began to write essay darwinism, explore the natural world of father's day essay 2012, America for its possibilities of new subject matter. Write Darwinism? Romanticism in painting drew its inspiration in part from American neoclassicism, a genre which relied on European landscape iconography to paint the American continent as a mythological land. Through landscape painting, artists wrote a creation myth for America that focused on the primacy of the white settlers. These paintings feature European explorers on thesis handout middle school horseback, arriving in their promised land to find noble savages and unspoiled wilderness. Artists of write darwinism, this genre granted a privileged role for an American elite and enobled the white discovery and settlement of the wilderness by evoking images of classical painting. These two images by Albert Bierstadt which hang in the Capitol exemplify this style of painting through their representations of the white explorers and the native tribes. Contest 2012? Although both paintings borrow heavily from the grandiose iconography of essay darwinism, European istoria painting, the background of wilderness is purely American. Thesis Handout? Bierstadt departs from traditions by placing a mythological tale of civilization in the context of the American wilderness--a transition which would inspire later Romantic painting.

American Romantics also drew their inspiration from painter John Turner and authors such as William Wordsworth, each of whom involved the spectator or reader as a participant in the dynamic experience of nature instead of maintaining an objective distance to the natural world in their portrayals. Nature was perceived as divine and sublime in literature, art, and nature writing. Essay Social Darwinism? Cliffs were described as castles, trees and mountain peaks evoked the structure of spires, and the rolling plains metamorphosed into mythic oceans of grass. Europe was littered with the wrecks of man, but America was blessed with the undiminished majesties of God. This emphasis on the sublimity of nature by itself encouraged dramatic innovations in American landscape painting, when artists would travel across the Mississippi to paint the landscapes that impressed them in the West. Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Church, and Thomas Moran jointly founded a school of American art which freed itself of European conventions by painting the rough beauty and dissertations uniqueness of wilderness for its own sake. These landscapes experiment with new subject matter and brush techniques, but the focus of the scene still speaks to the white heritage. These scenes illustrate the write social darwinism, notion of uninhabited, virgin wilderness, seen for the first time by European explorers and American pioneers alike. The emphasis is on the experience of wilderness, and these painters show that this experience is one in which anyone--specifically any white man--can participate. This painting of thesis, Niagara Falls by Regis Gignoux hangs in the U.S.

Capitol and write social darwinism illustrates the experience of the common man in a sublime natural setting, a change in subject matter which marks a critical point in the changing perceptions of the American wilderness. Representations of sublime nature expressed for Americans the roots of their national character. Not only did the Edenic portrayal of America give it the status of a promised land, but also turned into a country where true equality--among the European setters at least--could prevail, and freedom could exist in as pure a form as ever existed in essay Europe. Peggy Wayburn of the University of California states that the wilderness of the continent made obsolete and alien the old ideas of rank, caste, and inherited aristocracy. common man could become uncommon man. 3 The explorers in social paintings such as Regis Gignoux's or Thomas Moran's were common men, not aristocrats or European dignitaries; they had embarked on journeys westward and were driven by thesis environmental science a taste for adventure and a curiosity about the land, but also by the need to survive alone in the wilderness. As Turner would argue in his thesis, the write essay darwinism, obstacles presented by the wilderness fostered the beloved American traits of independence, ingenuity, pragmatism, and resourcefulness, and essay quotes the existence of a rolling frontier line which was constantly redrawn and redefined both geographically and politically at each stage of social darwinism, western expansion continually reaffirmed national faith in democracy and equality. Nature's Bounty and American Economic Prosperity.

The wilderness gave birth to science, the American identity and reinforced its validity throughout the Nineteenth century, but its cache of natural resources also made the country rich. By the time Turner delivered his speech that romanticized the frontier in the American consciousness, the country had already moved into the Industrial era. Powerful businessmen throughout the country amassed overwhelming fortunes by exploiting the resources of the write essay, land. Eastern cities sprawled in every direction as the boom of industry attracted rural citizens and immigrants alike with the promise of employment and prosperity. New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Chicago were on thesis a collision course with the Twentieth century as crime, poverty, disease, and pollution plagued their streets. The vast lands of the west shimmered with that old Edenic promise of pre-industrial days, and the west itself became an industry. Dime novels, Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, and the newly established National Park System capitalized on the urban fatigue and discretionary income of wealthy easterners.

In advertisements, artists' sketches, and photographs from the west, sublime portrayals of write social darwinism, nature solicited the money of people in application essay the east. The west reaffirmed the existence of the American identity and promised that it was still as robust as ever. In painting, Romantic art returned to essay darwinism, the idealized landscape, but not the landscapes of classical civilizations. Essay? Instead, painters like Bierstadt, Church, and Moran used their keen observations of the West to transform it into the promised land of essay social darwinism, America. Bierstadt's paintings of the Rockies or Moran's portrayals of the geological wonders of the west depict the American landscape in primeval majesty which transports the environmental, spectator to a virgin land of write essay, nearly prehistoric character. Handout School? Almost every landscape painting done by these artists is devoid of any sign of write essay, human civilization, European or other, and business plan instead focuses exclusively on the supremacy of the landscape. To the artists, the idealization of nature was merely technique; they wished to convey the impressions of the wilderness they saw. But for eastern audiences which had never seen such places, these paintings were supposed to darwinism, be documentaries which accurately reflected the land as it appeared before the human eye. The disjunction between the two perceptions of nature in thesis statement handout art created confusion which turned the mythology of the American wilderness into the mythology of the West. Since wilderness had earned its place in American consciousness as both the source of our national identity and the guarantor of American prosperity, the impressive scenes of Bierstadt and Moran illustrated that the West was America. As long as we had the wild land of the West, America was assured of continued success and a secure national identity.

Between the write darwinism, prosperity of the east and the wilderness of the west, Americans felt that they had at last combined within their culture the very best of nature and civilization. Nonetheless, the contrasting views of nature are troubling. On one hand, the wilderness is the font of national traits and the foundation of a national identity; on the other, the exploitation and depletion of the wilderness helped build cities and make millionaires. America maintained this complex relationship with nature well into the Twentieth century. The art in the United States Capitol tells this same story about nature's importance in our nation.

The Capitol contains both the idealized landscapes of early American painting as well as the Romantic images of late-Nineteenth century painting. The first congressional acquisitions of landscape painting for the Capitol were the illinois university essay, powerful images of the American west done by painter Thomas Moran. Moran had accompanied two geological surveys to write social darwinism, the West and provided visual images of the unbelievable descriptions that surveyors and travellers alike were reporting in letters to the east. The allocation of $10,000 for Moran's first painting, The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, suggested the importance of both the idea and the land of the university, west and also served as a federal endorsement of wilderness as the wellspring of American nationalism. Other paintings would follow Moran's, but the pioneering work of this artist carries with it the write social, complex history of America's relationship to its environment during the late Nineteenth century--suggesting that more than sublime Nature alone is enshrined in the Capitol building.

The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, Thomas Moran, 7' X 12'(detail) Purchased 1872; moved to plan, the Department of the Interior 1950.

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Social Darwinism in the Gilded Age (article) | Khan Academy

Learning in Classroom Essay Sample. This paper will discuss and evaluate classroom learning strategies and methodologies. The paper would elaborate experiences and modalities of social, various educationists and academicians in a pedagogical set up. About Quotes. It would also transpire how these renowned educational philosophers and legends acquire the best results from their empirical studies reflected in their practical approach. My own experiences would also be included to give the study a subjective touch. Disruptive behaviour during class was addressed through implicit teacher acts such as pausing class instruction and making eye contact or moving in closer proximity to write social darwinism, the disruptive student. These preliminary classroom management strategies curtailed the inappropriate behaviour and formal school behaviour management policies were not needed.

The observed classrooms clearly achieved both the quotes teacher’s and write, learners’ objectives, for information to be interesting and therefore engaged with by students. The question to state, be investigated within this research report is how was such a successful classroom established? Are there any theories or researches that suggest how the classroom environment may better support learners? The goal of social darwinism, a classroom management plan is to develop students’ respect for each other and create a controlled learning environment. Time management and organization of the classroom are major themes in establishing a well behaved classroom. Monitoring is a preventive tool used to quickly deal with problem before they escalate. When a problem arises, working with the illinois state university application student to essay social, correct a situation maintains respect and a positive classroom atmosphere.

Classroom management is an aid to business plan, provide an open, respectful, and write essay social, equal learning experience for business plan, every student. Rationale of the study. Beaconhouse School System (BSS) emphasises imparting quality education. In Pakistani set up, it has been observed that most of the parents are still illiterate. They themselves don’t know how to grapple with the essay social darwinism gigantic issue of their children’s comprehension and illinois state application essay, learning management.

Students are the future of write essay social darwinism, Pakistan and essay, key to prospective progress and development. BSS offers maximum opportunity to all its students to write social, cope with the issue of essay, learning management. Write Darwinism. Teachers are the focal point in this respect. This study would highlight as how to reduce the difficulty level of this problem. When dealing with classroom management it is important to consider the level and type of education being taught. Middle school student behave differently than high school students, and gifted students behave differently than “exceptional” students. For many teachers, misbehaviour is the most difficult problem to nyu anthropology, deal with.

It disrupts their lesson plans along with other students’ learning. In The Synergetic Classroom, C. M. Charles explains some reasons why students misbehave in the classroom. Some students like to see how far they can push and what they can get away with. Others like to mimic each other, especially when it involves disapproved behaviour. Most students crave attention and if necessary, they will misbehave to get it.

Few students are egocentric and believe anything they do is all right, including retaliation when they don’t get their way. All these behaviours can be eliminated, modified, or avoided in the classroom. Avoiding, or preventing these disruptions is the write social darwinism primary goal in classroom management. To set the stage, there are several aspects of essay about quotes, classroom management that reduce the chances of misbehaviour. In her book, The Caring Teacher’s Guide to essay darwinism, Discipline, Marilyn Gootman explains a model of organization to avoid discipline hassles. By organizing space and scheduling time, students will know where things belong and what to do. She explains if students know where things belong, they will put them there. When they know what to thesis handout school, do, they are more likely to do it. By developing a daily routine, the students get to reinforce the appropriate behaviour on a daily basis. Classroom meetings can set the stage for cooperative learning and discuss classroom policies. The rules and policies should be laid out by the teacher at the beginning.

If the students are mature enough, this process may be democratic. The rules, policies, and consequences of breaking them should then be understood and write essay darwinism, agreed upon by entire class. Part of the preventive management phase is maintaining the appropriate behaviour. Now that the dissertations grounds are set for a well-behaved and productive classroom, the teacher must monitor and maintain appropriate classroom activity. Write Essay Darwinism. Edmund Emmer explains in Classroom Management for Secondary Teachers, to be an effective monitor of classroom behaviour, you must know what to father's, look for. He explains the two main things to write essay, look for state university essay, are; the students’ involvements in learning activities, and the students’ compliances with the classroom rules and procedures.

I believe a major tool in maintaining a cooperative classroom is to provide positive reinforcement when students display appropriate behaviour. This may come in the form of praise or rewards. This is psychological method is write essay social known as “shaping.” This provides a positive learning environment where the thesis statement handout school teacher works with, rather than against, the students’ nature. When misbehaviour does become a disruption to the class, then it must be dealt with quickly and consistently. Darwinism. Several method of discipline exists, from old-fashioned methods of science, intimidation and write, punishment to more modern “softer” approaches. In his essay, The Classroom Management Plan, Dave Wiggins explains the steps in dealing with misbehaviour respectfully in a secondary classroom environment.

The first step would be to thesis statement handout, use non-verbal communication, such as facial gestures to the misbehaving student, to prevent further escalation of the problem. If the student’s attention is not received, then a verbal reminder of the rules and write essay darwinism, policies may be all that is thesis environmental science needed to stop the misbehaviour. Wiggins explains when dealing with attention-seeking students, it is social best if the teacher can redirect the student’s behaviour, and attempt to give the student attention when he is environmental not demanding it. This method encourages students to seek motivation from within, instead of essay, depending on attention from about, without. He warns if a teacher ignores an write social attention-seeking student, the about quotes misbehaviour usually escalates to a level which eventually cannot be ignored. As with any punishment method, it is essay darwinism important that the consequences be applied consistently. When all else fails, the student should be removed from the classroom and dealt with unconventionally. The term management is often associated with the supervision and control of dissertations, others, usually within context of the business world (Dinsmore, 2003, p.6). This association is essay also evident within education, whereby classroom management is day essay contest commonly associated with the control and write essay, regulation of students within the day essay contest classroom (Porter, 2000, p.3).

Clearly this definition of social darwinism, classroom management is flawed as it only considers the management of student behaviour, not the causes of such behaviour, teaching strategies used or the physical environment in which learning occurs. Krause, Bochner and Duchesne (2003) define classroom management as “the planning, organisation and thesis, control of learners, the learning process and the classroom environment to create and maintain an effective learning experience” (p. 374). This definition incorporates not only student behaviour but the context in which this behaviour occurs, including the teaching strategies used, classroom activities, physical space and atmosphere of the classroom and participants’ attitudes (Krause et al. 2003, p.374). Classroom management may also incorporate the teacher’s beliefs and values, the physical environment of the classroom, the amount of teacher preparation and write essay social darwinism, the ways in which the lesson is presented (Dinmore, 2003, p.6). Dinmore’s (2003) definition of classroom management is father's contest similar to Krause et al., however emphasising more implicit planning such as teacher preparation, underlying beliefs and values held and class atmosphere. These factors would consequently set the framework for the types of teacher instruction and class activities able to occur, laying the groundwork for the planning and darwinism, control of learners described by Krause et al. To effectively manage a classroom, a teacher must incorporate teaching strategies and behaviour management approaches along with additional environmental strategies to create a supportive learning environment.

Depending on the beliefs and values of the teacher, how the classroom is managed can exist within a spectrum of models given by Krause et al. (2003), ranging from high teacher responsibility and structure to low teacher intervention and high student autonomy and responsibility (pp. 381-390). Wolfgang (as cited in Krause et al, 2003) termed the degrees of nyu anthropology, teacher-student authority as ‘interventionist’, ‘interactive’ and social darwinism, ‘non-interventionist’ to display a spectrum of classroom management models with the emphasis on contest 2012, types of behaviour management and student responsibility (p. 381). The interventionist teacher exercises a high amount of write essay darwinism, control over student behaviour and classroom structure as development is thesis middle school seen as an outcome of external factors (Krause et al. 2003, p.282). This theory incorporates responsibility training utilising an incentive system to promote appropriate behaviours, high levels of body language and teacher proximity (Krause et al.

2003, pp.282-283). Dinsmore (2003) clearly agrees with the interventionist model of classroom management. Her research findings concluded that seventy-six percent of the students responded yes when asked if they were more likely to be on-task during direct instruction if the teacher was in close proximity (p.13). From this she concluded, “This would seem to support providing whole class instruction in a community circle setting because the students are closer to the teacher” (Dinsmore, 2003, p.13). The interventionist approach to classroom management however does not accommodate all requirements of the Professional Standards for Teachers (2003). These standards state teachers are obligated to implement classroom management strategies that enable students to write social, learn to take responsibility for their own behaviour. This approach to classroom management is nyu anthropology inefficient in write teaching students to become responsible for their own actions by attributing control and consequences to the teacher. Dinsmore may have alternatively concluded that students where more on task when instructed in a community circle due to the close relationship with their peers if she had observed an interactive model of thesis environmental science, classroom management.

The interactive teacher believes in a high degree of student autonomy and responsibility for students’ actions as their development is a product of write essay social darwinism, interaction between internal and external factors (Krause et al. 2003, p.384). Unlike the interventionist, this approach attempts to understand student behaviour and attribute responsibility to the student for consequences. Nyu Anthropology. (Krause et al. Social. 2003, p.385). State Application Essay. Norris (2003) presents an write essay darwinism interactive approach to classroom management, emphasising that social and emotional learning teaches students valuable self-regulatory and social skills, effectively reducing negative peer relations and father's 2012, improving learning by increased academic achievement (p. 313). An important point Norris (2003) makes about this approach to classroom management is its suitability to the diverse classroom (p. 318). As the interactive model of management depicts development as occurring through interaction between internal and external factors, a sense of belonging is created by positive peer relations, irrespective of cultural background (p.318). An unknown author, (The Teaching Professor, 2004) also recommends an interactive approach to classroom management, advising that warm and interpersonally sensitive communication, a shared course framework and the establishment of learning communities all prevent classroom disruptions that hinder effective learning (p.6).

According to Krause et al (2003), Dreikurs and Balson argued that children have a basic need to belong, and in order to achieve this, human behaviour is directed towards achieving social recognition. Similarly, students disrupt classes less when they know and care about other students in the class. Faculty regularly underestimate the social power of peer pressure. Similarly, the Non-interventionist teacher believes development will occur naturally, enabling the teacher to become a facilitator, helping students to become more responsible for their own behaviour (Krause et al. 2003, pp.387-289). Boekaerts’ (2002) work on self-regulated learning seems to emulate this model of classroom management, arguing “Students strive to obtain, retain, foster and protect the goals they value. Personal goals are part of their theory of self, and a key to our understanding of their adaptation system” (pp. 595-596) Boekaerts (2002) also refers to more traditional forms of thesis statement handout, classroom management as described in the interventionist model where “students are cognitively, emotionally and socially dependent on their teachers to write, formulate the learning goals” (p.594). The non-interventionist model, as detailed by Wolfgang, works on student self-regulation and consequently emphasises student responsibility for learning and the role of the teacher to facilitate and environmental science, model appropriate behaviours and techniques. Theoretical Approaches towards Classroom Management.

Theoretical approaches to classroom management describing the write darwinism balance of power between student and teacher are not the contest only variables to be analysed when managing a learning environment. Dinsmore (2004) investigates how the overall atmosphere of the classroom affects student behaviour, “there is a significant correlation between on-task behaviour and a comfortable atmosphere. Eighty-one percent of students surveyed indicated that they are more likely to be on-task if the classroom has an inviting and write darwinism, comfortable atmosphere” (p.21). Contest 2012. Although Dinsmore (2004) utilised plants, soft lighting and soft music (pp. Essay. 14-19) within her study, Killen (2003) recommends that decorating the space with posters, students’ work or models creates a visually stimulating learning environment and creates a sense of pride amongst students involved in decorating the state application essay classroom (p.7). Killen (2003) also proposes the essay darwinism role of music in creating a safe, comfortable and supportive environment (p.7).

Educational Investigation and statement school, Academic Reflection. A supportive school environment is one which aims to maximise the educational opportunities and outcomes for all students. Write Darwinism. According to Student Management Policy within this manual, supportive school learning environments are to illinois state application, be implemented to provide an environment that is characterised by non-violent, non-coercive and write essay social darwinism, non-discriminatory practices and father's day essay contest 2012, quality interpersonal relationships, leadership, organisation, physical environments and teaching and learning strategies. Write Essay. It must be required that all schools should implement fair and equitable classroom management strategies that maximise student development, both cognitively and socially. Teachers should create safe learning environments that are based on mutual trust and respect and that provide social support for student achievement. About. The aim and darwinism, objective should be to provide learning environments in which students have responsibility for their own learning and, implement classroom management strategies that enable students to learn to take responsibility for their own behaviour. A safe and write essay social darwinism, supportive learning environment must be established for all learners and that classroom management practices must allow students to take responsibility for their behaviour. The core of classroom management can therefore be seen to incorporate the nyu anthropology dissertations planning, organisation and control of learners, the learning process and the classroom environment to create and maintain an effective learning experience as stated by Krause et al. (2003, p.374).

A thorough classroom management approach must be developed as stipulated by write social, the Professional Standards for Teachers, and should investigate modes of classroom management in terms of student autonomy and attention to the physical and intangible qualities of the general learning environment to ensure learners are actively engaged. Consequently, if a classroom is effectively managed, learning outcomes are maximised. Theories and research of classroom management reviewed above were evident within the observed classroom. Wolfgang (as cited in Krause et al. 2003) describes the continuum of models utilised within classroom management, ranging from the high teacher control interventionist to the socially constructed interactive classroom management, and finally the non-interventionist model of high student responsibility (p.282). Within practice, the boundaries between these approaches are highly fluid, with classroom management practices observed from both interventionist and interactive models, but with little evidence of the non-interventionist approach being used. Interventionist techniques such as teacher proximity were observed in the classroom, and the physical space of furniture was arranged in business plan an ‘L’ shape to write, enable increased teacher mobility. As regards to this with the findings of Dinsmore (2003) where student on middle school, task behaviour was positively correlated to the closeness of the teacher (p. 13). However, not all classroom management techniques demonstrated the same degree of intervention.

Like the interactive model (Krause et al., 2003), the observed teacher investigated the causes of disruptive or disengaging behaviour in social darwinism a sensitive and caring manner in private, while at the same time attributing personal responsibility to a student’s actions. Dissertations. Positive peer relationships were also encouraged within the write social darwinism observed classroom, positively affecting the overall tone of the statement handout school classroom environment, allowing maximum learning to occur. This emulates Norris’ (2003) findings that social and emotional learning helps establish a positive classroom atmosphere, with all students feeling respected and valued (pp. 313-314). The movement between the interventionist and interaction strategies could also be explained by the development stage of the students. Due to their age and essay social, relative maturity in the ninth grade, implementing the non-interventionist approach may not have maximised learning, as students at this stage, may still require much support to quotes, be fully self-regulating in their behaviour, although this may be within their zone of proximal development if appropriate scaffolding is provided (Krause et al., 2003, pp.63-65). The classroom atmosphere was also observed and appeared to be a large factor in the classroom management strategy. Much in line with the write essay darwinism findings of Dinsmore (2004) and Killen (2003), student work was displayed on the walls of the room creating an intimate atmosphere for learning. Natural lighting and a high degree of natural airflow existed within the classroom, with floor to ceiling windows.

This created a positive atmosphere, encouraging students to engage in classroom activities through aesthetically pleasing surroundings. As stated previously, students within the observed classroom presented little inappropriate behaviour and enjoyed the learning experiences conducted within the classroom environment. In addition to the above approaches used, the nyu anthropology teacher observed also organised classroom management according to the requirements of the Queensland Department of Education policies and professional teacher’s standards. The environment was safe and equitable to all learners and encouraged positive social development amongst peers and teacher through mutual respect for each individual’s right to write social, learn. This was also established through the high teacher-student connectedness that occurred in private meetings outside class time to middle school, overcome a specific learning or behavioural issue. Teaching strategies used enhanced student responsibility to choose their actions and supported learning by relating subject material to write essay social, real life experiences of students. This teaching strategy encouraged student engagement and interest in nyu anthropology dissertations the topic, whilst simultaneously demonstrating the expectations of social darwinism, appropriate and respectful behaviour. Classroom management observed was seen to address the educational applications of a supportive learning environment as required by Education Queensland. Best practice could perhaps further incorporate group work into learning experiences, as per the interaction modal of classroom management. This would increase student’s social development and build valuable team work skills needed in society. Classroom management is therefore a complex issue, requiring a firm knowledge of behavioural management issues, teaching strategies and how learning is best constructed.

The physical environment must also be utilised to maximise student comfort. The level of about, student autonomy and responsibility must also be considered in addition to write essay, educational outcomes required to be developed other than curriculum comprehension. The appropriate level of management should than be implemented to ensure a safe, supportive and equitable learning environment, which maximises learning through student engagement and participation. Behaviour management refers to the actions and business plan, strategies of teachers to prevent and darwinism, respond to inappropriate behaviour of students as well as to enhance self discipline among students. (Walker, J.E. and Shea, T.M, 1999 pg7) Inappropriate behaviour in classrooms may refer to plan, students ‘fighting, swearing, disrupting class activities for write essay social, no reason, displaying loud and disorderly conduct and inept or misuse of dissertations, equipment.’ (Walker, J.E. and Shea, T.M, 1999 pg 10) This kind of negative behaviour can cause distress, chaos and disruptions in learning especially for those who are keen to enjoy the learning. (Walker, J.E. and Shea, T.M, 1999 pg 10) Hence, it is essay darwinism fundamental that teachers develop an appropriate framework to manage the student’s behaviour. This is as the way in which behaviour is managed by teachers has a major influence on how the students will behave in the future. According to research, being able to successfully manage the behaviour of students in the early years ensures good academic learning to occur as there is a relationship between intellectual outcomes and behaviour. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 108) There are three reasons for this. The first is that a student who is responsible would adhere to certain student requirements such as paying attention and completing work on time. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 108)

These are qualities fundamental to great academic achievement. Secondly, students who behave well will develop positive interactions with teachers and their peers. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 108) Having a good relationship with the teacher will enhance a student’s learning process as teachers seem to give less attention to students who misbehave.( McInerney, D, 1998 pg 108) Furthermore, a strong rapport among peers, especially peers who value education augments students’ motivation to achieve. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 108) Thirdly, students who are motivated to behave in an appropriate and socially responsible manner will be motivated to engage well in their academic work. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 109) Instilling discipline and good learning skills in students is also essential. Father's Contest. These lifelong skills which when imbibed at an early age will help the students to become good citizens in the future who will be disciplined in their working and adult life. Furthermore, having effective behaviour management strategies in place will result in write essay darwinism a classroom environment that is conducive to learning and development as well as result in students understanding and developing appropriate behaviour. Hence, teachers need to be aware of a range of strategies and skills for responding to students’ inappropriate behaviour and managing their behaviour in the classroom. Firstly, teachers need to realise the cause of misbehaviour among the students in the classroom.

There may be a few reasons as to why misbehaviour may occur. Misbehaviour and discipline problems tend to thesis statement, occur when students are not engaged in activities that are absorbing or interesting.( McInerney, D, 1998 pg 112) Students may also find tasks given to them either too hard or too easy hence not allowing them to achieve success. All this may lead to attention seeking through disruptive behaviour. Aside from poor quality teaching, students may have social and emotional problems such as inconsistent parenting, poverty, emotional or physical abuse, poor self esteem which could also lead to misbehaviour in classroom. . (Walker, J.E. and Shea, T.M, 1999 pg25) Other factors may include students’ rebelliousness or students not liking or being comfortable with their classmates. . (Walker, J.E. and Shea, T.M, 1999 pg25) According to Dreikurs, misbehaviour among students is usually a need for recognition and attention. Write. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 125) As there are such varied causes for misbehaviour, it is vital that teachers analyse the causes of the behaviour of their students so as to provide them with helpful strategies and support to improve their behaviour. This analysis should be done by having a positive and interactive relationship with the students. (Charles, C, 1996, pg 206) Teachers should also provide personal attention towards all students to acknowledge and encourage their efforts. (Charles, C, 1996, pg 207) Teachers should also create a sense of togetherness in about quotes the classroom so that students feel at ease with one another and darwinism, the teacher.

Communication regularly and clearly with parents of students is also extremely essential to bring in thesis science parental support into the classroom. (Charles, C, 1996, pg 208) In this way, an atmosphere that is supportive, pleasant, encouraging and boosting self confidence as well as being non-threatening will be created. This positive atmosphere will allow teachers to better understand their students as well as the causes of their misbehaviour thus helping the teachers to implement fitting consequences and strategies in managing their behaviour. Apart from understanding the root cause of the write darwinism student’s misbehaviour, teachers should also develop a framework of rules, routines and consequences from the onset of the year. The rules should be fair and essay about, equal towards all the students. Teachers should teach the students rules by demonstrating them clearly with concise explanations and role modelling suitable behaviour. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 110) This behaviour should then be practised and positive feedback should be given to students when they practice it. . (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 110) These rules should be guidelines of appropriate behaviour that the social teacher expects whilst in the classroom and essay, usually depends on the individual teacher.

Examples of rules in the classroom could include “sitting quietly and listening intently when the teacher is talking” or “participating in a group discussion in an apt manner by write essay, contributing well and not fighting or speaking rudely to one another”. Teachers should intervene immediately if they notice misbehaviour in the classroom that is against day essay, the guidelines established occurring. This technique is “withitness” whereby the teachers are always aware of what is going on in the classroom. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 215) This will allow the misbehaviour to be corrected immediately and teachers could decide based on their guidelines if they want to warn the student or provide the student with a consequence. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 215) Consequences should also be applied with equality to all students and in a calm manner so that students realise that they were misbehaving and understand that their misbehaviour is against the guidelines established. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 115) A teacher should be firm but fair. Moreover, a good technique to follow if a student has broken a rule is to help a student evaluate his/her misbehaviour and to provide support to essay darwinism, help the dissertations student improve upon their behaviour. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 122) An example of this is to essay social, confront a student who has misbehaved by asking him/her to explain their misbehaviour to nyu anthropology dissertations, bring out the cause of the misbehaviour. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 122) After finding out the cause, the teacher should establish with the student if his/her misbehaviour is against the rules established in the classroom. If so, teachers should encourage the student to find an essay alternative of their behaviour or to suggest a consequence that is fair to the student. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 122) This process will enable the day essay 2012 students to understand where and why they went wrong.

This technique is called “reality therapy” and is recommended by Glasser. (McInerney, D, 1998 pg 122) This is write essay darwinism a practical approach that enables a student to realise their misbehaviour immediately as well as provide them with alternatives of misbehaviour to handling a similar situation. Plan. Teachers should be continuously involved in the process of darwinism, helping students correct their misbehaviour so that they are aware of the misbehaviour and so that discipline is instilled in them. The Canter model of assertively taking charge is essay about based off of essay social darwinism, observing not only classroom management skills of teachers, but also how students react to those teachers using different techniques. Environmental Science. Assertive Discipline is darwinism a direct and positive approach making it possible for the teacher to statement handout, teach and the students to write darwinism, learn. Contest 2012. It is based off of these principles” (Canter 1993)

Teachers should insist on responsible behaviour. When teachers fail, it is darwinism typically due to poor class control. They cannot teach and the kids are denied the opportunity to learn. Many teachers believe that firm control is stifling and inhumane. The needs and rights of students and teachers are met with a clear discipline plan that the teacher clearly states. This plan must be consistently applied and have fair consequences that look at the best interest of the child. When going with an business assertive discipline plan, a teacher must not only teach the expectations, but must also be persistent in stating goals and write essay darwinism, expectations. Canter believes that there are a few steps to assertive discipline. (Canter 1993) They are:

Recognize and remove roadblocks to assertive discipline. Practice the use of assertive response styles. Learn to set limits. Follow through on limits. Implement a system of positive assertions. By following these five steps, the students will not only respond better to the teacher, but the class will work together more uniformly and stress on the good or positives that are being done. B.F.

Skinner tends to agree with Canter’s ideas in that in order for middle school, the students to learn must feel that they are in a non-threatening environment. Skinner goes on the premise that it is in human nature to avoid situations that are adverse. So in other words, a person would tend to shy away from doing something that is write social darwinism wrong just because it is intrinsically wrong for them and they do not want to deal with the harsh consequences. While reading on father's 2012, Skinner, he also tends to believe that when someone is put into an unfavourable situation, they become aggressive and essay darwinism, defensive. (Noll 37) With this assertion, Skinner writes, “A person escapes from or avoids aversive treatment by behaving in day essay ways which reinforce those who treated him aversively until he did so”. Canter’s philosophy and Skinners are not far from each other in that both agree that student’s behaviour and write darwinism, learning is better when they are working in conditions that are comfortable and encouraging. Discipline, Learning and environmental, Class Management. Discipline is more than keeping a group of write social darwinism, children or young people quiet while being talked to. Contest 2012. Preserving good behaviour is certainly one aspect to discipline, for learning it in an atmosphere of confusion is difficult.

Children have to learn to conform to the rules of write, behaviour needed in a classroom. However, discipline should be described as ongoing, proactive set of behaviours used to create a cooperative environment, which minimizes the likelihood of plan, negative, disruptive behaviour. Teachers have the write essay right to ask for a quiet class, keep the students in their seats, and have the right to discipline them if they do not cooperate. In order for a teacher to have his or her needs met, they can influence the behaviour of the children. Until the past decade, students and parents looked at nyu anthropology, the teacher as the main person in the classroom. The teacher, simply because of their role status, had respect and authority. Today, a teacher has to earn the respect of both the students and their parents. A teacher’s basic techniques of influence, or discipline, is no longer as effective as getting the desired results.

The teacher cannot rely on the strong support of the parents anymore. Many parents are openly questioning, the essay social education that their children are receiving, and dissertations, do not feel they want to social darwinism, support the needs of their child’s teachers. Teachers cannot get their needs met in a classroom unless they have an effective method of discipline in which they thoroughly understand and comfortable utilize. Review of Own Practice. In my own student teaching experience, I have found that by paying attention to plan, the good, and essay, ignoring the thesis bad, works very well to an extent. This is where I have found Canter to be outstanding. In his books and workbooks he gives ideas that help get a teacher get on social darwinism, task as to what he/she should be doing to promote an assertive discipline atmosphere. I have noticed that Canter stresses how important it is for parents to be informed on what the classroom rules and procedures are and also encourages teachers to write home or phone home to tell them good things about their child. Canter also thinks that it is important to maintain logs and records of student’s behaviours and also gives many examples of good worksheets that help keep track of thesis, those behaviours. At the Middle School, I have to send out at least 6 postcards weekly to parents telling them of their son or daughters good attributes. By doing this, the parent starts to realize that the teacher is not an enemy rather a team member who recognizes and understands that all students, no matter how “bad,” have some good in social them.

I remember what a teacher taught me in illinois Plainfield, “For every one bad thing you say to a parent, you should have 3 positives to say as well.” Many times I have pondered the ideas of management and darwinism, control in the classroom and with there being so many things to think of, it seems to father's day essay 2012, me that the easiest way to deal with management is to create a skeleton plan, introduce it to the classes and then add on essay, and fill in the skeleton plan as your classes need it. Thesis Statement Handout Middle. With the experiences I have thus far, it seems that overwhelmingly positive reinforcement is the overriding theme in schools with regards to discipline codes, and with teachers and their rules. I believe that positive reinforcement helps the students to be independent and wise as to what they are expected to do, and also gives the proper attention to the students who are working well and doing what they are suppose to do. Planning is social darwinism essential to business, teaching well. Lesson planning is write essay social darwinism second nature to university application essay, teachers. Lesson plans are part of a professional routine, and are done almost automatically when the need arises. However, planning for essay social darwinism, discipline is an entirely different story. The majority of teachers has learned or has been exposed to the steps involved in planning discipline programs, especially those to nyu anthropology dissertations, be used specifically with disruptive students. Essay Darwinism. Because of teachers’ frustrations, all we often hear is thesis science their complaining about how difficult the students really are. Such complaining may help to relieve the essay social strain of dealing with difficult students, but it in no way helps to solve the problem.

Discipline planning will structure and guide classroom management efforts the same as lesson planning for academic efforts. Discipline plans are important and father's contest 2012, helpful to all teachers. Discipline planning is the systematic applications of the assertive principles the teacher exhibits. It involves focusing your attention on any existing or potential discipline problems you may have. These discipline problems may involve an individual student, or a group of students, or an entire class. Having good discipline enables the write essay social darwinism teacher to deal assertively with their students. He or she will know how to maximize their potential influence to get their needs met.

The assertive teacher recognizes the dissertations fact that he or she has wants and essay social, needs and has the right to get them met in the classroom. A teacher should be aware that a limit setting response must be delivered as effective a manner as possible. Eye contact is very important when trying to get a point made. Whenever necessary, the teacher plans how to back up their limit setting statement with appropriate consequences. This is done in order to maximize the influence that his or her response can have on the behaviour of the environmental child.

Whenever required, teachers should be prepared to back up their words with consequences in order to write darwinism, motivate the behaviour of more difficult children. He or she is aware some children need more support than others and is prepared to give that child as much as they can. The children learn to trust and respect an assertive teacher. Environmental. The children clearly know the parameters of acceptable and write essay social, unacceptable behaviour. Essay. This gives them an opportunity to darwinism, choose how they want to behave while knowing fully what the consequences will be for their behaviours. This does not mean that every child will like an assertive teacher, and does not mean that every child will behave. Business Plan. Some children may still decide not behave for any reason. All that an assertive teacher can do by his or her behaviour is try to establish an atmosphere where he or she maximizes the potential for a positive teacher – child relationship. The major area where being an assertive teacher helps a child is essay darwinism when the student has special needs or problems. This, when a teacher needs to essay about, step things up a notch and become more assertive.

Some teachers may lose track of their assertive potential, but they have to teach the child how to behave in the appropriate manner. One problem area where a child needs assertive discipline is write essay social when he or she is confronted with peer pressure. This is when the nyu anthropology dissertations student’s fellow peers force him or her to do something. Essay Social Darwinism. Confronting the child and thesis statement, telling him what he or she is doing can solve this problem. This problem can also be solved by giving out a punishment like, writing on the chalkboard or may be standing in the corner with his or her back turned to the rest of the class.

If all else fails, the teacher may want to call the child’s home and plan a conference with the student’s parents. Though most teachers feel threatened and write darwinism, overwhelmed by parents, especially if they are pushy or manipulative, they need to take a stand and thoroughly explain the situation going on father's, with their child. The teacher has to be assertive with the parents and the child. The teacher should not down grade the problems they are having with their child. Instead they should tell the parents the way things are. The teacher should let the parents know that they need their cooperation to discipline the child at home for his tantrum. If the teacher does not tell the write essay social darwinism parents what they truly feel then the child’s tantrum will be even worse the next time.

The corner stone of assertive discipline is the potential positive influence teachers can have on science, the behaviour of their students. When teachers accept the consequences of their potential influence, they accept the consequences of their potential influence they accept the responsibility to choose, or not to write, choose, to utilize this potential for the best interest of both themselves and the students. Assertive teachers recognize the responsibilities they have for the children. They know they cannot assert themselves and get their needs and the children needs met. They know they can have the impact on their classrooms if they choose to do so. Relationship building-the key to minimizing discipline problems-is a process. Encourage parent, community and staff support through a range of measures, beginning with their involvement in the creation of the code.

The teacher should use clear and concise language with specific examples of all behaviours that will result in disciplinary action and the specific punishments that will be administered for infractions of the plan rules. Consequences for even minor misbehaviours and increased punishments required for write essay social darwinism, repeat offences. Children learn best from what actually happens, not from what is said to them. Teaching children good behaviours is more than telling them what to do. Children will test limits. Thesis Statement Handout Middle. They will whine and argue to find out how you react. If these negative behaviours are rewarded (the children get what they want), they will use the negative behaviours again.

By being an assertive teacher, you can prevent children from going outside the write essay social limits and promote good behaviour and contest, education to their limits. In conclusion, teachers should strive to create an atmosphere in the classroom that is favourable to write essay, learning by maintaining a facilitating relationship with the students, establishing a reasonable framework of rules and consequences and finally, providing students with a curriculum that is not only motivating, but also appealing. The above mentioned techniques will allow teachers to understand the business cause of misbehaviour in the classroom as well as to help curb it. Write Essay Darwinism. This will be extremely beneficial to all the students as they will be provided with an environment that maximises their full potential in their learning and development and motivates them to succeed and achieve their goals. Apart from establishing a framework of rules and consequences, teachers should also establish a routine and an appealing curriculum in the classroom. This will help prevent boredom among the students. Father's Contest. The classroom routine should be established at the beginning of the year and students should be made aware of it.

The routine should include smooth transitions among lessons with a prompt beginning and an appropriate concluding procedure. The learning curriculum should provide activities that are creative and innovative so that students are kept engaged and motivated to learn. Activities should also have objectives and goals that are catered to the individual students’ learning and development so that all students are occupied and enjoy their tasks. Essay Social Darwinism. Activities should also be pitched at the different levels of ability of the students as well as have a holistic approach encompassing the physical, social, emotional and educational aspects of development. Such an interactive curriculum will reduce the occurrence of misbehaviour, minimize the dissertations chance of disruptions and ensure maximum productive work. Boekaerts, M., (2002). Bringing about change in the classroom: Strengths and weaknesses of the essay social darwinism self-regulated learning approach. Learning and Instruction. 12, (6), 589-604. Canter, Lee Canter, Marlene. Parents on Your Side.

Lee Canter and business, Associates. 1991. Canter, Lee Canter, Marlene. Parents on Your Side Workbook. Lee Canter and Associates 1991. Canter, Lee Canter, Marlene. Succeeding With Difficult Students. Lee Canter and write essay, Associates.

1993. Canter, Lee Canter, Marlene. Succeeding With Difficult Students Workbook. Dissertations. Lee Canter and Associates. 1993. Charles, C.M. Building Classroom Discipline. Addison Wesley Longman, New York.

1999. Dinsmore, T., (2003, June). Classroom Management. Educational Resource Information Centre. Write Social. Retrieved May 19, 2004, from Killen, R., (2003). Effective teaching strategies: Lessons from thesis statement handout, research and practice. Tuggerah: Social Science Press. Krause, L., Bochner, S., Duchesne, S. (2003). Educational psychology for essay, learning and teaching.

Southbank: Thomson. Norris, J. A., (2003). Looking at thesis middle school, classroom management through social and emotional learning lenses. Theory into practice. 42, (4), 313-318. Porter, L. (2000). Behaviour in schools: Theory and practice for teachers. Buckingham: Open University Press. Noll, James. Taking Sides.

Dushkin. Social. McGraw Hill. 2001. Wong, Harry K Wong, Rosemary. The First Days of School. Harry Wong. Is this the thesis handout perfect essay for essay social, you? Save time and order Learning in Classroom. essay editing for only $13.9 per statement handout middle school page.

Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Learning in Classroom. WHAT IS PROCEDURE’S IN A CLASSROOM Classroom procedures enable teachers and the class to run smoothly and it provides safety and security that is needed. The more the write essay social darwinism classroom, is… Each different classroom has different rules and behavior settings in their classrooms. The atmosphere of the classroom has a lot to state university essay, do with student behavior. Write Essay Social Darwinism. The setting of the classroom… The Role of the Teacher. Teaching is one of the hardest jobs found today. Handout. It demands broad knowledge of subject matter, curriculum, and essay social darwinism, standards? Enthusiasm, a caring attitude, and a love of learning? Knowledge of… Classroom Observation A quantitative method of measuring classroom behaviors from contest, direct observations that specifies both the events or behaviors that are to be observed and how they are to be…

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Theory of Social Darwinism and the Impacts on - UK Essays

100 Cause and essay social darwinism Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for thesis science over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Write Essay Social. Speculate about what caused the situation. Thesis. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to a discussion of write darwinism, its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to business plan, fit your assignment.

Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to essay social, the question is your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the father's contest, effect of divorce on children?

Does the essay social darwinism, age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and business marriage relationships of their children? What is the write essay social darwinism, effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to be afraid of business plan, commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and women's views of dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships?

What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and essay fulfilling marriage have on a person's health? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the statement handout middle school, effect of growing up in a single-parent household? What is the effect of social, being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships?

How will the business, new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in darwinism the U.S.? What are the thesis statement middle school, effects of growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children?

What has caused the increase in international adoption in Western countries? What is the effect on children (or adults) of watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations? What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of write essay social, poor water quality for thesis handout school many people around the world? What is the effect of essay social, people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on plan, a community?

What is the cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and write essay racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to dissertations, get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in social darwinism overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the thesis environmental, effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system? What causes the increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa?

What is the essay social darwinism, effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of about, disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly? What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health?

What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on write essay, the body?

What causes people to make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans?

What are the effects of violent video games on business, young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in write social darwinism the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to application essay, spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying?

What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on essay social, how people communicate? What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones?

How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to think school is thesis statement handout school boring?

Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books? What are the effects of homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of social, students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the state essay, positive and social negative effects of having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an application essay, open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out?

What causes some schools to fail to write essay social darwinism, educate students? What causes American students to statement, lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on darwinism, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on day essay 2012, a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in schools have on write darwinism, education? What caused the thesis environmental, Civil War? What are the continuing effects of essay social, slavery on American society?

What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and nyu anthropology dissertations 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring?

What are the effects of the social darwinism, Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on essay quotes, universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on write, Britain's view of itself? What were the causes and application essay effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the write essay darwinism, causes and father's contest effects of the American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in write social darwinism Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the plan, effects of immigration on a country (pick any country)?

What is the effect of write essay social darwinism, online sales on businesses (in any country)? What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the effects of globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of thesis environmental science, North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Interview Essay Paper Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 5. by write essay social darwinism Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You!

Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from social darwinism United States. About Quotes. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. Essay Social. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot.

Thank you ! this is business a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and darwinism got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade. Nyu Anthropology. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about essay social, relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. Dissertations. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for write essay social darwinism your LARGE ammount of tips.

These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States. Nyu Anthropology. Creative idea for essay darwinism a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. Statement Middle. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Very informative write.

Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. Social Darwinism. My students have come up with most of these topics through the university essay, years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago.

I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics.

James Packard 2 years ago from write Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to write about to do research and nyu anthropology dissertations clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers.

Cause and write essay darwinism effect papers are among the most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from science United States. Essay Social. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States.

Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to nyu anthropology, make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. This will come in handy for my English class.

Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Write Darwinism. Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about essay quotes, it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to write social darwinism, understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.

Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in father's day essay contest 2012 their English departments. However, you are very right to point out social darwinism that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in handout different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the write darwinism, situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is environmental why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in write social darwinism a situation. Thesis Environmental. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and it is interesting when researching and essay social darwinism writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to essay quotes, research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into essay social darwinism, consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California.

Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to plan, work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out social some of these for their own essays.

Annie Miller 4 years ago from thesis environmental Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in depth Hub. Essay. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Plan. Thank you for sharing.

Voted up and essay useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Essay About. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on essay darwinism, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Free Essays on Edith Wharton Roman Fever. aware of this concept known as karma. Author Edith Wharton , who experienced many complicated relationships, wrote many short stories with the subtle use of situational irony (“ Roman Fever ” 299). In the twentieth century short story “ Roman Fever ,” Edith Wharton employs symbolism and irony to social ascertain that. The significance of the, title Roman fever by Edith Wharton. Student: Nguy?n Th? Thanh H?ng Class: 02G Student code: 0271119 ROMAN FEVER Edith Wharton Analyze the significance of the title ' Roman fever ' An interesting story about write essay social two genteel ladies and their triangle love began at Rome, which is thesis environmental, famous for its extremely romantic beauty. And twenty five years. Destructive Passion and Past Repetition In “ Roman Fever ” In the short story “ Roman Fever ” we see a pattern in the lives of the social darwinism, women. I like to call this destructive passion. Destructive passion can be put into a literal term of passion itself. “Passion in itself is an about quotes emotion applied to essay social a strong feeling. The fine line between the fear of the unknown and what is thesis environmental, known can sometimes become blurred.

In the short story “ Roman Fever ”, Edith Wharton does just that by telling the story of darwinism, two ladies who were ‘childhood friends’. Both are recently widowed, and encounter each other in Rome by coincidence while. Edith Wharton’s “ Roman Fever ” by: Cassandra Bush “ Roman Fever ” by school Edith Wharton is social, a story about two wealthy American widows who have been friends for almost a lifetime, but have a secret they have kept bottled up for a very long time. Alida Slade and Grace Ansley are the main characters in this. ed THE SHORT STORIES OF EDITH WHARTON 1). Illinois Application Essay. What is a modern heroine? My conception of social darwinism, a modern heroine is a woman who has integrity, puts her ideas into action, can verbally and sometimes physically spar with a man, is day essay, aware of her own emotions, and has compassion for others. She is empowered and. Roman Fever Analysis Titled A Symbolic Execution Graded a 95% September 2010 A Symbolic Execution Brilliant writers possess the unique ability to turn simple words into a literary work of art.

In Edith Wharton’s “ Roman Fever ” Wharton reveals her theme of “illicit passion” through the creative use of literary devices. On the surface, Mrs. Ansley and Mrs. Slade are. Definition Fever is the temporary increase in the body's temperature in response to write darwinism some disease or illness. A child has a fever when the business plan, temperature is at or above one of these levels: 100.4 °F (38 °C) measured in the bottom (rectally) 99.5 °F(37.5 °C) measured in the mouth (orally) 99 °F. The Oppression of the write social darwinism, Individual in Kate Chopin’s and Edith Wharton’s Late 19th Century America. ? The Oppression of the Individual in illinois application, Kate Chopin’s and Edith Wharton’s Late 19th Century America The timing of the darwinism, release of, these historical novels and their settings become quite important when reflecting the write, minute characteristics of American society at contest, the time.

The Awakening was released in. Essay on Roman Fever The climax in social, Roman Fever by Edith Wharton appears at the very end of the story, however the illinois state application essay, author, she has prepaired subtly for this shocking ending by using a series of social darwinism, foreshadowdings and hints before reaching the climax. At the first part of the story, the foreshadowings. Interpreting Edith Wharton's Roman Fever Interpreting Edith Wharton's Roman Fever Definitive criteria for judging the essay about quotes, success or failure of a work of fiction are not easily agreed upon; individuals almost necessarily introduce bias into any such attempt. Only those who affect an exorbitantly refined artistic taste, however, would deny. EDITH WHARTON'S ROMAN FEVER Roman Fever by Edith Wharton is a story about two well-to-do American widows who escort their unmarried daughters on a grand vacation.

Alida Slade and Grace Ansley are the primary characters in Wharton's tale that incorporates love, mother/daughter relationships and sexuality. 1832-1901. Victorian literature mostly focused on the strict social, political, and sexual conservatism of the time. Some famous Victorian authors are Edith Wharton , Kate Chopin, Charles Dickens, and William Thackeray. Modern age literature (modernism) was during the 1890's through the 1940's. The literature. Overcoming Obstacles-the Conflicts 2. conflict. Essay. This conflict can be within oneself or between others.

The main goal of the book sometimes is to conquer these conflicts. Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton is a classic example of how the business, main character must strive through the conflicts to achieve their goals. Ethan Frome had a complicated life. family occurrences. In the short story “ Roman Fever ” by Edith Wharton , the write essay social, history of environmental science, past family members are reflected in the lives of the newer generations. Through analyzing this, the reader is able to social darwinism discover the true symbolism behind the title “ Roman Fever ”, which affects all generations equally. Andre’ Gibbons Roman Fever Analysis I believe the central idea of “ Roman Fever ” by Edith Wharton is how present the past really is people judge you by your past, your life is determined by your. Ellen Glasgow: Insurgent Womanhood in plan, Her Novels.

struggle for the liberation of personality”. In 1950, womanhood was described by Josephine Jessup, with particular reference to Ellen Glasgow, Edith Wharton , and Willa Cather, as the expression of Woman’s desire to be herself, that is to measure attainment irrespective of sexual function. In view of. Tolkien loved spending time there and couldn’t wait for his father to move there, but shortly before his father was due to leave, he died of yellow fever . Tolkein’s mother started tutoring him at a very early age. He was able to read at a fifth grade level by the age of four (Southam). Write Essay Darwinism. Tolkien attended. October 2014 Edith Wharton's Writing Style Every author has their own unique writing style that defines their work. Edith Wharton , author of such works as _Ethan Frome_ and Roman Fever , has a very distinguished style. One thing that stands out nyu anthropology, about her writing is her use of imagery.

Wharton uses intense. Journey,” Edith Wharton also defines a women’s role in society as a mother, housewife, or something simple like being a teacher. In her story, Wharton says, “her days has been as bare as he whitewashed school-room where she forced innutritious facts upon reluctant children” (Wharton1). Wharton also talks. Colvin 9 April 2013 Roman Fever Critique Edith Wharton writes a brilliant story in “ Roman Fever ” that does the job of entertaining the reader in such a short amount of time. Essay Social Darwinism. Published in thesis environmental science, 1934, Wharton chooses a setting that takes place in Rome in the 1920s. In short, “ Roman Fever ” tells the tale of. BUS 640 ASH Course Tutorial/ Uoptutorial. tutorials visit Decision Making Under Uncertainty. To save on gasoline expenses, Edith and Mathew agreed to carpool together for traveling to write and from work.

Edith preferred to travel on I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in the absence of traffic. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is a communicable disease. It is part of the Rickettsias group. It is a pathogen that looks like bacteria. They multiply by nyu anthropology taking over cells of a living thing.

The Rickettsias enters a body through a bite of a insect (fleas, lice, ticks, ect.) or small animal (field mice. Two-Term Survey of American Literature. (1849-1909): The Country of the Pointed Firs 38) Kate Chopin (1850-1904): short stories (“The Storm”); The Awakening 39) Edith Wharton (1862-1937): “The Other Two”; “ Roman Fever ”; The Age of Innocence; The House of Mirth • 40) Frank Norris (1870-1902): McTeague. Analysis of Roman Fever Narration Wharton wrote the story in darwinism, omniscient third-person point of view, enabling her to reveal the handout middle, thoughts of the two main characters. Climax . Write Darwinism. The climax occurs when Mrs. Slade reveals what she knows about nyu anthropology Mrs. Ansley’s late-night excursion to the Colosseum twenty-five. lacks trust and a person finds out that his or her friend cheated or lied, it just changes everything in one’s life. The short story “ Roman Fever ” written by Edith Wharton revolves around the social, lives of two friends, Mrs. Slade and Mrs. Ansley, who knew each other for too long to call themselves each other’s.

(after WWII Tolkiny, Poland). The name of thesis environmental, that place is derived from the now extinct Old Prussian language. Tolkien's maternal grandparents, John and Edith Jane Suffield, were Baptists who lived in Birmingham and write owned a shop in the city centre. The Suffield family had run various businesses out of the. as Ethan does in Edith Wharton’s novel Ethan Frome. Wharton uses characters and symbols to illustrate how one uses illusion to cope with isolation. Environmental. Ethan’s role outside society becomes apparent throughout the novel, mostly in his relationships with others; through symbols, Wharton shows how society.

BUS 640 Entire Class / Managerial Economics / New. illustrate your points BUS 640 Week 1 DQ 2 Decision Making Under Uncertainty . To save on gasoline expenses, Edith and write social Mathew agreed to carpool together for traveling to and from work. Edith preferred to travel on I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in thesis environmental science, the absence of traffic. There are a lot of essay social darwinism, diseases that can be deadly if not treated right. Dieases or virus like the flu, pneumonia, scarlet fever , stomach virus etc. can be treated and cured with nutrients and vaccines. There are few parts of the world mostly third world countries were people still die from diseases that. Many professors prefer a font with serifs, or “feet” on the bottom of each letter. Do not use a font designed to imitate handwriting.

Times New Roman is a popular and reliable font for thesis handout middle academic work. Indent each new paragraph. Do not skip extra lines between paragraphs. The paper heading. Clementine Mr. Kelleher AP Literature, P4 September 14, 2010 Passion and write essay darwinism Betrayal in “ Roman Fever ” “ Roman Fever ” is a very dynamic story, were things aren’t necessarily what they appear. Dissertations. The characters have two faces: the ones they show each other and the ones evident to the reader through. times in life, other people or things get in write social darwinism, the way of statement handout school, one’s greatest desires or goals. Essay. A great example of this is the novel “Ethan Frome” by Edith Wharton . Throughout the story, certain obstacles such as society, Ethan’s morals, marriage, and suicide interfere with reaching perpetual love and happiness.

believe the Romans of the first century B.C. had the knowledge we still use today in nyu anthropology dissertations, hospitals and write essay social every day illnesses. Most early Romans relied on a combination of illinois university, magic and folklore to fight disease. Each home had its own special shrine and stock of herbal remedies (Magner 82). The Romans inherited. Paris and write essay social darwinism New York in the Twentieth Century. catch a break in and Paris is about quotes, breathtaking city full of gaiety. Travelers’ journals like that of Sylvia Salinger and travel writings like those of Edith Wharton , F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemmingway speak of the essay darwinism, beauty and creativity that Paris has to offer. While the superiority of Paris in thesis handout middle, the twentieth. be happening in reality are governed by the subjective logic of dreams. In the literature of the United States, Henry James, Arthur Miller, and write social darwinism Edith Wharton are considered major contributor[s] to the practice of thesis handout middle, psychological realism..

hi Mark 2. Pennell, Melissa McFarland. Write Darwinism. Student Companion to Edith Wharton .(Brief Article)(Children's Review)(Book Review).School Library Journal 50.10 (Oct 2004): p.S67(1). (69 words) From Business and Company ASAP. * View full-text article * 1 PDF Page * * Book Review, Brief. BUS 640 Complete Course / Managerial Economics/ New. points BUS 640 Week 1 DQ 2 Decision Making Under Uncertainty . To save on gasoline expenses, Edith and Mathew agreed to carpool together for traveling to and from work. Edith preferred to travel on father's contest 2012, I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in the absence of traffic. How Far Were Developments in Rome a Good Example of Progress?

Throughout the Roman era medicine advanced in many ways. The Roman empire pushed forward with methods and hygiene. The ideas of Doctors such as Galen were largely correct, such as anatomical recognition. However, some ideas and practices could be said to have held medicine back. One of the main things.

BUS 640 Complete Course / Managerial Economics/ New. points BUS 640 Week 1 DQ 2 Decision Making Under Uncertainty . Essay Social. To save on gasoline expenses, Edith and Mathew agreed to carpool together for university essay traveling to and from work. Write Essay. Edith preferred to travel on I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in the absence of traffic. Idealism vs. Reality Two books that should come to 2012 mind when thinking of write darwinism, idealism vs. reality are Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton and A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry. Both books are similar in the form that both are about the stories of everyday people that just want to be happy. However both.

dies from Roman Fever . Father's Day Essay 2012. But Daisy already murdered in society while she is living. So she chose her own way and darwinism didn’t want to accommodate with European social rules and her death is her last free action, I think. State Essay. “I don’t care,” said Daisy in a little strange tone, “whether I have Roman fever or not!”. Essays on Racism, Feminism and Politics. Toronto: Sister Vision Press, 1993. BOOK ARTICLES: Bentley, Nancy. “ Edith Wharton and write essay social darwinism the Science of plan, Manners.” The Cambridge Companion to write social darwinism Edith Wharton . Ed. Millicent Bell. About Quotes. Cambridge: CUP, 1995, 47- 67. Ortiz, Simon. “Always the Stories: A Brief History and Thoughts.

marked this period of time was the significance for literature with a new audience, new settings, and new characters. The novel, Ethan Frome, by Edith Wharton , is a magnificent example of literature from the Realistic period. First, Realism is a definite movement away from the Romantic period. 1876 and write darwinism 1901, approximately), the rich got much richer and the poor got much poorer. It’s a time of great industrial expansion in the USA and Edith Wharton (the writer) knows the upper-crust society very well because her family was in it. She knows how cruel that society can be. State University Application. Lily lives with her. Decision Making Under Uncertainty Decision Making Under Uncertainty. To save on gasoline expenses, Edith and Mathew agreed to carpool together for traveling to and from write social darwinism, work. Edith preferred to travel on essay quotes, I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in the absence of traffic. Roman has a whole much of great successful leader for an example Nero, Tiberius or even pompey, but one of the essay darwinism, most successful leader is Marcus aurelius.

Marcus aurelius was born on April, 26 121, And raised in a wealthy and thesis environmental politically prominent family. He was a roman emperor. DENGUE FEVER Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1 Arboviruses • The Arbovirus are also called as Arthropod borne viruses, represent an social darwinism ecological grounding of viruses with complex transmission cycles involving Arthropods • These viruses have diverse physical and chemical properties and are. Fever 1793 There's sickness. There's vomiting. There's suffering. There's blood. There's even death. Just when you think you can get way from the terror in Philadelphia, it gets you and dissolves your entire family while you're sleeping in the night, dreaming of fairies and marshmallows, and the boy.

Feminine Sexuality, Feminine Freedom, Sexism and Relationship. “Semiotic Subversion in “Desiree’s Baby.” American Literature, 1990. Papke, Mary E. Illinois State University Essay. Verging on the Abyss: The Social Fiction of Kate Chopin and Edith Wharton (Contributions in Women's Studies). Greenwood Press, 1990. Papke, Mary E. Woodlief. How Reliable Is the Narrator in Ethan Frome. different story. This opening paragraph encapsulates the write darwinism, main ideas of my presentation today. How reliable is the narrator in Edith Wharton's novel, Ethan Frome?

Edith Wharton uses the narrator's sketchy account of Ethan Frome's life to generate mystery and business insecurity in the story. She uses the nameless. Roman Fever Even the closest, most expressive and trusting of friends may find out later that they know nothing about one another. Social. Their friendship may conceal their true feelings of jealously and thesis environmental resentment. A perfect example of this is in the short story “ Roman Fever ” by Edith Wharton . Roman. The Importance of the Minor Character in Roman Fever by Wharton. Professor: A. Hoag English Proficiency 1, 1b 18 October 2011 The importance of minor character in “ Roman Fever ” by Wharton . Roman Fever is a story which was written by Edith Wharton in 1934.

The story is darwinism, divided in two parts and tells of the interactions of state university application, two women of high society. The. Edith Piaf Edith Piaf's, born Edith Giovanna Gassion, lived between the years of 1915 and essay social 1963. Her mother gave birth to her December 19th, 1915 on the streets under a lamp-post in thesis environmental science, Paris France. Being an only child, Edith Piaf grew up very lonely. Her mother left her to her father who later gave. The story Roman Fever written by Edith Wharton is about two women and the relationship that they have established over social a long period of friendship. These women, Mrs.

Ansley and thesis environmental science Mrs. Write. Slade, have practically grown up together and they think that they know pretty much everything about one another. About. But as. Grounding There are two ways of spreading light: to be the candle or the essay, mirror that reflects it Vesalius in Zante (Bartlett 700). Edith Wharton's outside appearance in no way reflected the inner struggles she dealt with her whole life.

She was born into a wealthy, affluent, socially. 1st Block O3/09/11 “Literary Elements of Wharton’s ‘ Roman Fever ’” Peter Scott Scott 1 03/09/11 Ms. Nyu Anthropology. Wiggins 1st Block “Literary Elements of write essay, Wharton’s ‘ Roman Fever ’” The short story, “ Roman Fever ” by Edith Wharton , reveals numerous popular literary elements. Some of the. Though immensely popular, gladiators were by no means the, only popular attractions of Roman amphitheaters. There were also a wide variety of animal shows, collectively known as venationes (singular, venatio ), or hunts. (The term hunt is write darwinism, a bit of a misnomer, since none of nyu anthropology, these consisted of sportsmen.

Point of write essay, View in the Age of thesis science, Innocence. of view in The Age of Innocence entails having an insight into darwinism, the general tendencies characterizing Edith Wharton's most literary works as far as narrative technique is essay, concerned. In general, Wharton doesn't favour the recourse to third-person omniscient narrator; she opts for write social novels and stories where. BUS 640 learning consultant/tutorialrank. Tutorial Purchased: 1 Times, Rating: No Rating Decision Making Under Uncertainty.

To save on environmental, gasoline expenses, Edith and Mathew agreed to carpool together for traveling to and from work. Edith preferred to write essay travel on state university, I-20 highway as it was usually the fastest, taking 25 minutes in the absence of traffic.

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Exam Questions: Types, Characteristics, and Suggestions. Examinations are a very common assessment and evaluation tool in universities and there are many types of examination questions. This tips sheet contains a brief description of seven types of write essay darwinism examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and 7) computational. Nyu Anthropology! Remember that some exams can be conducted effectively in a secure online environment in a proctored computer lab or assigned as paper based or online “take home” exams. Multiple choice questions are composed of one question (stem) with multiple possible answers (choices), including the correct answer and essay social several incorrect answers (distractors).

Typically, students select the correct answer by about circling the associated number or letter, or filling in the associated circle on essay social darwinism, the machine-readable response sheet. A) Elements of the exam layout that distract attention from the questions. B) Incorrect but plausible choices used in multiple choice questions. C) Unnecessary clauses included in nyu anthropology dissertations, the stem of multiple choice questions. Students can generally respond to these type of questions quite quickly.

As a result, they are often used to test student’s knowledge of a broad range of content. Essay Social! Creating these questions can be time consuming because it is often difficult to generate several plausible distractors. However, they can be marked very quickly. Tips for writing good multiple choice items: Long / complex sentences Trivial statements Negatives and double-negatives Ambiguity or indefinite terms, absolute statements, and broad generalization Extraneous material Item characteristics that provide a clue to the answer misconceptions. Statements too close to the correct answer Completely implausible responses ‘All of the above,’ ‘none of the above’ Overlapping responses (e.g., if ‘A’ is true) Your own words – not statements straight out of the thesis handout middle textbook Single, clearly formulated problems. Plausible and homogeneous distractors Statements based on common student misconceptions True statements that do not answer the questions Short options – and write all same length Correct options evenly distributed over A, B, C, etc. Alternatives that are in logical or numerical then ‘C’ is also true) order At least 3 alternatives. Suggestion : After each lecture during the term, jot down two or three multiple choice questions based on the material for that lecture.

Regularly taking a few minutes to illinois state application, compose questions, while the write social material is fresh in your mind, will allow you to thesis, develop a question bank that you can use to construct tests and exams quickly and easily. True/false questions are only darwinism composed of a statement. Students respond to the questions by indicating whether the statement is thesis environmental science true or false. Social! For example: True/false questions have only two possible answers (Answer: True). Like multiple choice questions, true/false questions: Are most often used to assess familiarity with course content and to check for illinois state university application essay, popular misconceptions Allow students to write social, respond quickly so exams can use a large number of them to test knowledge of a broad range of content Are easy and quick to grade but time consuming to create. True/false questions provide students with a 50% chance of guessing the right answer. Business! For this reason, multiple choice questions are often used instead of true/false questions. Tips for writing good true/false items: Negatives and double-negatives Long / complex sentences Trivial material Broad generalizations Ambiguous or indefinite terms. Your own words The same number of true and false statements (50 / 50) or slightly more false statements than true (60/40) – students are more likely to write darwinism, answer true One central idea in day essay 2012, each item.

Suggestion : You can increase the usefulness of true/false questions by asking students to correct false statements. Students respond to matching questions by pairing each of write social darwinism a set of stems (e.g., definitions) with one of the about quotes choices provided on the exam. These questions are often used to assess recognition and recall and so are most often used in courses where acquisition of detailed knowledge is an important goal. They are generally quick and easy to write essay darwinism, create and mark, but students require more time to thesis middle, respond to these questions than a similar number of write essay social darwinism multiple choice or true/false items. Example: Match each question type with one attribute: Multiple Choice a) Only two possible answers True/False b) Equal number of stems and choices Matching c) Only one correct answer but at plan, least three choices. Tips for writing good matching items: Long stems and options Heterogeneous content (e.g., dates mixed with people) Implausible responses. Short responses 10-15 items on only one page Clear directions Logically ordered choices (chronological, alphabetical, etc.) Suggestion: You can use some choices more than once in the same matching exercise.

It reduces the effects of guessing. Short answer questions are typically composed of darwinism a brief prompt that demands a written answer that varies in length from one or two words to a few sentences. They are most often used to test basic knowledge of key facts and terms. An example this kind of short answer question follows: “What do you call an exam format in which students must uniquely associate a set of prompts with a set of options?” Answer: Matching questions. Alternatively, this could be written as a fill-in-the-blank short answer question: “An exam question in thesis statement handout, which students must uniquely associate prompts and options is called a. ___________ question.” Answer: Matching. Short answer questions can also be used to test higher thinking skills, including analysis or. evaluation.

For example: “Will you include short answer questions on your next exam? Please justify your decision with. two to essay darwinism, three sentences explaining the father's contest 2012 factors that have influenced your decision.” Short answer questions have many advantages. Many instructors report that they are relatively easy to construct and can be constructed faster than multiple choice questions. Unlike matching, true/false, and multiple choice questions, short answer questions make it difficult for students to.

guess the answer. Short answer questions provide students with more flexibility to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity than they would have with multiple choice questions; this also means that scoring is write essay relatively laborious and can be quite subjective. Short answer. questions provide more structure than essay questions and application thus are often easy and faster to mark and often test a broader range of the course content than full essay questions. Tips for writing good short answer items: Your own words Specific problems Direct questions.

Taking out so many words that the sentence is meaningless. Prompts that omit only one or two key words at the end of the essay sentence. Suggestion : When using short answer questions to test student knowledge of day essay definitions consider having a mix of essay social darwinism questions, some that supply the term and require the students to provide the definition, and other questions that supply the definition and require that students provide the term. The latter sort of questions can be structured as fill-in-the-blank questions. Statement Middle School! This mix of social darwinism formats will better test student knowledge because it doesn’t rely solely on recognition or recall of the plan term.

Essay questions provide a complex prompt that requires written responses, which can vary in length from a couple of social darwinism paragraphs to many pages. Nyu Anthropology Dissertations! Like short answer questions, they provide students with an opportunity to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity, but make it hard for students to arrive at an acceptable answer by bluffing. They can be constructed reasonably quickly and easily but marking these questions can be time-consuming and grader agreement can be difficult. Essay questions differ from social darwinism short answer questions in that the father's 2012 essay questions are less structured. This openness allows students to demonstrate that they can integrate the essay darwinism course material in creative ways.

As a result, essays are a favoured approach to thesis, test higher levels of cognition including analysis, synthesis and essay social evaluation. However, the dissertations requirement that the students provide most of the structure increases the amount of work required to respond effectively. Students often take longer to compose a five paragraph essay than they would take to compose five one paragraph answers to short answer questions. Write Essay Darwinism! This increased workload limits the number of essay questions that can be posed on a single exam and thus can restrict the overall scope of an exam to a few topics or areas. To ensure that this doesn’t cause students to panic or blank out, consider giving the option of answering one of two or more questions. Tips for writing good essay items: Complex, ambiguous wording Questions that are too broad to allow time for an in-depth response. Your own words Words like ‘compare’ or ‘contrast’ at the beginning of the question Clear and nyu anthropology unambiguous wording A breakdown of write darwinism marks to make expectations clear Time limits for thinking and writing.

Suggestions : Distribute possible essay questions before the business plan exam and make your marking criteria slightly stricter. Write! This gives all students an equal chance to prepare and father's day essay should improve the quality of the write darwinism answers – and the quality of learning – without making the exam any easier. Oral examinations allow students to respond directly to the instructor’s questions and/or to present prepared statements. These exams are especially popular in language courses that demand ‘speaking’ but they can be used to assess understanding in almost any course by following the guidelines for the composition of short answer questions. Some of the thesis statement handout principle advantages to oral exams are that they provide nearly immediate feedback and so allow the student to learn as they are tested. There are two main drawbacks to oral exams: the amount of essay darwinism time required and statement the problem of write essay social record-keeping. Oral exams typically take at least ten to fifteen minutes per essay about quotes, student, even for a midterm exam. As a result, they are rarely used for large classes. Essay! Furthermore, unlike written exams, oral exams don’t automatically generate a written record.

To ensure that students have access to written feedback, it is recommended that instructors take notes during oral exams using a rubric and/or checklist and provide a photocopy of the notes to the students. In many departments, oral exams are rare. Students may have difficulty adapting to dissertations, this new style of assessment. Essay Social Darwinism! In this situation, consider making the oral exam optional. While it can take more time to prepare two tests, having both options allows students to choose the nyu anthropology dissertations one which suits them and their learning style best. Computational questions require that students perform calculations in order to solve for an answer. Computational questions can be used to assess student’s memory of solution techniques and their ability to essay social, apply those techniques to solve both questions they have attempted before and questions that stretch their abilities by requiring that they combine and science use solution techniques in novel ways. Effective computational questions should: Be solvable using knowledge of the key concepts and techniques from the course.

Before the exam solve them yourself or get a teaching assistant to attempt the questions. Indicate the write essay social darwinism mark breakdown to plan, reinforce the expectations developed in in-class examples for the amount of detail, etc. Essay Darwinism! required for the solution. To prepare students to do computational questions on exams, make sure to describe and model in class the correct format for the calculations and answer including: How students should report their assumptions and nyu anthropology dissertations justify their choices The units and degree of precision expected in the answer. Suggestion : Have students divide their answer sheets into two columns: calculations in one, and a list of assumptions, description of essay social process and justification of choices in the other. This ensures that the marker can distinguish between a simple mathematical mistake and a profound conceptual error and give feedback accordingly. Cunningham, G.K. (1998).

Assessment in the Classroom. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press. Ward, A.W., Murray-Ward, M. (1999). Assessment in the Classroom. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and statement handout middle build upon our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and indicate if changes were made. Use this citation format: Exam questions: types, characteristics and suggestions . Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of write essay social darwinism Waterloo . The University of essay quotes Waterloo is committed to achieving barrier-free accessibility for write social darwinism, persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Waterloo. If you have questions concerning access, such as parking, building layouts, or obtaining information in alternative formats, or wish to request accommodations for a CTE workshop or event, please contact CTE via email ( or phone (ext. Nyu Anthropology! 33857) and include the write essay social darwinism session’s title and date. Our workshops typically involve a mix of quotes presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. We also welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, or note-takers; notify us if accommodations are needed in social darwinism, this regard. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange. We acknowledge that the University of Waterloo is located on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee people.

The University of Waterloo is situated on the Haldimand Tract, the land promised to quotes, the Six Nations that includes ten kilometers on each side of the Grand River.