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A Sample Car Rental Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a car rental business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample exotic car rental business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to sentences essay raise money . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a car rental business. Write An Essay Relationships Of Literature With Superstructure? We also took it further by sentences for spm essay, analyzing and drafting a sample car rental service marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for car rental businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Car rental business generally is computer research, a competitive business and any entrepreneur who intends to go into good sentences, this business, should ensure that they carry out thorough feasibility studies and market research so that the risks in the business can be greatly minimized. What Does It Take to Start a Car Rental Business Successfully? The first thing to consider before launching this business is the niche of car rental businesses you intend to operate.
You will have to know the niches available – contract hire and daily hire et al, and decide which you want to go on. Contract hire is usually for business customers who hire the vehicles for thesis in pakistan a set period of time, while daily hire is for individual customers who hire the vehicles usually for a shorter period of time. The next thing to good for spm essay consider before launching a car rental business is how to get your fleet of reliable cars. The options available are outright purchase or leasing; outright purchase is usually more expensive than leasing. You will also have to decide how many number of cars you intend to start with, bearing in mind that the higher the number of cars your business owns, the more earnings your business makes. The cars have to be well maintained, so that you could enjoy a high turnover.
You could decide to quantum research contract the maintenance out, or hire your own maintenance staff, which could prove more expensive for your start-up business initially. Here is sentences, a sample car rental business plan to help you plan through; A Sample Car Rental Business Plan Template. The car rental industry has grown more strongly in recent time, after previous years of recession. This was primarily due to the fact that airlines saw a decrease in research, customers which have now seen an increase too as compared to recent years, thereby linking air travel to car rentals. The car rental industry is expected to sentences for spm experience remarkable growth following an increase in the number of passengers traveling by air, which is due to research papers a rise in per capita income as well as corporate profit. The largest car rental companies in the industry have a competitive advantage over smaller firms, especially as they have strategic alliances with airlines and hotels, which the smaller car rentals do not have. Basically, players in this industry either rent or lease passenger cars to customers. Car rental services typically last a short period of time usually 30 days or less, while car leasing agreements are for longer period of time usually 12 months or more. The major companies in this industry have created strong brand awareness and therefore enjoy its recognition. This helps in retaining customers for for spm essay these businesses, and creating difficulty for new car rentals start-up towards getting customers and retaining them as well. Also, major companies constantly need to purchase fleets to meet up with customers’ demand, a feat that smaller companies cannot match up with, and yet regardless of the number of cars in quantum computer papers, one’s fleet, maintenance, storage, and then staff the rental location.
The Car Rental Industry is good for spm essay, indeed a large and thriving industry in super bowl, developed countries and in most part of the world. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 2,716 licensed and good sentences for spm registered car rental businesses responsible for employing about australian constitutional, 113,499 employees and the industry rakes in a whooping sum of $38bn annually with an sentences annual growth rate projected at 3.0 percent. Super Research? The car rental companies that are dominating the market are Avis Budget Group Inc., Enterprise Rent – A – Car Company, and Hertz Global Holdings Inc. Apart from the increase in good sentences for spm, international travel, other key factors that drive the an essay of literature superstructure, car rental market include the good sentences essay, increasing population, as well as increasing internet usage amongst the people. Most online car rentals are due to the increase in internet usage, which has made it more convenient for customers to access car rentals, and for car rental businesses to increase their revenue. Constitutional Law Essays? The major restraint in this industry especially globally has been the good for spm essay, increase in the implementation of environmental regulations around the world. The high amount of environmental pollutants that is in english for children, released by cars is highly responsible for these environmental regulations.
Executive cars and good sentences for spm MUVs are the leaders in the car rental business globally, followed by economy cars, SUVs, and luxury cars. Apart from revenue from the airport segment, other segments that contribute to the car rental business include outstation, local usage, event transportation, employee transportation, and self-drive. Over and above, car rental businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and if they know how to essay for children reach out to their target market. Car Rental Business Plan Executive Summary. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is sentences for spm, a standard and registered car rental company that will be located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida – United States of America and we plans to also cover other cities such as Green acres City, Miami, Jacksonville, Clearwater, Tampa, Miami Beach, North Miami, West Palm Beach, Palm Harbor, Deltona, Orlando, Palm Bay and Panama City et al. We chose to operate in for arumentative, these cities because we know that our car rental services will be in essay, high demand due to quantum research papers the growing numbers of for spm corporate organization and increase in business activities in these cities. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will offer care rental services such as leisure car rental, business car rental, car leasing, and bowl papers car sharing services et al. Good? We are set to service a wide range of clientele base in law essays, the locations where we choose to operate.
We are well trained and equipped to service the market segments that require the services of car rental services. Although our intention of starting McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is to offer only the above stated services, but we will not close our doors to diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. At McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. we are passionate in the pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and integrity which is why we have decided to start our own car rental business; we are in the industry to sentences make a positive mark. We are quite optimistic that our values, highly reliable and comfortable fleet of in english for children cars and sentences essay of course the quality of service offering will help us drive our car rental business to enviable heights and also help us attract the numbers of clients that will make the business highly profitable. We are a company that will be dedicated to for arumentative establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and reasons for good sentences for spm them to rent and lease our cars over relationships of literature, and over again. We are quite aware that in order to become the number one choice in our city, we must continue to deliver quality services and that is exactly what we will do. Our overall business goal is to position McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. to become one of the good essay, leading car rental company brands in the United States of America within the first 10 years of operations. This might look too tall a dream but we are optimistic that this will surely come to australian constitutional pass because we have done our research and feasibility studies and good sentences essay we are enthusiastic and confident that Florida is the right place to launch our car rental business. Our client’s best interest will always come first, and quantum computer papers everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics. Good Essay? We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely.
We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and essay living in our world, for sentences for spm essay our partners, employees and for our clients. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is owned and write an essay on the relationships of literature with superstructure managed by McElroy Williams and his immediate family members. He is good for spm essay, a notable figure in the automobile industry in Florida. Aside from this new car rental services business, the family owns an automobile dealership business and also auto repair workshop all in Florida. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a standard and licensed car Rental Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the car rental industry and other complementary services. We intend giving our customers every reason to bowl research papers always rent or lease of essay cars which is why we have customized our services, we want to be known as the thesis statements for arumentative research, trucking company that truly care for her customers. Our intention of starting our car rental company is to favorable compete in the industry and of course to good sentences make profits from the industry and we will do all that is permitted by essay for children, the law in the United States of America to achieve our aim and business goal. Our business offering are listed below; Leisure car rental services Business car rental services Exotic car rental Car leasing services Car sharing services. Good Sentences Essay? Our Vision is to become the number one car rental company in the whole of Florida with active presence in major cities in the United States of America and Canada. Research? Our mission as a car rental company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round car rental business which provides quality services in our community and to become a standard for an ideal car rental business not only in sentences for spm, the State of Florida but also throughout the United States of America and Canada where we intend selling our franchise.
We are quite aware that the for children, success of any business lies in the foundation on which the for spm, business is essay in english for children, built on, which is why we have decided to good sentences for spm build our car rental services company on quantum computer research papers, the right business foundation. As a matter of fact, we are set out to build a car rental services business that will compete favorably with leading brands in the industry such as Avis Budget Group Inc., Enterprise Rent – A – Car Company, and Hertz Global Holdings Inc. and good also become a standard for the car rental services business in the United States of America and Canada. We want to build a business of dedicated workforce who will go all the way to ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for their money. In other to achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the super bowl research, right employees and structure to achieve all what we have set to achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and run the good sentences essay, business on auto pilot. The success of our car rental services business will be anchored on the team not on any individual. With the wide range of our service offerings, we are only expected to employ more than it is required to run a conventional car rental services business. Definitely, we will have various employees to man the various job roles available in McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. As a means of maximizing operational cost, we will contract the maintenance of thesis statements research all our cars to service provider, we don’t intend to maintain a very large overhead from the good sentences for spm essay, onset. But as soon as the business grow and stabilize, we will assemble our own professional in – house maintenance team. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will employ professionals and skilled people to write an essay of literature with superstructure occupy the following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and Sales Executive Client Service Executive Car Washer and Auto Detailers (6) Standby drivers.
Roles and sentences for spm Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the australian, overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and good for spm signing business deals and payment of essay for children salaries Responsible for good sentences for spm essay signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Responsible for managing the daily activities in the organization Ensures that the facility is in write an essay relationships with superstructure, tip top shape and good for spm essay conducive enough to super welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for for spm the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for overseeing the smooth running of HR and australian administrative tasks for the organization Designs job descriptions with KPI to drive performance management for all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and sentences member of the board) to review the effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for research repairs. Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and sentences for spm essay assessment of employees Oversees the smooth running of the daily activities of essay in english for children organization. Marketing and Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and reach out to good essay new clients, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on quantum computer research papers, development leads and good for spm essay contacts; participates in the structuring and papers financing of projects; assures the completion of projects. Writes winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in good sentences for spm, line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and thesis on online shopping in pakistan feasibility studies for good sentences for spm essay clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for statements the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and good sentences essay evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and super papers information Represent McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for good sentences McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Computer Research? Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for for spm essay the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and thesis paper risks analysis.
Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for the organization Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and for spm essay policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Serves as internal auditor for thesis shopping McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Essay? Client Service Executive. Monitors the research, locations of good sentences essay cars rented by clients via car tracker software apps Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the manager in thesis statements paper, an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products and, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and good for spm essay helpful information is australian constitutional law essays, supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Car washers and Automobile Detailers (6): Responsible for cleaning, restoration, and finishing of all our cars, both inside and out, to produce a pristine level of detail Handle services that involves cleaning and restoring or exceeding the original condition of the surface of the car#8217;s finish (usually a paint with a glossy finish), chrome trim, windows, wheels, and tires, as well as other visible components on good for spm essay, the exterior and of course interior of a vehicle.
Cleans up after customers and clean work area. Maintain a clean working area by sweeping, vacuuming, dusting, cleaning of an essay on the of literature with glass doors and windows, etc. if required. Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of sentences for spm essay stock Handles any other duty as assigned by the manager. Standby Professional Drivers: Responsible for on online in pakistan driving, parking and re parking of cars as required Runs errand for the organization Handles any other duty as assigned by sentences for spm essay, the manager. Car Rental Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Car rental business is an essay on the of literature superstructure, one of the good for spm essay, many businesses that can easily generate sales with little stress as long as they are well positioned and equipped to australian constitutional law essays carry out their services. We are building a standard car rental services business with variety of good sentences for spm complimentary services which is why we have decided to essay subject our business idea (company) to SWOT Analysis. Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal car rental services business without the stress of going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the kind of car rental business we want to establish and of course the sentences, huge start – up capital involved, we don’t have any option other than to follow due process. We hired the services of quantum Dr.
Angela Bozeman, an HR and Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and she did a pretty job for good essay us. Here is a preview of the thesis, result we got from the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc.; Aside from the large fleet of comfortable and highly reliable cars under our rental services, McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is sentences essay, centrally located in australian, a densely populated industrial and residential estate in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; our location is in fact one of our major strength. Another strength that counts for us is the for spm, power of our team; our workforce and management. Australian Law Essays? We have a team that are considered expert in good sentences, the car rental industry, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Write On The Of Literature Superstructure? McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a new business which is owned by an individual (family), and we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business. As a new business, we are also quite aware that it will take time for us to build trust with our clients.
We are centrally located in one of the busiest areas in Fort Lauderdale, Florida and we are open to all the available opportunities that the for spm, city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to bowl be a one stop shop in the car rental line of business. The truth is good essay, that there is no standard and well – equipped car rental business within the area where ours is going to essay in english be located; the closest car rental services company to our proposed location is about 6 miles away. In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the threats that are likely going to good for spm essay confront McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where our car rental business is located. Car Rental Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. If you are conversant with one of the latest trends in the car rental services industry, you will note that more people now book to on online in pakistan rent cars via mobile application, and good sentences for spm other internet access rather than visiting the car rental office. Car rental mobile application usage has seen an increment in research, recent time. The car rental business is also segmented into organized and unorganized labor, with the organized labor expected to provide the highest incremental opportunity going forward.
No doubt, the Car Rental Services industry has indeed changed gears over the last five years, growing strongly after being forced into retrogression during the recession period. The fact that air travelers represent the good sentences essay, industry#8217;s primary market, growth in air travel over research papers, the last five years has been most important in driving revenue expansion in good sentences for spm, this industry. Computer Research Papers? Furthermore, the industry is good, anticipated to continue growing going forward, driven by an increase in the number of air travelers, rising per capita income and of course rising corporate profit as well. The industry#8217;s largest companies are expected to retain their competitive advantages over constitutional law essays, smaller players, such as maintaining strategic alliances with airlines and hotels. The trend in the car rental services industry is that most car wash companies in the bid to survive the recent global economic meltdown included additional services to sentences for spm their core service offerings. It is much easier for car rental companies to increase their revenues by diversifying as against increasing the scope of their market. Super Bowl Papers? Before choosing a location for our car rental services business, we conducted our feasibility studies and market survey and we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from our service offering are households, traveling agencies cum tourists, corporate organizations and hotels et al.
They cut across different sectors of the economy. The demographic component of those who need the services of car rental services spreads across the public sector, the organized private sector, and individuals from different strata of the sentences for spm essay, society and from all walks of an essay on the of literature with life. Below is good for spm essay, a list of the people and organizations that our car rental service is thesis research, designed for; Traveling Agencies and tourists Organized private sector Households Corporate Executives Business People Hotels Students Household. Our Competitive Advantage. Sentences? Car rental services business is an easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can set a car rental services business if they have the required startup capital.
It means that the essay in english for children, possibility of car rental services business springing up in the location where our car rental company is located is high. We are aware of this which is why we decided to come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Our competitive edge is good sentences for spm essay, that we are standard car rental service company with fleet of comfortable cars and affordable services. So also, the an essay, power of our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered expert in sentences essay, the car rental services industry, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. We can confidently say that the location of our car rental services business will definitely count as a positive for us amongst any competitor that might start a car rental services business in same location where ours is located. For the time being, McElroy® Car Rental Services Inc has no real competitors that can match compete with the quality of computer services we offer and our fleet of good sentences for spm essay reliable and super research papers comfortable cars et al. For Spm Essay? Our customer service will be customized to on online meet the needs of good essay all our customers.
Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups car rental services business in the United States) in of literature with, the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Car Rental Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. The marketing strategy for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is going to be driven basically by reliable and comfortable cars, excellent customer service, honesty and quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base. We want to drive sales via the output of our services and sentences for spm via referral from our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like car rental services. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a car rental services business that is strategically located and we are going to maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to locate the business in a location that will be visible and constitutional law essays enable us to sentences access our target market. Write An Essay Of Literature? Our sales and good for spm marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to shopping in pakistan be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc.
Our goal is to grow McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. to good sentences for spm essay become the leading car rental services company in Fort Lauderdale Florida which is shopping in pakistan, why we have mapped out for spm essay strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to quantum computer become a major force to reckon with in the car rental services industry. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is good sentences for spm, set to make use of the an essay on the of literature, following marketing and sales strategies to good sentences for spm essay attract clients; Introduce our car rental services business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to corporate organizations, traveling agencies, hotels, households and key stake holders in Fort Lauderdale Florida Print out fliers and an essay of literature with business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities, airports and train stations et al. Use friends and family to spread word about our business Post information about our company and good essay the services we offer on write relationships with, bulletin boards in places like schools, libraries, and local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in the newspaper, or local publication about our company and the services we offer Leverage on good for spm essay, referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our car rental services company in relevant magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and for arumentative paper radio station. Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to good sentences essay market our services Engage in direct marketing approach Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients Join local chambers of commerce and for children industry to market our services. Lastly, we need an online presence; a good website and ensure that it is Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Compliant if you intend to achieve a good number of visitors that would patronize your car rental business. The truth is sentences essay, that, a website ensures that our business remains visible to your existing and potential customers. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is established with the aim of maximizing profits in the car wash and auto detailing industry and we are going to go all the statements for arumentative paper, way out to ensure that we do all it takes to attract both individual clients and corporate clients on a regular basis. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will generate income by offering the following car rental services and other related services; Leisure car rental services Business car rental services Car leasing services Car sharing services. One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and individual clients who would need the services of car rental services company. For Spm? We are well positioned to research take on the available market in sentences for spm, Fort Lauderdale Florida and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow our car rental services business and our clientele base.
We have been able to australian constitutional critically examine the car rental services market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Below is the sentences for spm, sales projection for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc., it is based on write an essay relationships of literature, the location of our business and of course the wide range of for spm essay related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the car rental services industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and super research papers there won’t be any major competitor offering same additional dance related services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at good for spm, the same time it might be higher. Our pricing system is going to thesis on online in pakistan be based on what is obtainable in good, the car rental services industry, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and australian customized services) and we don’t intend to charge less than our competitors are offering in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to good for spm essay us. The prices of computer our services will be same as what is obtainable in the open market. At McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc., our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them.
Here are the payment options that we will make available to sentences our clients; Payment by an essay with, via bank transfer Payment via POS machine Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials so that it will be easier for clients to make payments when necessary. Car Rental Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is set to good sentences for spm create a standard for car rental services business in in english for children, Fort Lauderdale Florida and throughout the United States which is why we will go all the way to adopt and apply best practices to promote our car rental services business. Good enough, there is good sentences for spm essay, no hard and fast rule on how to constitutional advertise or promote a car rental services business. The challenge is that most car rental services companies are not as proactive as we intend to be when it comes to effective publicity and advertising. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our car rental services business. Here are the good for spm essay, platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc.; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our car wash and auto detailing business in relevant magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on research, local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to sentences for spm essay promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations in and around Fort Lauderdale Florida Leverage on constitutional law essays, direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from time to time in target communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in good sentences essay, target area Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our official vehicles are well branded with our company logo et al. On Online In Pakistan? Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) We have been able to pull cash that will be enough for us to successfully launch a standard car rental services company with fleets of for spm comfortable and reliable cars.
We will leverage on leasing opportunity as against outright purchase of cars meant for rental services. So also in the bid to cut cost, we will contract the servicing and maintenance of all our cars. These are the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in super, Fort Lauderdale Florida $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. For Spm Essay? Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,000. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $60,800.
Cost of accounting software, car tracker software apps, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing standard office facility with large space for parking our cars- $250,000. Cost for facility remodeling the facility- $70,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and utility deposits $3,500 Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, fueling, maintenance, payments of papers bills et al) $2500,000 The cost for Start-up inventory $15,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 The cost for sentences for spm the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Credit card machine, POS, tables and chairs et al): $4,000. The cost of Launching an official website: $600 The cost for our grand opening party: $5,500 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an estimate of $1.5 million to successfully launch our mobile car rental services business in Fort Lauderdale Florida US.
Generating Funding / Startup McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a business that will be owned and managed by McElroy Williams and his immediate family members. They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the australian constitutional, start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the sentences essay, startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to generate about $500,000 (Personal savings $400,000 and soft loan from on online shopping in pakistan, family members $100,000 ) and we are at good sentences, the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $1 million from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Car Rental Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. It is an established fact that, the future of a business lies in super research, the numbers of loyal customers that they have, the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of starting McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running.
We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our car rental services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to good for spm survive on lower profit margin for a while. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will make sure that the right foundation, structures and australian constitutional standard operating processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as determined by the board of the organization. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams.
Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of essay Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for an essay relationships of literature superstructure Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of sentences essay The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of thesis for arumentative paper employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed pressure washing machines and industrial cleaning equipment, electronic appliances, office appliances and bar accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – car servicing and maintenance, car dealership shops, and gas stations et al: In Progress.
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How to Write an Exceptional New-Grad Nursing Resume. Writing a new-grad nursing resume is a daunting task for most new-grads. For Spm. The fear of having no experience and being unqualified leaves many wondering what details to include. Moreover, many new-grads wonder how to structure their nursing resume in a way that best conveys their current skill-set and value to prospective employers. As former recruiters, we reviewed thousands of new-grad resumes. In this blog post, we’ll draw on that experience to provide a comprehensive guide to creating an amazing nursing resume for new-grads. How to Structure Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. How you structure your resume has an impact on thesis statements, its effectiveness. Let’s first consider which headings to include on your resume. Good For Spm. There are certain headings that every new-grad should include and other headings that will depend on whether or not you have any applicable details to include under those headings.
Headings that every new-grad nursing resume should include (Required) Every new-grad resume should include the following headings (we’ll discuss why we recommend these headings and quantum computer papers provide tips for each below): Summary Licenses and Certifications Education Clinical Rotations. Optional headings for good, your new-grad nursing resume. Each of the australian constitutional following headings should be considered and included based on whether or not you have relevant details to sentences for spm essay, include: Work History Affiliations Volunteer Activities Honors and Awards Skills Summary Languages. Now let’s take a look at the ordering of the headings. Research. Of course, your contact information should be at the top of your resume. As usual, you should place the Summary as first heading on essay, your resume.
Next, include your Licenses and Certifications if you have already obtained them. However, if you have not already obtained them, then you may want to push this heading farther down the list under your Clinical Rotations. Next, include your Education followed by your Clinical Rotations. You will undoubtedly find many who recommend that you place your Work History first. An Essay Relationships Superstructure. Moreover, placing Work History before Education is the conventional standard. As a result, it’s difficult for some to trust advice that recommends placing Education first. So, here’s our supporting argument… As a new-grad, you may not even have work experience.
If you do, it’s most likely that you don’t have applicable work experience and even if you do have applicable experience, it’s most certainly not Registered Nursing work experience. You can’t obtain RN work experience without an sentences essay, RN license and you can’t get an RN license without first graduating from an research, accredited nursing program and sentences essay passing the NCLEX. Moreover, your new-grad nursing resume should quickly convey that you are a new-grad. Quantum. There is no point in trying to hide this fact. If employers are considering new-grads for an open position, then recruiters and hiring managers are going to be receptive to good sentences for spm, your situation.
If they’re not considering new-grads for bowl papers, the opening and sentences essay are instead requiring experience for the position, then they’re not going to be receptive to your situation. You’re not going to trick them by putting your CNA or EMT work experience ahead of australian constitutional law essays, your education. Good Sentences For Spm. In fact, doing this could make your resume even less effective as reviewers receptive to new-grads may never even get to your new-grad status before passing on thesis for arumentative research paper, the resume. Perhaps more importantly, our recommendation is based on what was desired by the hiring managers we worked with. You will find corroboration for this recommendation from reputable sources all over the internet. For example, the sample new-grad resumes from California State University Chico and University of Texas San Antonio both have the headings listed in good the order we recommend. Additionally, UC Davis Medical Center requires Education, Senior Preceptorship and Clinical Rotations on the resumes of super bowl research papers, all applicants to good for spm, their nursing residency program. For further proof, let’s take a look at paper, what a hiring manager had to say about new-grad resumes. As the sentences essay Director of Workforce Development for thesis shopping in pakistan, Orange County Memorial Care University and a Board Member of the Association of California Nurse Leaders, Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS said, “It (your resume) should state where you have done your clinicals and any certifications such as EKG and ACLS. You can also include any conferences you have attended beyond the classroom.” Your Clinical Rotations and Education are key components of your new-grad resume!
That takes care of the 4 required headings. The 6 optional headings can be ranked as you see fit. For Spm. Remember, you should only include these headings if you have substantial details to convey. And you may want to rank them in order of strength as they relate to the job in papers question. For example, if you have experience working as a CNA in a hospital setting, then your Work History should be given a higher ranking because it highly relates to the job you’re applying for. Specific Details to Include on Your New-grad Nursing Resume. You’ll undoubtedly come across many people who recommend that new-grads use an Objective instead of good sentences for spm essay, a Summary on their resumes. The argument is that you really have nothing to summarize as a new-grad. However, we think that Objectives are an in english, outdated resume heading that do nothing to advance your main objective of conveying why you’re the right person for the job. Moreover, you can include an good sentences, objective within a summary if you’re intent on having one. Here are three articles from major publications that support summaries over objectives:
Now, you may have heard that recruiters spend 6 seconds reviewing your resume. Law Essays. While we doubt that they really spend that little time reviewing each resume, we certainly believe that the time they spend is very limited. Sentences For Spm Essay. Therefore, your goal is to make sure your resume can be easily scanned, starting with your Summary. You do not want recruiters getting stuck on your Summary by writing a big paragraph. Instead, use bullet points and try to keep each point at 1 to 2 lines . As for what to include in research your Summary…It’s a good idea to state that you’re a new-grad. You might summarize your clinical rotations. You may point out any special skills that you have, like second languages or computer skills. Good Sentences For Spm Essay. And, as mentioned previously, you may include an write an essay on the relationships, objective. We recommend listing each license and certification with the following information: Full name of the license or certification. Full name of the issuing body of the license or certification.
Expiration date of the license or certification if applicable. License or certification number if applicable. If your license is part of the Nursing Licensure Compact, then it should be indicated. Many nurses express privacy concerns over including their license numbers. Your nursing license number is made public through the state licensing board.
It can easily be obtained using the basic information you provide on your resume. Adding it simply assists those recruiters and hiring managers who need to good sentences for spm, look it up for verification as a result of hospital/employer policy. Education for Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. You should display all of your relevant college education. So if you attended 2 colleges to attain your degree, then you should include them both. Please do not include your high school education. We recommend including the following information for each pertinent education institution you attended:
Full official name of the education institution. City and State Dates attended. Degree achieved. GPA if it was good. There are several other details in addition to these that you may want to include regarding your education. We’ve had many new-grads inform us that in their area, employers were interested in knowing their HESI or ATI scores. We recommend checking with your Nurse Educators or your school’s Career Guide to write an essay, see what they recommend.
You may also wish to include relevant coursework and corresponding grades if you got an A. However, keep this brief and relevant to the job you’re applying for. Finally, you may wish to include any honors and good for spm awards you achieved if you would rather not place these items under their own heading. Clinical Rotations on Your New-Grad Nursing Resume. Clinical Rotations are an computer research papers, extremely important part of your new-grad nursing resume. As illustrated above, hiring managers indicate that they want to see these details. Major teaching universities require that they be included on resumes submitted for good, their residency programs. Thesis On Online In Pakistan. We consider them the crux of your new-grad resume. At a minimum, you should include the following:
Details to include about your clinical rotations. Type of for spm, experience (Clinical Rotation, Senior Preceptorship, other). Start and end dates. Total number of thesis shopping, hours worked. For Spm Essay. Name of the super research papers hospital or institution. City and State.
Name of the unit/department (examples: Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Medical Surgical Unit (MS), Labor and for spm Delivery Unit (LD)). One common mistake to avoid when listing the name of the unit is listing the hospital specific unit name. For example, the hospital specific unit name might be 3-West, but nobody outside the hospital knows what that means. Instead, list the type of unit it was as designated by the type of patients the quantum computer research unit took. In addition to the details above, we also recommend including the following information:
Optional details to include about your clinical rotations. Facility type: Every facility has a technical designation. For example, most hospitals are “Acute Care Hospitals”. Good Sentences. Other designations include Long Term Care Facility, Long Term Acute Care Facility, Children’s Hospital, etc. Listing the facility type lets the reader know without a doubt what the setting was. Number of beds in the facility. List the facility’s trauma designation if applicable. If the facility was a teaching hospital, then include that information. Number of write an essay on the of literature with superstructure, beds on the unit you were assigned to. Trauma designation of the unit you were assigned to if applicable.
Age range of the patients the unit cared for if applicable. Nurse to patient ratio on the unit. Sentences. Type of charting system used at the facility and name of any EMR/EHR you gained experience with. Papers. The grade you received if it was an A. As you may have noticed, many of the details we recommend are technical details pertaining to the facility and good sentences unit. These details convey so much about the write superstructure setting you were in and the good for spm essay experiences you were exposed to with very few words. So including them provides the reader with a ton of useful information. Thesis. Additionally, it demonstrates that you understand how import these details are to any healthcare organization, otherwise, you wouldn’t have listed them.
Additional options for highlighting your clinical rotations. Finally, you may also wish to good for spm, include specific details about the super papers experience you gained while engaged with your clinical rotations. For example, did you have any experiences that might make you a more attractive candidate to the prospective employer? Did you learn anything specific about compassion for patients, team work, the importance of learning and sentences growth as a new-grad RN? If you did, then try to offer the specifics to in english for children, illustrate exactly what happened. You may also be able to relate your clinical rotation experience to specific goals or problems of the employer you’re applying to. For example, maybe your research on sentences for spm, the prospective employer turns up the fact that they’re seeking Magnet Status. If one of the facilities that you worked at during your rotations was seeking to achieve the same goal, then you may be able to super bowl research, find some way to relate your experience to it.
Or, perhaps the prospective employer is trying to improve their HCAHPS score and one of the for spm facilities you worked at just achieved success with a similar endeavor. There are limitless possibilities with this option. The main idea is to try and relate your experience during clinical rotations to a real problem or goal faced by the prospective employer. At this point, we’ve covered each of our recommended required headings. As you may have noticed, we’ve offered tons of options. So many that if you were to incorporate them all, then your resume would either be too crowded or too many pages. However, many of the details we offer are simply for your consideration. It’s not required to include them all. So pick and an essay on the of literature choose the ones that work best for you by researching the job in question and determining which details will be of most value to essay, the prospective employer. Optional Details for australian constitutional, Your New-grad Nursing Resume.
As indicated above, each of the for spm following headings are optional for thesis shopping, your new-grad resume. You should decide whether or not to use them based on good for spm, whether or not you have applicable details to provide for them. An Essay On The Relationships With. Let’s take a brief look at each of them. If you have work history, which most college students these days do, then you should probably include some reference to for spm essay, it on your resume. Thesis Statements Research Paper. Try your best to convey how the experience relates to nursing. Good Sentences For Spm. This will be a lot easier to do if the experience was healthcare related. If all else fails, offer concrete examples of how you excelled at essay in english for children, time management, team work, compassion, service, collaboration, or communication. One important issue to good sentences for spm, consider regarding work history is stability. Thesis On Online In Pakistan. Many college students work several jobs during their college career for any number of reasons. Too many short term stints may exhibit instability to prospective employers who are about to devote a large amount of sentences essay, resources to you.
So you may want to thesis statements, explain short-term work stints or leave them off of your resume. You should definitely use the Affiliations heading if you are already a member of a professional organization related to essay, nursing. For example, if you’re a member of the for arumentative American Association of Critical Care Nurses, then prospective employers will want to know. You may also include relevant college organizations such as Sigma Theta Tau, or the Student Nurses Association. Of course, if the only organizations you belong to are scholastic, then you may choose to include them under your Education heading to save space. When listing your affiliations, consider including the following details: Full name of the good organization. Date joined. Your designation within the organization. Any special duties. Organization conferences attended.
Including Volunteer Activities is a great way to demonstrate compassion. Computer Papers. You may have volunteered for charity or at good, a healthcare facility. Consider including the following details: Full name of the law essays organization. Good For Spm. Dates of engagement. Quantify the number of hours volunteered. In English For Children. Description of duties and results you achieved if applicable. Any awards or recognition you received.
If you have received many honors and for spm essay awards, then giving them a special place on your resume may be warranted. Thesis Shopping In Pakistan. The other option is to mix them in throughout your resume where applicable. Consider including the following details: Name or title of the award. Date received. Organization received from. Significance of the essay award, or reason it was received.
For most new-grads, a Skills Summary heading may not be warranted. Constitutional Law Essays. Skills summaries are intended to convey proficiency with specific skills. Good. As a new-grad, you most likely haven’t achieved proficiency with any aspect of nursing. However, if you have experience in bowl a healthcare setting, then you may indeed be proficient with relevant skills. For example, you may be certified in phlebotomy or Crisis Prevention. Sentences Essay. In any case, if you haven’t achieved proficiency, then you may be better served by listing skills as details under the essay heading that pertains to where the skills were practiced. Additionally, you might consider utilizing a Skills Checklist during your job search. Sentences For Spm Essay. In case you’re not familiar, Skills Checklists are documents that allow healthcare professionals to self-assess their skills pertaining to a specific profession or specialty within a profession. They are commonly used by healthcare employers of computer, all types to gauge their employees’ skill sets. BluePipes has over 100 comprehensive skills checklists that you can complete, save and download at your convenience. You can print them out and take them to job interviews in order to good essay, easily convey your level of expertise with hundreds of skills.
Again, as a new-grad, it’s not advised to constitutional law essays, utilize a checklist for a nursing specialty like Intensive Care Unit because you most likely won’t have the required expertise. However, if you have experience as a CNA, Phlebotomist, or LPN, then you could use one of those checklists as a way to stand out from the crowd. These checklists are free to use on BluePipes. So, join today to take advantage! A recent study by Wanted Analytics found that “bilingual” was the second most common skill listed on nursing job postings in the United States. If you speak multiple languages, then it’s definitely recommended that you include them under their own special heading! What Hiring Managers and good sentences for spm essay Job Postings are Looking for in New-Grad RNs.
It’s important to remember that experience, temperament, talents, and australian convictions vary from person to person. Sentences Essay. While all new-grads may share certain commonalities, they are all unique in their own ways. Quantum. Similarly, it’s fine for good essay, new-grad resumes to share certain commonalities, but each should be unique in super research papers it’s own way. As you’ve seen, we have strong opinions on the structure of your resume and we provide many recommendations on various details to include. However, we’re not writing the resume for sentences for spm essay, you. In fact, we strongly recommend against bowl papers, the boiler-plate phrases that have become so common as a result of online resume builders. So, when it comes to the meat of for spm essay, your resume, let the thesis paper words of good sentences for spm, hiring managers and job postings guide your efforts. In other words, find ways to relate your unique experiences to what hiring managers and job postings are looking for. And always strive to provide concrete examples as opposed to generalizations. Assuming that you’re applying for thesis on online shopping, a job through a job posting (as opposed to networking for a job), you should do your best to optimize your resume for the Applicant Tracking System (ATS).
We’ve covered how to do this in a previous blog post, so we won’t rehash it here. The bottom line is that you want to naturally include the key buzzwords and phrases used in the job posting in your resume. This way, you’re ranked higher by the ATS. Of course, you’re probably wondering what hiring managers are looking for! We’ve provided some examples above, but below are some direct quotes we found from interviews posted online.
These quotes validate what our own experience as recruiters taught us. “Knowing that new nurses are very green in regards to their technical skills, we look to whether a nurse is really ready to step into the profession. For Spm Essay. We are looking for those who are really interested in making life better for people who are suffering.” Kimberly Horton, MSN, RN, FNP, DHA, Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer at Mercy Hospital and Mercy Southwest Hospital in thesis in pakistan Bakersfield, California. “We expect our new nurse graduates to have the basic fundamental nursing knowledge and we are also looking for sentences essay, compassion, a sense of teamwork, accountability and thesis on online shopping communication. We look for an attitude of collaboration and communication.” Maria-Jean Caterinicchio, RN, MS, Director of good sentences for spm essay, Workforce Development for Orange County Memorial Care University and for children Board Member of the for spm essay Association of California Nurse Leaders (ACNL) Always side on patient safety first. Be open to feedback. Use your resources, such as more experienced nurses, physicians and other members of essay for children, your team. This will also help you build a support system.
Always ask questions when you are unsure or don’t know something. Discuss your feelings and/or concerns with your unit leadership. From the first day on the job, be a team player. Greg Kingsley, RN, New Grad Nurse Recruiter, Emory Healthcare. With all of for spm essay, this in write an essay mind, it’s important to good sentences for spm, remember that there is australian no one correct way to create your resume. We certainly hope this guide provides an idea of best practices as well as an idea of what you shouldn’t do. Perhaps most importantly, it’s important to remember that your resume is good for spm just one facet of your job search. And while your resume is important, the single most important thing you can do to land that first job, or any job for that matter, is NETWORK!
Estimates indicate 70% to 80% of statements for arumentative research, all jobs are filled through networking. And it’s always best to operate with the “80-20 rule” in mind. For Spm. In other words, make sure that you’re focusing on networking as your main job-search activity because it’s most often the essay in english for children determining factor in good for spm success. That’s why we created BluePipes in the first place…to give healthcare professionals a professional networking platform capable of providing unique career management tools designed to help them solve their unique career challenges. Join today, it’s free and write an essay relationships of literature with superstructure easy! 5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the Job Market A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us.
How to Write an for spm essay, Effective Nursing Resume Summary Writing an effective nursing resume summary is in pakistan easier said than. 8 Things Every Nurse Ought to Know About Online Nursing Job Applications Applying online is the good sentences for spm essay norm for nursing jobs. We provide. So my situation is a little different. Constitutional Law Essays. I’ve been a Dental Assistant most of my life and decided to change careers. I have now achieved my RN. But it took me a lot longer than a traditional ADN program is good for spm essay supposed to take. I had an “issue” at the first school I started the nursing program at shopping, and ended up needing to find another school to complete the program. Essay. Is this something I should include in my resume (as I see it as a negative thing) or how do I incorporate it to benefit my appearance? I don’t want to leave out info that can hurt me but I’m wondering if the info can hurt me if included.
I agree with Kyle. List out your clinicals. Add a targeted bullet point under each one that relates to an essay of literature with superstructure, the job you are applying for. Learn about ATS. Read the sentences essay job posting. What words are on there most? What qualifications MUST you have? What qualifications do they PREFER? All the ones you have – write them down.
Yes, use their words. Also read their mission and values. Look through their website. Encorporate their values with yours. A great place to do this is in your cover letter. What do you recommend to someone like me whose 19 years old.
Has no work experience, this is my first career.. Quantum Papers. my resume would be completely blank pretty much. I know you said don’t include high school education.. buts that’s pretty much the only thing I’ve “accomplished” so far, I was an honor student, GPA 3.9, Received an for spm, award for academic excellence all 4 years, advanced diploma. Super Bowl Papers. And currently my GPA is sentences for spm 3.5, I haven’t graduated yet but will in OCT, 2016 with my associates degree in nursing. An Essay On The Relationships Of Literature. I’m applying to a new graduate residency program now, that will start in February. Please HELP! #128577; how can I make my resume better?
Thanks for the inquiry Glenda. Most of the sentences applicants to new graduate residency programs have similar circumstances. Quantum Research Papers. To make your resume stand out, be sure to include the details described above regarding your various experiences including clinical rotations and sentences essay education. You’re welcome to include your high school education. However, chances are it will not be considered. In English. Just remember that most candidates are going to be in the same boat, so making sure you provide all the details hospitals like to see (as described above) will help you stand out. I hope this helps!
Great article! Finally people are talking about New Graduate Registered Nurses and the job search!! The Struggle is VERY real for new, old, reentry, and RN’s seeking a new specialty! Especially in oversaturated markets like California. I invite anybody who is seeking a job to good sentences, join our Facebook Group RNInterview Tools. https://www.facebook.com/groups/PlayingTheGame/ All are invited to share what worked for them, post questions, and australian constitutional seek support from good for spm essay others who understand. Members are landing job offers all over and we could not be more thrilled. I definitely shared this article and have shared others from write with Blue Pipes in for spm the past.
Thank you for assisting all of us Nurses in our quest. Glad to hear the article is useful and thanks for sharing, Melissa! Help! I just graduated in May 2016 and got hired as an RN in a hospital. Unfortunately, I resigned after a month as I felt so overwhelmed in the unit I was assigned to. Should I include that one month experience in my resume? Thanks for sharing, Aleli and sorry to research, hear about the difficulties. This is a tough situation.
I believe most career consultants would recommend leaving the job off of your resume. This is for spm essay because you’ll most certainly be required to explain the short duration in any interview. Moreover, the duration was so short that many employers wouldn’t even require an quantum papers, explanation for the gap in employment. That said, you may want to consider the instructions on job applications. Essay. Some hospitals have very stringent rules for quantum, entering work history on their applications. For example, they might require every employer for the past 7 years to good essay, be entered on on online shopping, the application regardless of duration and sentences essay also require applicants to quantum, provide an explanation of good for spm essay, any gaps in employment of greater than 1 month. There will be a signing statement in the application indicating you attest the information is accurate and complete. Write Relationships Of Literature With. If they find out you left the job off the application, it could result in sentences for spm essay a rescinded job offer. Although the papers chances of for spm, this happening are slim. I hope this information helps!
Nursing is my second career. I taught elementary school before this. Should I include my education for computer research, that? Also, should I include teaching school in my work history? I taught for eight years in the same school, so it’s a good example that I can hold a job long term. Thanks! Congratulations on your new career, Priscilla. Previous work history and for spm education are both optional for your new-grad nursing resume. In your case, I highly recommend including them both as they are both excellent experiences to super, display.
However, be sure to keep them brief in good for spm order to quantum research papers, highlight your nursing skills. Good Sentences Essay. I hope this helps! Hello, I was wondering how do I include my phlebotomy certification on computer, my resume if it doesn’t have an expiration date? If you are formatting your own resume, you can simply add the license without expiration dates. However, I’m wondering if you’re using BluePipes to format your resume? Please let me know if so.
Thanks! Hi i’m just wondering do you have an good sentences essay, example resume with all the information you have listed here for in english for children, preview? thank you! My apologies, but we don’t have a sample. We’ll work on creating though. Good Sentences Essay. Thanks!
How about information on building a new-grad RN Cover letter? When listing previous certifications and licenses, should you list the in english initial date of obtainment or expiration/ renewal date? Also, regarding Applicant Tracking System, what is the rule regarding parenthesis ()? I ask because in my certifications I have ACLS, PALS, and a bunch of other alphabet soup acronyms. Sentences For Spm Essay. Should I use (ACLS) after Advanced Cardiac Life Support? Good questions! There are no steadfast rules, but we recommend listing the expiration dates. On our resume builder, licenses are listed with both the acronym and name. For example: ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support.
That said, most resume parsers are quite advanced these days, so they should be able to contextualize what is meant by “(ACLS)”. However, as illustrated above, it’s not necessary to use the super research papers parentheses if you don’t want to. I hope this helps! Help! I work in a long term care nursing facility as an RN for about a year and half now. This is my first nursing job and nursing is good essay my second career. Statements For Arumentative Research Paper. What can you suggest in writing my resume?
Are my clinical rotations still relevant? Thanks. There isn’t a steadfast rule that applies to your question. I think it’s fair to say that most recruiters and nursing career advisers would say that your clinical rotations shouldn’t be added to your resume after a year and a half of working in an LYC facility. That said, you might still list it in an effort to land a job in a new-grad training program.
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ptsd case study war PTSD symptoms in World War II veterans. The Australasian Journal of Disaster. and Trauma Studies. PTSD symptoms in World War II veterans. Little is known about the psychological effects of war service on Australian World War II veterans. Eighty-eight survivors of good essay, one of the war's most intense actions responded to a survey asking for their recollections of the battle, and for a description of its affect upon them. Many said that they had yet to recover from the experience. Essay In English? Large numbers indicated continuing ill effects.
These included nightmares, sleeplessness, negative imagery, flashbacks, problems with concentration, weeping, generalized anxiety, and distress caused by for spm essay situations recalling the battle. Thesis Shopping? Many commented that they had never talked to anyone about their war experiences, or the effects of these experiences. Good For Spm Essay? Only two veterans reported seeking or receiving any treatment for their symptoms. PTSD symptoms in World War II veterans. World War II combat exposure has been shown to affect long-term mental and shopping physical health.
For example Elder, Shanahan and good Clipp (1997) reported combat exposure predicted physical decline and death in bowl papers the 15 years after the war. In addition, a longitudinal study of Harvard University alumni found 56% of World War II veterans who experienced heavy combat were chronically ill or dead by age 65 (Lee, Vaillant, Torrey Elder, 1995). Research with World War II (Lee, Vaillant, Torrey Elder, 1995) and Vietnam (Pitman, Altman Macklin, 1989) veterans also suggests combat veterans are at risk of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and degree of for spm, combat exposure influences the severity of PTSD. In English? According to good DSM-IV (APA, 1994), PTSD has three clusters of symptoms: arousal, re-experiencing and avoidance. Arousal symptoms include irritability or outbursts of anger, difficulty concentrating, and sleep disturbance. Re-experiencing symptoms include flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, nightmares, and emotional distress or physiological arousal when reminded of the trauma. Avoidance symptoms include avoiding thinking of the event or reminders of the event, low interest in activities, detachment or distance from others, and emotional numbing. Combat veterans typically report symptoms in all these areas. In addition, the effects of combat-related PTSD appear to in english for children be long lasting. For example, Hamilton and Workman (1998) describe their persistence in a veteran 75 years after World War I. Moreover, World War II veterans seem reluctant to seek treatment.
A study of Dutch veterans conducted 47 years after the war found that 59% of those still suffering PTSD had not seen any health care professional in the last three years (Bramsen van der Ploeg, 1999). The health of veterans exposed to heavy combat is clearly an issue, and the mental health of Vietnam veterans has been a topic of academic interest and sentences humanitarian concern for quantum computer papers, many years (e.g., Creamer, Jackson Ball, 1996; Kulka et al., 1990). In contrast, there has been little follow-up of World War II combat veterans, particularly in sentences essay Australia. The aim of this study is therefore to describe the quantum research mental health of a sample of good sentences for spm essay, these veterans. As other evidence suggests they may be reluctant to seek help for symptoms of mental ill health or PTSD, this research sought information from the veteran community rather than a treatment-seeking sample. The Isurava battle took place on the Kokoda Track in Papua in August 1942. Isurava lies high in the jungle several days walk and climb from Port Moresby. Write An Essay Of Literature With? The terrain is steep. The weather is extremely hot during the day, and wet and cold at sentences for spm night. There, sections of two Australian infantry battalions, consisting of less than 700 men, fought a four-day battle with approximately 10,000 Japanese before being forced to withdraw toward Moresby. The battle was strategically significant to Australia's defence.
However, the fighting was intense, and its cost in human terms was enormous. Five hundred and research forty six men of one battalion started up the Track. Five weeks later 87 came out. One hundred and sixteen had been killed, and many of good, their bodies have never been found. The rest were wounded or cut off trying to write an essay on the relationships with superstructure make their way out of the jungle. In 2000 a group of seven veterans from the two battalions travelled with a support team to good sentences essay PNG to attempt to an essay of literature superstructure identify the for spm battle site. The veterans' Battalion Associations supported the survey. Part sponsorship was provided by a national magazine, which asked for thesis for arumentative paper, a report on the trip.
Using lists provided by the battalion associations, battalion members were written to good sentences for spm individually. In Pakistan? The cover letter explained the good for spm information provided might be used in on the relationships of literature with a report to the magazine, and also in academic research. Veterans were asked to sentences for spm either write as much or as little as they wanted, or ring the researcher. In addition to quantum computer research papers questions relating to battle experiences, the veterans were asked open-ended questions such as #147;When did the for spm essay action end for quantum computer research, you, and sentences for spm how?#148;; #147;Tell me about what happened when you came out. How long did it take you to recover (if you have)#148;; and #147;How did what happened in the Kokoda Track and Isurava areas affect you later?#148; Responses were received from 116 veterans aged from 75 to 91 years. For Children? Eighty eight had participated in the battles along the Kokoda Track. Most responses were written. Answers varied from a few lines to essay 76 single-spaced typewritten pages. Some sent additional material.
Some potential respondents rang the researcher and essay asked if they could speak on the telephone. Some both wrote and rang. Some asked if they could tape record their memories and send them to the researcher. Others asked if the researcher would visit them and tape record an interview. In all cases the researcher agreed to good sentences the requests. The results that follow are a qualitative report of the veterans' descriptions of their mental health. Several consistent mental health effects emerged. Veterans most frequently reported problems with concentration, sleep disturbance, nightmares, flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, and emotional distress.
Many reported actively avoiding reminders of the event. Several veterans reported chronic problems of constitutional law essays, concentration. For example, #147; I was discharged in September 1945 and returned to my job, but could not settle down and left the job in October 1946, returning to my old trade. That job did not last long either#133;#148;. Good Essay? Another veteran said #147;As for my time, after being discharged, I was hopeless. Quantum Research? Couldn't settle down, although had a wonderful wife, two lovely kids#133;#148; Ongoing sleep disturbances and nightmares were also common. For example, #147;I guess none of us have fully got over good sentences for spm essay the time we were away.
I suffer from nerves and anxiety; sleepless nights and most nights lay awake and think about the whole rotten episode in my life#148;. Another veteran said #147;I took my memories of ghastly experiences on a refresher course every time I saw war pictures on television, and never slept well#148;. Ongoing nightmares were also reported. One man commented #147;I still suffer nightmares out of this. I went away fit and came back not very fit#133;#148;. Another stated #147;You never really get it our of your mind. Papers? In my case, I still have dreams#133;I often wonder how I went through that horrific maelstrom and came out good alive#148;. A third reported the outcome of seeking compensation for these recurring nightmares #147;I tried to convince the australian law essays Repat. Dept that I should be given a little pension to balance out good for spm these nightmares and illnesses, but after quite a lot of medical exams by Repat. In English For Children? doctors, I was virtually called a bludger, so I told them to get stuffed! Repat. did accept me for one thing though #150; tinea #150; for Christ sake!#148;.
Some veterans reported still suffering from flashbacks and distress caused by situations that recall the battle. For example, one recalled #147;Working in the garden when wet, I sometimes get back the stench of blood and death#148;. For another #147;Not a day goes by it all comes back again#133; The sick, wounded in hospital who could not walk#133;. I can still hear their screams as the good for spm Japs killed them#133;I came home broken in mind, body, and shopping spirit and essay it all still comes back again#133;#148;. And a third #147;I've never got over in english for children it#133; just worked really hard to try to get around it. One day I saw a green fly #133; I couldn't stop shaking. Sentences Essay? I had to go inside and sit down.
The last time I'd seen a green fly was going in and out of the australian ears of good for spm essay, dead Japanese#148;. One veteran noted #147;I was quite unable to sleep in a closed room for many years #150; had to have the door open#148;; and super bowl another said #147;The humidity caused me to have a constant headache and fingers and toes, and under my armpits would stick together. This effect is still with me today, cannot use an electric blanket or a sleeping bag without getting claustrophobia#148;. Negative imagery and intrusive thoughts were also frequently reported. One respondent recalled #147;There is one thing #133;I cannot get out of my mind. S., 17? yrs old, and I laid on the ground, when a mountain gun shell fell on S.'s side. When I looked up, he had half his foot hanging off and good holes in his back. How I got him down to the track, I do not know, when I got my senses back, the doctor was cutting off part of his foot, with an army knife#148;. Another veteran wrote #147;I have never really been free in my mind of my experiences of war endured during my time in New Guinea.
You ask how long it took to super research recover. Well, not yet as I still have my retracing steps of how, why#148;. For yet another: #147;How did one survive all the trauma, death? I am afraid it is an good essay, on-going question #150; something one cannot explain to people who were not there#148;. Others commented #147;I try to cast the gory details from my mind but that's hard when you can still see your dead mates laying there#148;; #147;It will always be in my thoughts#148;; #147;Really, it's always on my mind day in and day out to see always those young Australians lying under all those white crosses#133; My mind always goes back to the big battle we fought#133; That's constantly in my memory#148;; #147;I have never really been free in my mind of my experiences of war endured during my time in New Guinea#133; I was wounded behind the Japanese lines#133; That night is my constant companion#148;. Other responses also highlighted the continuing effects of the battle. An officer worried #147;I for one have never fully recovered. Australian? I started out for spm essay with eight men and on online in pakistan I came out essay with three. Was I a bad leader or were the odds too great?#133;#148;.
An infantryman said #147;At the start I weighed 10 stones. Essay In English For Children? When we came out of the valley, it was 6? stones. It seemed like a nightmare that never ended. my nerves are bad#133;as the sentences essay years passed by these conditions worsened. The war years have left its mark on us. #148;. Another reported #147;I had a bright future planned . My doctor advised me to statements for arumentative research retire when I was 60 years of age. He was very concerned re my mental state. Gone was the future I had fought for#133;#148;. Another said #147;I have not recovered from the memories of Kokoda and Isurava and was unable to sentences essay work because of a bout of war neurosis in 1948 for six months#148;.
Others responded in a similar vein. For example #147;The effects#133; will live with me forever. It's always with me. Super Research Papers? I lost several mates killed, others wounded, a special mate committed suicide, which was devastating. #148;. Another commented #147;You ask how long it took to sentences essay recover. Well, not yet as I still have my retracing steps of how, why#148;. Some veterans attempted to explain these outcomes. For example, one noted #147;I am quite sure that everyone who has endured almost total physical and an essay on the emotional exhaustion, almost total starvation and a considerable all embracing fear for extended periods as we did in those dreadful mountains, and then do it all again a few weeks later at Gona, never fully recovers to good essay be his former self, regardless of subsequent treatment and conditions.
I believe his emotional capacity is in some ways restricted, and that probably he is, in some ways, a little crazy#148;. Yet, despite the severity of their symptoms, the veterans often commented that they never talked about their war experiences, or sought help. Essay? One said #147;I could never speak about my experience to anybody and do not like to think about it. It was so depressing#148;. Another noted #147;It was very bad, very bad#133; I wrote down what I could.
I couldn't remember everything. And I've never told anyone about it you see. This is the first time I've ever mentioned what I went through#133;#148;. A third explained #147;It has taken a long time to good for spm essay be able to australian constitutional law essays talk about things that happened, even now, I see those lads at Kokoda every night, some were only 17 years old#148;. Only two veterans reported seeking or receiving any treatment for their symptoms. One explanation is that stories of the sentences for spm Repatriation Department's failure to acknowledge some men's symptoms as legitimate outcomes of law essays, war service (as in the example of the good veteran seeking a pension for recurring nightmares) may have dissuaded others from seeking help. Another explanation perhaps comes from the quantum computer papers tape made by one veteran. Sentences For Spm? After describing his experiences, he notes, #147;Many many years have rolled on since those wartime days. Bowl Research Papers? There's an good sentences, old saying of super papers, mine.
Try to good forget. Try to forget those five and write an essay on the relationships with a half years service we gave in for spm essay wartime to our country. Try to thesis on online shopping in pakistan forget it. Don't stretch the wounds. Don't stretch the scars. Let the good for spm wounds heal. Let the wounds heal.#148; Despite the latter veteran's hope that war experiences could be forgotten, it is clear that for relationships superstructure, many veterans the memories linger. Thoughts of battle experiences interrupt their waking hours, and make sleep difficult. In addition, veterans' descriptions of the effects of their war service are congruent with the three clusters of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms: arousal, re-experiencing and avoidance. Yet most veterans in essay this study see these symptoms as a natural outcome of war service.
They do not speak of their experiences, or admit to the symptoms during their everyday lives. Nor have they sought any form of treatment. One reason may be that treatment which requires conscious recollection and description of their experiences may seem worse than the current spontaneous recollections. Veterans' desires not to talk about their experiences may extend to write on the relationships of literature the therapeutic context. Another possibility is for spm that the veterans of this era place a high value on independence and super bowl research papers self-reliance. Sentences Essay? A study of Dutch World War II veterans found the desire to solve problems independently was a common reason for not seeking professional help for PTSD symptoms (Bramsen van der Ploeg, 1999).
Therefore they may be hoping that they can control their symptoms themselves. A third option is that they may accept the psychological consequences of war in the same way they accepted the reality of write superstructure, war, and its physical consequences. They carry the sentences for spm essay mental scars in the same way as they would carry physical scars. This study did not have the in pakistan rigour normally expected of scientific research. Good Sentences Essay? No well-validated instruments were used to assess well-being or impairment. An Essay On The Relationships Of Literature Superstructure? No follow-up mechanism was used to increase response rates and compliance. There was no standardized response format #150; veterans answered whatever questions they wanted to answer, and told their story in their own words. They were also encouraged to use whatever response form suited them #150; written, taped, or in a face-to-face interview with the researcher. However, the responses show that the psychological well-being of many veterans is good sentences essay affected by a battle which took place 60 years ago. Yet there is no evidence that respondents would welcome intervention strategies.
Perhaps the best that can be hoped for is that those dealing with this generation will better understand the reasons for some of their behaviour and emotions. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of quantum research, mental disorders (4 th . Ed.). Washington DC: APA. Bramsen, I., van der Ploeg, H.M. (1999). Sentences Essay? Use of on online shopping, medical and mental health care by World War II survivors in good sentences for spm essay The Netherlands. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12, 243-261.
Creamer, M., Jackson, A., Ball, R. (1996). A profile of help-seeking Australian veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 9 , 569-575. Elder, G.H., Shanahan, M.J., Clipp, E.C. (1995). Linking combat and write an essay relationships superstructure physical health: The legacy of World War II in sentences men's lives. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154 , 330-336. Hamilton, J.D., Workman, R.H. Thesis On Online Shopping? (1998). Persistence of combat-related posttraumatic stress symptoms for 75 years. Good For Spm? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11, 763-768. Kulka, R.A., Schlenger, W.E., Fairbank, J.A., Hough, R.L., Jordon, B.K., Marmer, C.R., Weiss, D.S. (1990).
Trauma and the Vietnam war generation. New York: Brunner/Mazel. Lee, K.A., Vaillant, G.E., Torrey, W.C., Elder, G.H. (1995). A 50-year prospective study of the psychological sequelae of World War II combat. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(4 ), 516-522. Pitman, R., Altman, B., Macklin, M. (1989).
Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in wounded Vietnam veterans. American Journal of in english for children, Psychiatry, 146 , 667-669.
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13 helpful email templates you can use while job searching. The one thing we are all likely using in the job hunt is email. Yet between cover letters, resumes, interviews, and networking, it#8217;s easy to for spm, underestimate how this tool can help us find great opportunities. Below are a few sample emails to for arumentative research, keep handy during your job search. Before jumping in, keep these tips in mind: Good emails are specific, short, and often mention some common ground so the reader is compelled to good for spm, help out.
The email is often the last step in a larger process of doing research, reflecting on what you want, and thesis on online, planning your overall job search plan. The articles that accompany the examples often give more advice and information on how to reach out and plan more effectively before and after you send the email. Sometimes the subject line can be more challenging to write than the sentences for spm email itself! While a few of the samples below have subject lines included, Business Insider offers tips for subject lines for for arumentative general emailing and for job applications. These are just examples; tweak according to position, needs, your personality, and your relationship to the sender. If you need help figuring out your next steps: Ask your friends for for spm insights on your strengths and weaknesses. Here#8217;s what to thesis statements paper, say, from sentences, pop*forms: I am working on improving myself, personally and at work, and you are someone whose opinion I truly value. If you are willing, I would be so appreciative if you would answer some or all of the questions below to help me gain some insight into my strengths and the things I do best. I really appreciate it, and would be happy to do the same for you if you’d like! What do you think is research papers, my greatest strength How would you describe my style What do you think I should let go of When do you feel that I am at my best. If you want to tell your network that you#8217;re looking for new opportunities: Be clear about what you are looking for and your expertise.
Here#8217;s what to say from Jenny Blake: As I dive into the job search across the country , I’d love it if you could keep your eyes open for people I could connect with and/or positions that might be a fit for me. Below is a bit about my background and what I’m looking for, and you can view my full resume on LinkedIn . These are a few of my ideal scenarios, but if anything related comes to you please keep me in mind! If you want to tell specific people that you#8217;re looking for new opportunities: If you have specific people in mind whom you think could be especially helpful in your search, send tailored emails. Here#8217;s what to say from the Daily Muse: I hope all is well! I saw the photos of the good conference you held last month on Facebook—it looked like a fantastic event.
I’m reaching out because I’m currently seeking a new position. As you know, I have been Smith PR for almost three years, but I’m ready for a new challenge in the tech PR world. I know that you used to do work for Ogilvy, which is on my short list of dream companies. Do you still have any contacts there, and if so, is there someone that might be willing to do an papers informational interview with me? Any introductions you could make would be greatly appreciated. Sentences Essay? Read the rest of the email and the advice on the Daily Muse. Super Bowl Research? They also have a great example of a thank you email to send to people who have offered you advice or information about opportunities. If you#8217;re about to good sentences for spm, submit a job application: Always follow directions and submit your application accordingly. If you are sending all of your materials as an attachment, mention what#8217;s included, position you are applying for, and contact information. Here#8217;s an example from the University of write on the of literature superstructure Minnesota: I am a first year law student at the University of Minnesota Law School applying for a summer clerkship with your firm. I have attached the for spm essay resume, cover letter and transcript that you requested to thesis on online, this email.
If you have questions or need more information, you may reach me through the phone number or email below. I look forward to for spm essay, hearing from you, If you want to inquire about the status of your application: Wait about two weeks before sending a follow up email and demonstrate your interest, not asking for a response, says hiring expert Alison Green. Here#8217;s what she recommends you say: I recently applied for your __ position, and I just wanted to reiterate my strong interest. I think it might be a great match, and computer research, I#8217;d love to talk with you about good sentences it when you#8217;re ready to australian constitutional, begin scheduling interviews. If you want to sentences essay, say #8220;Thank You#8221; after a job interview: The key here is to reference something that came up specifically in write on the of literature with, the interview. Here#8217;s an example from good for spm, Berkeley Law School: Thank you for taking the time to quantum papers, meet with me this past Tuesday. After speaking with you and for spm essay, learning more about the structure of Blank, Blank#8217;s summer program, I am even more enthusiastic about the possibility of write working at Blank, Blank next summer.
I particularly enjoyed hearing about your work in representing several Latin American companies in trade-related matters. Essay? Read the rest of the email and advice from Berkeley Law School. Also, Career Services at West Virginia University provides examples of research papers what to good sentences essay, say if you want to add more information (say, a sample of your work) or address a question that came up in the interview. If you want to follow up after a job interview: If you haven#8217;t heard from an super research papers employer and the interviewer has given you a timeline, Alison Green recommends this email: Hi Jane, you’d mentioned that you were hoping to be ready to move forward on the Communications Manager position by the end of the month, so I wanted to check in with you. I’m very interested in the role, even more so after our last conversation, and would love to for spm, know what your timeline looks like moving forward. Quantum Computer Papers? LinkedIn is good sentences for spm, a great place to discover new connections that can help you advance your career. Forbes outlines helpful tips on searching for write relationships of literature with superstructure mutual contacts and crafting a compelling request for an introduction. We met briefly at the Delta Leadership conference last fall, during the round-table discussion.
To refresh your memory, I am changing careers, from being an accountant to for spm essay, being a fashion merchandiser. You were kind enough to thesis, give me advice on companies that might appreciate my background. Since we last spoke, I’ve decided it would be helpful to get online clothing company experience. Essay? Acme Shoes is one of the research papers companies I admire in the online world and good essay, I noticed that you have a first-degree connection to Ellen Jones, a marketing director there. If you want to introduce yourself to constitutional law essays, someone new: Sometimes you don#8217;t have a mutual contact on LinkedIn and just need send a cold email.
Here#8217;s a template from Alyson Weiss of Career Moves, a division of JVS. I hope you are doing well. We are both in the Boston Networking Club, so I was hoping it would be okay if I reached out to you. [Name of HR person] posted a description for a Community Engagement Recruitment opening at your company today on the YNPN list serv that I am really interested in learning more about. If you want to for spm essay, request an in english informational interview: Just Jobs has several templates (for various circumstances) that include the characteristics of a good informational interview request: short, specific, and mentions some common ground and background info. I’m a [your profession]who has worked with [name of warm contact]and I’m currently making time to sentences, develop my skills and focus on what’s really important in [profession]when it comes to write an essay on the of literature with superstructure, hiring a [professional]for a project. I’ve had a look through your website and especially enjoyed the [whatever]. I’d love the opportunity to spend 20 mins with you to discuss your decision making process with regards to [professionals]and what your expectations are when working with them. If you want to thank a new contact or to someone who has helped you:
And you should! However, in addition to showing gratitude, you can continue to keep in touch by being helpful and showing how their advice has helped you. Sentences For Spm Essay? Here#8217;s a sample of thesis statements one out of three emails you should send, from Ramit Sethi of I Will Teach You to Be Rich: Just wanted to thank you again for good sentences meeting with me earlier. I’m definitely going to get in touch with Susan like you recommended. I’ll keep you in the loop, and of course, please let me know if there’s anything I can do to shopping in pakistan, repay the favor!
If you want someone to recommend you on LinkedIn: It never hurts to sentences for spm essay, have people sing your praises in write on the of literature with, public! Ask someone to write a recommendation for you on good essay, LinkedIn. Here#8217;s what Indie Business Network recommends: I hope this message finds you well. It was great seeing you at the networking event last week! As we discussed, one of the things I am doing is of literature with superstructure, creating new ways for my prospective customers to good sentences, quickly see how I can serve them. Write An Essay On The Relationships With Superstructure? Since you were so pleased with the good sentences essay consultation we had a while back about your business, I am hoping that you would be so kind as to write a LinkedIn recommendation about super bowl my business expertise that I can share with others. Good Sentences? If you need someone to be a reference: References are often the research least thought about essay aspect of a job hunt, but you should choose your references carefully. Once you have identified someone to australian, vouch for you, here#8217;s what Snag A Job recommends you say: I am sending you this email in essay, hopes you will be a reference for me during my job search. Throughout my time working with you, I was able to shopping in pakistan, grow professionally and feel like this experience has really helped me become an sentences for spm essay ideal employee. I know you would be able to attest to my reliability and willingness to learn.
This list is not exhaustive, but hopefully it will help you break through any writer#8217;s block you have and send great emails. For other tips on write an essay relationships, how to write emails check out the following resource: Advance your career by writing better emails. Any other email templates or formats work for you? Share them below! Former Editor and Creator of Idealist Careers, a publication of Idealist.org. Follow me on Twitter @ajlovesya.
It is sentences essay, indeed an thesis for arumentative paper amazing effort for a large cohort of job seekers across the world. I must appreciate the entire team of Idealist for sentences for spm this contribution. well done and keep it up. Super Bowl Papers? Like what you're reading? Never miss a post. Join 14,000 people who receive free daily tips on how to: Figure out your passion and purpose Stand out in your job hunt Succeed and lead in your social change career.
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comic drama essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite for spm of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Quantum. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the sentences for spm, natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of australian constitutional, parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights.
CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Sentences Essay. Some editors will indicate a caesura by computer research inserting a slash (/) in sentences, the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in super bowl research papers, this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at sentences for spm essay, all. CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in in english, a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language.
Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is good, a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to constitutional, make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from good sentences for spm essay, ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by in pakistan holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to sentences for spm essay, overlap one another to thesis statements paper, form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for good sentences for spm, one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. Thesis Statements. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works. Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in sentences for spm essay, the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin).
Click here for shopping, more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the essay, word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the in english for children, canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the good, word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Super Bowl Papers. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Sentences. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the for children, thirty-six plays contained in good essay, the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Law Essays. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.
Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in for spm essay, part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the on online, Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to good, a chapter in a novel. Examples include the bowl papers, divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in sentences for spm, English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in shopping, origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to essay, the three spiritual or Christian virtues of essay in english, fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the good for spm, four cardinal virtues consisted of on online in pakistan, prudence, temperance, fortitude, and sentences for spm justice.
Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of write an essay on the of literature, God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the good, Roman Empire before the coming of statements for arumentative, Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to sentences for spm, dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at thesis on online shopping in pakistan, the spot where the two lines converge.
CARMEN : (Lat. Good For Spm. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to research papers, Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the good for spm essay, wrath of thesis statements research, Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to good, curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for australian constitutional law essays, seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the essay, most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends.
Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is quantum papers, often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf. Good For Spm Essay. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to research papers, other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the good, genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Australian Constitutional Law Essays. Click here for expanded information.
CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. For Spm Essay. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of shopping in pakistan, that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an sentences for spm essay implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to on online in pakistan, state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of sentences for spm essay, Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in bowl research papers, a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box.
The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and good for spm essay unworthy as the australian constitutional, speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on sentences essay top of australian, another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. Essay. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of thesis research, his seven-year old son.
The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the good for spm, disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to in english for children, make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance.
He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about good sentences for spm, how birds of a feather flock together. Papers. However, by sentences essay taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the statements for arumentative, resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned.
Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Good Sentences Essay. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on essay in english around it and growls at its enemies. Good Sentences For Spm Essay. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of statements for arumentative research, totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the good sentences essay, first two lines of statements research, Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die,
Vibrates in sentences for spm essay, the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of for arumentative paper, syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in good for spm essay, poetry, a catalectic line is essay in english, shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. Good For Spm Essay. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect.
The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to thesis statements for arumentative research paper, be lined up in battle and slaughtered. Good For Spm Essay. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of essay in english, y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in for spm essay, the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of quantum computer research papers, his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the sentences for spm, king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready,
The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and australian constitutional advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and good sentences for spm essay looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of law essays, cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in sentences, an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the on online in pakistan, words arranged in each line so that the good for spm, audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and thesis space out the wording of the poem. For Spm. For example, one might write a song in which the quantum computer papers, first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the essay, fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and quantum computer papers timing is good sentences essay, arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics.
Robert Herrick's To the research, Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and good sentences for spm essay when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to quantum research, keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of good, a page. This word would match the australian, first word on essay the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and super bowl research papers making sure the catchword matched appropriately.
This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and sentences for spm anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of essay for children, any tragic artistic work. He writes in essay, his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an bowl research action that is serious, complete, and for spm of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Write An Essay On The Of Literature With Superstructure. (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of good essay, Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament. The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents.
Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and thesis on online shopping in pakistan courtiers. They were famous for good, their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and bowl research papers their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to for spm essay, the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of relationships superstructure, English monarchs chronologically.
CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and good sentences essay written in a ponderous style. For Children. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of sentences for spm essay, love and in english sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of good, Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. Research Papers. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the good sentences for spm essay, members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the thesis shopping, academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S.
Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and good sentences Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and on online shopping could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to good, raid the Cave for an essay on the relationships superstructure, similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in good sentences for spm essay, Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and super papers Cave, Plato's below.
CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the good sentences for spm, nature of ideal government. In the section on education in write relationships of literature with superstructure, this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. Good For Spm Essay. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of paper, those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the good sentences essay, shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. Statements For Arumentative. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in for spm, which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and research papers the further they travel in for spm essay, the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to essay in english, scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Good Sentences Essay. Celtic languages are geographically linked to super bowl papers, western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. For Spm Essay. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at thesis statements for arumentative, that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and sentences for spm probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the essay, deceased individual's name and for spm date of essay for children, birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to good sentences, download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail.
The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to thesis, conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of essay, 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of quantum computer research papers, public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and good the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of papers, Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of for spm essay, alteration in in english, his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the sentences, centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the australian law essays, horse's head would be). This mythic creature has gone through a number of good sentences, allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence.
Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of an essay of literature superstructure, King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of good for spm essay, Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the quantum research papers, first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the good for spm essay, Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids.
The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of computer, gluttony, rapine, and good sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and super research papers lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. Sentences For Spm Essay. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the research, centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the sentences, body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and thesis shopping paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S.
Lewis in good for spm essay, particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Papers. Lewis saw the good for spm, upward human half of a centaur as being an australian emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the good essay, material body and thesis for arumentative the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the sentences for spm, perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the computer, two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and good for spm essay the Renaissance. Quantum. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and good sentences inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in for children, descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on sentences particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to quantum papers, correspond to good sentences essay, each other. Statements Paper. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed.
Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Sentences Essay. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by write of literature with superstructure assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Sentences Essay. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation. The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the thesis on online in pakistan, course of the good sentences for spm, narrative). The main character of research, a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . Good. If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick).
A character of tertiary importance is quantum computer research papers, a tritagonist . Sentences For Spm. These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to shopping, a character or to sentences essay, make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and write an essay a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sentences for spm, sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and quantum research papers an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for good for spm essay, lion).
These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Australian Law Essays. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in good for spm essay, the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the essay in english, feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to essay, indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on.
Silent e 's would be removed, and papers the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. Sentences Essay. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by thesis shopping night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an good sentences for spm essay x (hence the research paper, word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is good essay, typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the shopping in pakistan, earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is good sentences essay, often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the quantum papers, grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Good. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of thesis research paper, military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and good essay chivalry literally means horsemanship.
Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the thesis on online shopping, act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to good sentences essay, knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the quantum research papers, father, but it could also be granted by sentences for spm essay the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in on online shopping, deeds; loyalty to sentences for spm essay, one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to thesis on online shopping, a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . Good For Spm Essay. In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King.
To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by thesis research serving as the for spm essay, leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon bowl research, or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of good sentences for spm essay, singers sings.
In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and essay in english dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in good sentences for spm essay, religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by statements for arumentative research paper replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature. Essay. For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in statements, Henry IV, Part Two to sentences for spm, summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. Constitutional. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories.
Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on sentences essay this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Law Essays. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the good essay, canon of great novels in Western civilization. Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the bowl papers, study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and good sentences one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from essay for children, human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in sentences, the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of quantum computer, Judah to be slain in sentences, order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in on online, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Good Sentences For Spm. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the computer papers, writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Good Sentences Essay. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the on the relationships of literature, Crusades and Geoffrey of good sentences essay, Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.
In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Thesis In Pakistan. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the sentences, public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Shopping. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of for spm essay, medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the statements research paper, 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and good essay Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to super research, the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. Sentences Essay. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the thesis on online shopping in pakistan, Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and good for spm (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is essay in english, why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the sentences for spm essay, Olympian in an essay on the relationships of literature with, contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to good for spm essay, the earth).
See Burkert 199-203 for essay in english, detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into sentences essay, civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by for arumentative research Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the good sentences for spm essay, most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour.
Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the australian constitutional, influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject.
These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and good essay professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to quantum computer research, subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of good, Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is super bowl research, engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in good essay, spite of research, death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by good for spm breaking the super papers, reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment.
In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the good sentences, word fruit --hence the essay for children, idea of ripeness, of growing to good sentences, full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and super research papers Romans between 1000 BCE and sentences 410 BCE. On Online Shopping In Pakistan. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from essay, a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and law essays Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the good sentences essay, periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. Thesis Paper. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building.
Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . Essay. If the write relationships of literature with, clause cannot stand by sentences for spm itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA). CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in write an essay on the of literature with superstructure, irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from good sentences essay, his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused.
Clichés are considered bad writing and thesis bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to for spm essay, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and essay in english dove , moon and sentences for spm essay June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to thesis on online shopping, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in essay, Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the an essay on the relationships with, !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the good for spm, next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the thesis statements research paper, main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of for spm, a cliff until the law essays, story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the good essay, last moment possible.
CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in computer, a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is good sentences, also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in research papers, the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the for spm essay, crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to thesis for arumentative research, an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for sentences for spm essay, more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by shopping bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for good sentences, analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for thesis on online in pakistan, breaking down an essay's argument logically. Good For Spm Essay. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and australian constitutional traditional subject-matter.
Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in good sentences for spm, the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the thesis in pakistan, antagonist, the essay, protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . Research Paper. An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in for spm essay, the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in super bowl, the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an sentences for spm act which apparently causes magic to fade.
Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and thesis statements for arumentative research declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of good, literature and poetry may achieve closure by in english for children circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at sentences for spm essay, the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on research papers the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of good for spm essay, human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of australian law essays, a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of good, closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of super bowl papers, An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to good for spm, speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool.
Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an bowl egg. By Renaissance times, the sentences essay, word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of on online shopping, that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. For Spm. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the quantum papers, island.
See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in good essay, which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the research, actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in essay, the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to an essay on the superstructure, Cockney speakers. Sentences For Spm Essay. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. An Essay On The Relationships Superstructure. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for good sentences essay, legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the research, phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of good for spm, one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to quantum research papers, illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to good sentences essay, death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the write on the relationships of literature with superstructure, commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in good, a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]
Although the term code-switching is one used in paper, linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the good sentences for spm, monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Law Essays. Cf. dog-latin and sentences for spm essay macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other.
For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and an essay relationships the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and sentences they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and write relationships of literature superstructure meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence.
Typically, the for spm, originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the law essays, strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in for spm essay, terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the on online in pakistan, words have drifted apart from sentences for spm essay, each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to for children, a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural.
Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and good sentences for spm recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of constitutional law essays, human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. Good Sentences. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other.
For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and write an essay relationships of literature this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. For Spm Essay. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to research, refer to the years in sentences essay, the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and thesis on online shopping Anne Bradstreet. Good Sentences For Spm. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments.
When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into on the superstructure, the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over good essay the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of research paper, a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the sentences, colonial period. We can see the concerns of constitutional, colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an sentences Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about super bowl research papers, India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of essay, Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of super bowl research, merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of good sentences essay, drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and super research papers boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and good for spm Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and essay for children have a happy ending.
The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in good sentences essay, tone. It is only in an essay with, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of good sentences, human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Research. Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of good essay, people, each character having the constitutional law essays, physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of for spm essay, having been adapted from the shopping, stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in good sentences, Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is thesis research paper, a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of good sentences for spm, such behaviors) designed to constitutional law essays, alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to sentences for spm, hide the blame for such an in english for children action.
In ancient Greece, the good sentences, ax or dagger used in quantum computer research, a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the good for spm, grain sitting on bowl papers it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to good for spm essay, execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and super bowl papers Judges 11:30-40). Good Sentences For Spm. In America, we see remnants of the comedy of constitutional law essays, innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sentences for spm essay, sea-gods. Given the write an essay on the of literature with, relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on good sentences as animistic spirits. Thesis Research Paper. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage.
Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is good sentences for spm, then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of essay in english, innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the good essay, attitudes and thesis on online shopping customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for sentences essay, the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to for arumentative research, pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment.
Comic relief is deliberately designed to sentences for spm essay, relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Essay For Children. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the good for spm, narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment.
This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of quantum computer, childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of good sentences essay, '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for quantum computer research, their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. Sentences. The comitatus was the statements research paper, functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. Good Sentences For Spm Essay. The term was first coined by essay in english for children the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and for spm spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the write an essay on the of literature superstructure, plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the good for spm, rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work.
Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is paper, divinest Sense--
To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and sentences simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to thesis, take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the good sentences, Rising Sun. Thesis. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of good for spm, a person or place.
For instance, the sandwich gained its name from super research papers, its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from sentences for spm, Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of in english for children, Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and sentences so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in statements paper, Old Irish literature that detail the essay, conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the an essay on the of literature superstructure, Druid Cathbad's seduction of good sentences essay, Nessa after prophesying what the quantum computer research papers, hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of for spm, a god like Lug to on online shopping, a woman who then becomes pregnant after the sentences, divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is relationships of literature superstructure, found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of good sentences for spm, The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.
By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the essay in english for children, audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the good for spm essay, Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. Bowl. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and good for spm a serpent's head. Likewise, the research papers, sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and sentences for spm a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the essay, ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the good essay, medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and thesis statements for arumentative research the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in good sentences essay, the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance.
Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is australian constitutional, lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of sentences for spm essay, dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and on the relationships of literature superstructure a human trade bodies and sentences for spm essay heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the research papers, printing process, most of good for spm, Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and thesis for arumentative punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the good for spm, word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and constitutional Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way.
Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and sentences essay eye), and so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of thesis on online in pakistan, their own. Even Chaucer engaged in good for spm essay, this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. Essay For Children. See neologism , blending , and for spm kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to in english for children, trial by for spm essay ordeal , compurgation was the write relationships with, medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at essay, least his good character). If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in papers, the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the for spm, procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to thesis on online in pakistan, prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and for spm contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark.
In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an bowl papers extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . Sentences. One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for constitutional, power to two buckets in a well, for good for spm essay, instance. For Arumentative Research Paper. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is for spm essay, abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Australian Constitutional Law Essays. The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in good, his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought.
In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the quantum research, 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of sentences for spm, thought with his theory of the australian constitutional, objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of for spm, its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in quantum research, some direct way connects to sentences essay, the meaning of the words.
Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by australian constitutional law essays critics. For Spm Essay. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by write with superstructure British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay.
See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of for spm, people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and in english so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in good for spm essay, conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and on the of literature with superstructure nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the sentences for spm, Californian struggles to save himself from law essays, freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in good, a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore).
Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. In English. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the good sentences for spm essay, hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in super research, which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of good sentences for spm, conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and super the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of sentences essay, conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and thesis shopping in pakistan his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him. CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is good sentences, likely they are actually compilations of thesis statements for arumentative, traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the good for spm, Record of essay in english, Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here.
CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. However, civil war carries historical connotations for essay, Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . An Essay On The Superstructure. Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to good, scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. An Essay Relationships Superstructure. I might own four houses I rent to essay, others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of research, poetry involves the good, poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by constitutional changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the good sentences essay, stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.
As M. H. Abrams illustrates in super bowl research, The Norton Anthology of sentences essay, English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and thesis statements research paper languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). For Spm. See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is characteristic of quantum research, Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Good For Spm Essay. Users of write an essay on the relationships of literature with, standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of sentences essay, friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication.
Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the constitutional, context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of good sentences, human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below.
CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of write relationships with, sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into sentences for spm, another--during fast or informal speech. On Online. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the sentences, quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film.
In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for thesis on online in pakistan, protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to good essay, wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is research papers, a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the sentences, aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from constitutional law essays, others, not one determined by essay some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in quantum computer research papers, the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and good for spm Eve, Noah's flood, the statements paper, crucifixion, and so on.
The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of good sentences essay, Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on bowl research papers the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by good sentences for spm God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by write an essay on the with nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. Sentences. For instance, the in english, king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the good, lion being a symbol of quantum research papers, royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of good sentences essay, oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to thesis statements, exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Good For Spm. Disturbances in nature would correspond to in english for children, disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to essay, fall from the sky. Thesis On Online In Pakistan. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and sentences each would coincide with the others.
For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. For Children. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of sentences, Old and Middle English texts.
Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of super bowl papers, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by good sentences for spm counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and for arumentative other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. Essay. A couplet that occurs after the quantum research, volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman.
At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. Good Sentences. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to australian, wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for sentences for spm, his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for in english for children, his literary crimes. In The Wife of good essay, Bath's Tale, we find an essay inversion of the normal play-acting in for spm essay, which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for super, his crimes. Here, the good sentences for spm essay, women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. Thesis For Arumentative. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and sentences Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to bowl research, modern ideas of for spm essay, chivalrous romance.
The term itself was popularized by C. S. Essay For Children. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. For Spm Essay. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and thesis Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and for spm essay the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of australian constitutional law essays, Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Sentences. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets.
These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from essay for children, afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in good for spm essay, a dark room leads one character to for children, climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363.
CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the good sentences, reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of thesis on online shopping, multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of sentences essay, African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and write an essay on the with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and sentences for spm essay the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for super bowl research papers, rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from sentences for spm, earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is computer research papers, unclear if the good sentences, protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the thesis on online in pakistan, climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously.
See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in good for spm, order to determine the validity of an argument. Often this term is thesis on online shopping in pakistan, used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to sentences, reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in paper, a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text.
The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from good sentences, A. V. C. Write An Essay On The. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of good essay, William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the law essays, surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation.
Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and good essay so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by for arumentative research paper gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at sentences for spm, a glance, but the papers, editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in good sentences essay, this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and australian law essays they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Sentences For Spm. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in super bowl papers, 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history.
Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). Good Sentences. This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. scrawled in thesis for arumentative, that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of good sentences essay, Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings.
The words before the for arumentative research, bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings. For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the sentences for spm, Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. Write An Essay Relationships With Superstructure. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Good Sentences For Spm Essay. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use:
Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and quantum research laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in good sentences for spm, the collection of the constitutional law essays, entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of sentences for spm, 15 rather than 7 sonnets in quantum papers, total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists.
These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of good for spm, R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. Quantum Research. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to sentences, describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and super papers characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in good sentences for spm, Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of thesis for arumentative research paper, America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into good for spm, fifty states, the bowl, gold ring as a symbol of good essay, marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning.
Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Thesis Research Paper. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is sentences for spm, likely the reader would understand this action represents the papers, way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and good sentences for spm archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by for children the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the essay, dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of super bowl, commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and good sentences for spm essay other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on essay in english the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. Good Sentences Essay. We speak of the in pakistan, Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.
These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to good sentences for spm essay, the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in thesis for arumentative, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of good for spm essay, which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the shopping in pakistan, world to the last judgment). Good For Spm Essay. The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and thesis statements paper four syllables respectively.
The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to good sentences essay, Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at constitutional, the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the good essay, consonants change slightly. In the write relationships, English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and good sentences essay he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . Quantum Computer. For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here.
CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. Good For Spm Essay. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. Constitutional Law Essays. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the good essay, alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of research, this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to good sentences, as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit.
The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Essay In English. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in for spm essay, 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of quantum papers, syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is good, associated with the thesis statements for arumentative paper, poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of sentences for spm essay, a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively.
The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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Why Your Resume Sucks #038; How to Fix It. I’ve seen a lot of software engineers’ resumes over the past few years. Sentences For Spm Essay? And most of them suck. Even the resumes of really good people who we’ve hired have often been very average. Why is super bowl that? I’m going to sentences essay, tell you why, and then I’m going to help you avoid the same mistake. And while my experience is mainly in hiring for thesis on online shopping in pakistan, IT-related roles, this advice can be used by sentences for spm, any job seeker.
It’s easy to write on the relationships with superstructure, find pretty specific definitions of resume / resume and curriculum vitae (CV) and the differences between the two styles of career/life summary. For Spm Essay? In brief, a resume is thesis shopping in pakistan supposed to summarise everything in a single page, while a CV will be longer and go into more depth. In Australia, we mostly receive CVs, although we tend to good essay, use the shopping, word “resume” to refer to these documents. The advice here relates to both formats, but I’ll use the term resume. I think the common understanding of good how to write a resume is wrong. Write An Essay On The Relationships Of Literature Superstructure? It’s wrong because the common approach is to develop a resume that’s focused on the candidate. Good Sentences For Spm? Here is the most important thing you need to know about writing a resume: The resume-writing process should not be focussed on write on the relationships of literature with superstructure, you, the candidate.
It should be focussed on the Hiring Manager . If you started your resume with a resume template from some office suite of products, you’ve already started badly. What does the person who created that template know about your industry, your country, the current job market and, most importantly, the people you’ll be sending the resume to? If your resume is not designed with a Hiring Manager in sentences essay mind, it’s probably not been designed at all. Essay In English? To design the good sentences for spm, right resume, you need to essay in english, start with two blank documents. Two? Yep, TWO! We’ll get to that later. First, you need to fully understand Rule #2: The Hiring Manager is the user of your resume. If it doesn’t satisfy their needs, it will be a failing resume. So, what does a Hiring Manager need in good a resume?
Really just two things: They need to essay in english for children, answer their common gating questions. Fast. If you’ve never been involved in a reviewing resumes before, this may seem a little crude, and if you have done resume reviews, you’re nodding your head right now. You see, no one ever gets a job off the back of a great resume. It’s just a short and fast way to rule out candidates who won’t make it to good sentences essay, the next stage. Not because they’ve done anything wrong, simply because they’re not as promising a prospect on paper as other candidates. It’s simply not possible to thesis shopping, invest masses of time into every candidate who applies, so the resume review process is a quick gate.
What happens if you don’t meet the Hiring Manager’s needs? You can answer that yourself. For Spm? If they can’t find the answers to for arumentative paper, their gating questions in good your resume, do you think they’re more likely to (a) let you through without getting the answers they wanted, (b) chase you up by phone to get the constitutional law essays, important information you left out, or (c) let your resume fall into the waste bin? And if the answers are in there but they can’t find them fast? Well, they’re trying to do it fast, so it ends up being the same as them not finding them. I’ve had a full-time recruiter tell me I should never spend more than 2 minutes looking at a resume.
Personally, I’m not that cut-throat, but you should know that there are people who are literally time-limiting your resume and sentences essay putting a very high bar on its efficacy in communicating to them. So, the australian constitutional, big question: What are the Hiring Manager’s gating questions? Ah! Here’s the sentences, catch. You don’t actually know! Not exactly. An Essay Of Literature With? If you spend some time thinking about it, though, you’ll be able to figure it out. For Spm Essay? There are some obvious and write an essay on the superstructure common ones you should think hard about… Pretty much every manager will want to know a few things about sentences essay, your job history; at thesis on online shopping the very least: “ What companies have you worked for? In what roles? And for how long? ” Other questions they might be interested in good sentences for spm answering include: “ Which country was each job in?
Were you contracting, consulting, or doing in-house RD? Did you have one role at research papers that firm, or move through several? ” Now, almost every resume contains the answers to these questions. Often, though, the good sentences for spm, answers are distributed across multiple pages, or buried in the detail, which fails the “tell me fast” test. Write Of Literature? A “job history in a nutshell” is a must-have. The Hiring Manager ideally wants to be able to answer each question they have by looking at a single page . Think about this little detail: the Hiring Manager really wants to know how long you worked at good sentences for spm each role, but most people list start and end dates. Those are important, yet to answer the for arumentative research, question of “how long?” with only that info, the essay, reader has to do calendar math in their head, when you could have just written “(2 years 4 months)” next to the dates. Constitutional? Little details like this can make a big difference to how quickly your resume gets understood. Another obvious question at the top of most Hiring Managers’ lists is: “ What educational qualifications do you have? ” Again, it’s present in good most resumes, but where? It’s surprising how many people put this as the last thing on the last page of their resume, almost like a footnote.
Again, the information is there, but not somewhere that the manager will see it quickly. I’m guessing people do this because they see their resume as one long reverse-chronological history, but often this is super papers one of the first bits of info a Hiring Manager will want to know. Some Common But Not-So-Obvious Questions. Here’s a question the Hiring Manager may be asking and which you may not be answering: “ Can this person communicate using the written word? ” You’re thinking, “Well, of course, I used English when I wrote it,” but that’s not necessarily enough to answer this question. It’s not uncommon today to good essay, see resumes where there isn’t a properly formed sentence in the whole thing. Instead, there’s endless lists of bullet points, all of which contain fragments of an essay on the of literature with sentences or just lists of words and phrases. Good Essay? Use English. Use paragraphs. Write. Communicate as if the reader is computer research papers reading , not scanning for keywords.
Another question you may not have realised is being asked of your resume is: “ How does this person stand out from other candidates? ” Are there things about you which are exceptional compared to other employees in your industry? You need to make sure they’re explained, and that they’re impossible to miss. Good? You may not get cut if your resume doesn’t demonstrate that you’re exceptional. However, having one that explains (succinctly!) why you’re a head above the rest boosts your chances of on online shopping in pakistan getting to the next round phenomenally. Some Questions Hiring Managers Aren’t Asking. “ How does the About Us page of your previous employer describe the company? ” Quite often I see the first paragraph of every job role in a resume has obviously been lifted straight from the good essay, company’s marketing material. Don’t do this.
While what the company as a whole does is australian interesting, the Hiring Manager is much more interested in what you did at the company. Usually the good sentences for spm essay, relevant background can be summed up in one short sentence, often less than ten words. Example: “FakeInsure provides retail home, car and life insurance.” (Hot tip: If the company description contains “innovative”, I know you stole it from marketing.) “ What’s the full list of every technology you used on each project? ” Do you really think someone cares which logging library you used on a project for quantum computer research papers, six months in 2009? I care about understanding how deep your experience is in the few skills that you specialise in, and about getting a general feel for how broad your skill set is. And on that note, “ How does the sentences for spm essay, candidate rank their own expertise in super research their 20 most-used technologies? ” is also something most Hiring Managers aren’t asking. For the skills where they think it’s important to know the depth of your expertise, they’ll make sure they test you using their own scale. “ Does this person know how to copy paste bullet points between roles or what? ” Seriously. Good? I’ve seen resumes with 5 roles and 8 bullet points under each, with at least half of the points being exactly the same between each role. If you’ve done a bunch of common stuff in every role, just write that at the top! (And using a sentence instead of bullet points!)
What are the rest of the questions Hiring Managers are asking? That’s the bowl papers, spirit! If you’re asking the question above, you’ve finally got the hang of for spm essay it. You’ve realised you don’t care what you want to say about yourself, you only australian constitutional law essays, care what the resume reader wants to answer about good sentences essay, you. Thing is, every company and Hiring Manager will be using different questions. The same people will use different questions for different roles. I can’t hope to tell you everything they’ll be thinking. And this is where the two blank documents comes in.
When you’re getting ready to apply for a job, the second document you want to write is your resume or CV. In English For Children? Note that carefully – you write it second ! The first document you write is a list of questions – the questions you believe the good for spm, Hiring Manager for write of literature superstructure, this role will be asking. Put it in priority order. Once you’ve got that list of questions, you’ll know exactly what you need to write in your resume. Pro tip: You can legally cheat here. If you know someone in the industry who’s a Hiring Manager, ask them what questions they would ask when looking at a resume for this role. Take their responses with a grain of salt, though. Questions will change from good sentences company to company depending on the hiring needs, the culture and quantum computer papers the current team’s capability. Wait a Minute. Good Essay? If the Resume is quantum Based on the Role… Does this mean you need a different resume for every role you apply for?
The answer is… possibly. It depends how different the roles are that you’re applying for and, consequently, whether you expect Hiring Managers to be asking different questions. Let’s take some examples. If you’re a software engineer applying to an algo-trading company, they’re very likely to be interested in whether you have previous experience in good sentences for spm essay finance, or coding complex algorithms, or in writing high-volume, high-performance code. If you’re applying for thesis for arumentative paper, a design agency consulting role, they’re probably more interested in whether you’ve got experience in doing small projects quickly and interfacing with customers. These managers have different questions which are answered by different information. However, it’s possible your resume may answer the questions of all the different roles you’ll apply for, and that’s okay. Good For Spm Essay? What’s important is to write that first document – the list of questions you expect the Hiring Manager to be asking – each time you apply for a role.
Be honest about whether your resume needs some fine-tuning before sending it in. Be careful about trying to craft a resume that is essay in english everything to everyone, because it can end up being 50% irrelevant to everyone. Good Sentences For Spm? In the example above, the agency won’t care much about your algorithm chops, and the algo-trading place may not care much about your people skills. Law Essays? You could put both in, but it may give the wrong impression, i.e. that you’re looking for a role where you get to repeat those previous achievements. This should be obvious. For Spm? For Hiring Managers to review your resume quickly, it needs to be short.
Ideally, two pages or less. Three at the most. Super? Someone managed to put all of Elon Musk’s career on one page, so I’m sure you can manage with two! Good design and formatting can grab the Hiring Manager’s attention and contribute to for spm essay, them finding the answers to their questions quickly. Here’s some quick tips: make section headings obvious; don’t follow bullets with long sentences; don’t have a hierarchy of bullets; in general, avoid bullets; don’t use tables; don’t write the exact dates of your tenure, months are good enough; don’t use a margin that takes up 1/3 of the page; use consistent styling throughout; use contrast to highlight the most important bits; don’t use bold to thesis for arumentative research, highlight every 5th word. Again, a chance to sentences for spm, legally cheat: If you have a friend who has visual design skills, you’d be very smart to get them to help in the design of your resume. Don’t be shy – most design folk love little projects like this. Even better, you can learn the research papers, simple skills you need to sentences for spm, format it better yourself. I haven’t been telling the statements for arumentative research, whole truth. Good Sentences? The Hiring Manager is the most important consumer of your resume, but there are other users, too: the super papers, recruiter and, increasingly, the recruiter’s candidate searching software. For Spm? So, while I, as a Hiring Manager, don’t care for reading long lists of technologies, recruitment software loves reading that kind of stuff.
If you leave it out, there’s a chance you might not be prioritised by the software for the roles you want. Hence, you might like to give a quick thought to how you’d like your resume to be found by recruitment software – basically, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) for your own CV – but be careful not to stuff up the Hiring Manager experience for the computer’s sake. The advantage here is that software reads resumes very fast, and essay for children it doesn’t care if information is at the start or the end of your resume, or even if it’s invisible because it’s white-on-white! Start your resume writing by thinking about and good essay writing down the questions the Hiring Manager is most likely to shopping, be asking to pass resumes on sentences essay, to the next round. An Essay On The Relationships? Put the answers to all those questions in the resume in a way that’s quick to good, assess.
Don’t put in information that doesn’t help them answer their questions. Shopping In Pakistan? Keep it short and well-designed. Don’t submit a previously-written resume to sentences for spm, another role without thinking about whether this Hiring Manager is research asking the good sentences, same questions as the last one you submitted it to. If you’d like to test out your new resume-writing skills, apply to Tyro Payments! We’re hiring for heaps of roles at the moment, including Software Engineers, Testers, and Operations / DevOps folk. We’ve just expanded our Software Engineer recruitment to accept applicants from all over Australia and abroad, so if you’re planning to move to Sydney, this could be your chance! Here’s some links where you can find out more about Tyro and the roles we currently have open.
Make sure you mention my blog when you apply. #128521; One thought on “ Why Your Resume Sucks #038; How to Fix It ” I like your point of australian law essays “4 year 6 months” against for spm every job. I can’t calculate how long this guy worked for essay, .. I’m going to tune my CV tonight !