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Best Personal Trainer Certification | March 2017. Update, March 10, 2017: ACE Fitness has ended their seasonal sales, but they will surely run another sometime soon. Stay tuned and we#8217;ll keep you in the loop as to when their prices come down again. Congratulations! You have weighed various career options and thought about what interests you and what will provide good employment. After sorting through this information, you have decided you want to become a personal trainer. You like that you will be helping people achieve their goals, and you enjoy learning about health, fitness and the human body, so the field seems like a natural fit for you. Now what?
Where do you start? How do you actually become a personal trainer? If you want to be a personal trainer who is actually hired by paying customers, you must become certified. However, there are any number of personal trainer certification programs out there to choose from. How in the wild, wild world of the Internet do you know which one will teach you what you you need to know at plan a reasonable cost and in finch essays, a reasonable time frame? To help you decide, here is a list of three of the most popular personal training certification programs available, including their features, benefits and more. The programs are the following: Below is day care business, a comparison of each of the programs, along with our recommendation for the top program you should pursue to achieve your goal of becoming a personal trainer. Most programs require that you have several prerequisites before you actually begin the training. The most common requirements are that you must be 18 years old or older and completed hands-on CPR and AED (automatic external defibrillator) certification. Is Atticus Finch Essays? If you have not done so, you can complete this through a community education program or the Red Cross. ACE and NASM include these requirements.
AFPA only requires that you be 18 or older and have a high school diploma, GED or equivalent. They do, however, recommend that you would do well to have completed some education in the field of human anatomy. Day Care Business? This will give you a good start to any personal training program. Some of AFPA’s more specialized personal trainer certifications require that you have a minimum of a 400 documented hours of one-on-one personal training experience, but this will be down the road for is atticus finch, you. Study Materials and business, Courses. ACE has a several resources that to meet your various needs. Basic Format For Research? These include Master the Manual, the Personal Trainer Manual set and the Essentials of plan, Exercise Science Flashcards. If you like online training better, they offer several online programs to prepare you for the personal training exam, including exam review and practice tests.
You can also obtain personalized help from the ACE Resource Center. This includes access to Study Counselors for questions about a certain topic, study question review or even just general test stress. If you need accountability, you can even schedule weekly check-ins with them. Telugu On Festivals? NASM also offers a combination of resources, including in-person, online and print preparation guides. Options include interactive discussion questions, 1-day live workshops, flash cards, a 9-week online course and study guides. AFPA is much the same, with comprehensive curriculum offerings whenever the timing is best for you.
Their personal training certification is day care, both practical and current, and is based on exercise science, sports medicine and nutrition guidelines. With their Distance Learning programs, you get the convenience of self-paced learning, giving you time to study. A fully-staffed customer service team is telugu essays on festivals, also available to answer questions and help you on your journey. Other learning materials include certification course textbooks and an exercise textbook and DVD (including descriptions and demonstrations of plan, more than 70 exercises). Course study guidelines and a completion schedule help you stay on track, while practice quizzes test your progress. You can take the final exam whenever you like up until six months after enrollment.
You also get unlimited student support, a weekly newsletter and member discount offers. Recertification and Continuing Education. Every personal training certifying body requires you to keep your CPR and AED certification current, and they also require continuing education credits (CECs), although the amounts are different. This generally includes conference, online courses, in-person training, webinars and more. Recertification also requires a fee.
Here’s how the three programs handle the process: ACE’s recertification is every two years, with a $129 fee. You must complete 20 CECs through ACE’s online courses, in-person workshops and the ACE symposium, held every year for ACE personal trainers. Outline Format Paper? This is great connection and education time. The ACE Resource Center is also available for you to ask the counselors any questions about the industry in general. NASM is similar, with 20 hours required every two years and a $99 fee. You also have the option when you first become certified to pay $299 for lifetime recertification. This is a good deal if you plan on staying in the personal training industry for six years or more. NASM offers online courses and live workshops to get your CECs. AFPA’s recertification fee is $85 every two years, with 16 hours of CECs required. This education must be new activity that you have not previously completed, and day care plan, a variety of essay, courses and options are available through them as well. Each of these three groups also offers additional certifications in addition to personal training.
These can advance your career by helping you gain new and valuable skills. Some of day care plan, these are general, such as group exercise instructor certifications, while others are more specific as becoming a cancer exercise trainer or a tactical strength and conditioning facilitator. ACE gives you several good options, including group fitness instructor, health coach and basic outline for research, advanced health and fitness specialist. Day Care Plan? ACE’s specialty certifications include youth fitness, fitness nutrition, functional training and mind-body training. NASM offers several options as well, including mixed martial arts conditioning, women’s fitness, youth exercise, golf fitness and fitness nutrition. AFPA has options as well, including twenty-four certifications such as Personal Fitness Trainer, Group Fitness Instructor, Nutrition, Weight Loss, Senior Fitness, Youth Fitness, Yoga Instructor and Pilates Instructor. These programs are offered both online and through distance education. Accreditation can be confusing, but basically, a program must undergo review by dad appreciation essay, an accrediting body which sets standards for certification programs. This gives both you and your clients assurance that the development, implementation, maintenance and day care, governance of the program meets their high standards.
If a program is accredited, you can feel good that it is essay writers, a program worth you time, energy and funds. ACE and NASM are both accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA). NCCA’s accreditation is day care business plan, thought of as the best and highest standard for the personal training field. Groups accredited by the NCCA must submit to comprehensive evaluation over regular periods of time in order to interior essay questions keep this accreditation. AFPA’s Personal Trainer Certification program is day care business, accredited by Vital Research, which means they have met 14 Accreditation Standards set forth by Vital Research. Dad Appreciation Essay? AFPA’s Personal Trainer Certification program is plan, not accredited by NCCA because AFPA chooses not to submit their program for essay, consideration. NCCA is not recognized by the U.S. Department of business plan, Education to grant accreditation, although NCCA is held in high regard throughout the personal training industry. While becoming certified as a personal trainer will not break the bank, it does require an investment. Think of it as investment and not a fee – you are making a deposit into your future earnings based on personal training.
Once you have landed a few clients and they are actually paying you, you will realize how valuable your initial investment really is. Basic Outline? All three organizations offer study materials in plan, bundles that are affordable. You will also have to pay an telugu essays on festivals exam fee when it is time for the final test. At ACE, several study bundles are popular, ranging from $499 to $799. The $699 option is the best seller, but all are good and all include the day care business fee for the final certification exam, which helps you calculate the final cost.
On the most expensive plan, free financing is available, which means you may have an word essay easier time paying for the course. The ACE bundles look even better when you consider that the test fee is $399 if you pay it alone. You can buy the day care business study materials separately, but the bundles do save money – you would pay $110 for the ACE manual alone and $169 for the online test review. NASM’s 9-week online course costs $349 and you get a test pass guarantee. This means the company will return your money if you finish the writers class and do not pass the test. Business? (Students who actually complete the course have a 95% pass rate according to the NASM website.) NASM’s half-day certification test prep workshop is cheaper at $199, but does not include the test pass guarantee.
A CT super bundle, including online flash cards and information on exercise techniques and dad appreciation, program design, costs $79. The test costs $599, which is most expensive of our list, but the test pass guarantee and the 95% pass rate mean you most likely won’t have to business worry about passing the finch essays test, which is your end goal. Plan? The online course and writers, the test together will cost about $950. The AFPA’s online test cost $415, with an extra $30 fee if you would rather take a paper, hard copy version of the test. Day Care Plan? This price gets you full manuals, video lessons and for research paper, a proctored exam.
It also includes a free ebook called “How to day care business Start a Successful Online Personal Trainer Business” which will show you how to increase your income through online training. With the interior design essay questions online test, you submit your assignments and final exam online. You will get your results back immediately. The hard copy mail-in test covers you if you prefer an old-fashioned paper exam. Just mail the test booklet back when you are finished. Day Care? Now that you have had a chance to read through all of the information above, you may be overwhelmed. To help you simplify, we are ready to dad appreciation essay make a recommendation as to the best personal trainer certification program out of the three we just reviewed. Our recommendation for the best personal trainer certification program is the The American Council on day care plan, Exercise (ACE).
We make this recommendation first because of the amount of study materials and support you receive as you go through an ACE personal training certification program. Their training packages are simply and understandably priced (and they include the exam fee!). Combine this with online support and a resource center available over the phone for answers, encouragement and accountability whenever you need it, and you have a proven winner. Even graduates of the program can call the resource center for help when they are out in the real world. ACE also offers a huge variety of extra certifications and essays, specializations for participants in their programs. Day Care Plan? Certifications such as group fitness instructor, advanced health and design essay questions, fitness specialist, and health coach are all valuable. The more specialized certifications can also increase your appeal and value for potential employers. We also like ACE because it is a non-profit organization. As such, it is committed to its role of training the day care business plan best fitness professionals out there.
ACE can focus on this mission instead of having to please investors as they chase an ever-increasing profit margin. If you earn an ACE personal trainer certification, you will be well-trained, your job prospects will be bright and you will be ready for whatever you face. If you run across a situation you are not sure about, you can always call the trusty resource center for answers. Don’t underestimate this benefit – not every program offers such a great resource for you. NASM and AFPA are quality programs as well. You won’t go wrong if you choose either of these options – we just think ACE is a step above. This is how you start a personal training career – with a well-respected education from a quality institution. Now that you are armed with this information, go forth and train! The National Academy of Sports Medicine. Getting your personal trainer certification is hard.
Choosing which certification program to go with is sometimes even harder! With thousands of programs to choose from, it isn’t obvious from the outset which program is going to give you the academia essay best chance at business plan getting the personal training job you dream of. One of the programs we can endorse wholeheartedly is the National Academy of Sports Medicine, and for a few primary reasons. In this article, we’ll explain the reasons we’ve chosen NASM as one of our recommended programs. Let’s face it: the majority of personal training clients are not hulking specimens of human anatomy, but rather your average Joe and Jane Doe. Design? I’m talking about the 50-something woman who has developed a bit of a larger belly than she would have hoped for and wants to turn her life around.
I’m talking about the trucker who has a family history of heart disease and wants to live to see his granddaughter’s graduation. These are real people, too, and they deserve to attain the business physical fitness goals they have set out just as much as anyone else. But you should have your expectations in line with reality: true athletes are rare and will NOT make up the bulk of your clientele. The NASM personal trainer certification will prepare you perfectly for this kind of clientele (which is most of interior, America) by educating you on how to day care business go about achieving ideal physical fitness for any kind of is atticus finch essays, client, not just athletes. Getting certified isn’t cheap, but it’s hard to beat the value offered at NASM. For $699, you can be on your way to getting certified with the best names in day care plan, the industry. This price includes the 1000 essay NCCA Accredited CPT Exam, a hard copy textbook, online support, video lectures, a full length practice exam and predesigned workouts. While other programs will offer certification for $399 or less, more often than not they are only day care plan providing the dad appreciation essay exam and not any of the training materials that programs like NASM will offer. If you select packages with all of the benefits of the NASM package, most companies will creep up into the $599 $799 range as well. This makes the NASM option much more attractive given its deep history and day care business, reputation.
Speaking of reputation, this is something that simply cannot be faked or imitated. Aside from perhaps the is atticus a hero essays American Council on Exercise, NASM has the most respected personal training certification in day care, the world and for good reason. Finch A Hero Essays? They have been around 30 years and have successfully trained tens of thousands of personal trainers. Not only business that, but the NASM name on any resume will instantly boost a trainers’ chances of getting hired at a gym, medical facility, or corporate setting. If you’re looking for cheap, go for an online personal training certification. If you’re looking for quality, go NASM. Whole House Air Purifier: Here’s the Best Model for Your Health. There’s no denying the importance of clean air.
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The work of a mystery shopper can be exciting as you work in the same fashion as an undercover spy…you blend in with the crowd and look like any other typical customer. Some mystery shopper assignments require you to telugu essays on festivals make a purchase so that you have the business plan opportunity to observe how you are treated during a sales transaction. Product purchases are reimbursed and payment for each assignment will vary depending on a variety of factors. Finch A Hero? Some mystery shoppers who buy an item during their store visit will receive the amount they paid out of pocket plus they will get to keep the product as the form of payment for completing the assignment. Visits to plan restaurants may provide payment in the form of a free meal or tickets to a local entertainment venue. Most mystery shopper employees receive payment by check, direct deposit, or through PayPal. Telugu Essays On Festivals? Qualities of a Great Mystery Shopper. Plan? Has an outline Eye for Details. A mystery shopper is day care business, like the Sherlock Holmes of the retail world.
You will use your keen skills of observation as you peruse a shop, while paying attention to every little detail as you walk the required perimeter during your visit. Adhering to the provided guidelines is also very important, so become thoroughly familiar with the instructions given to you by the mystery shopper company before you venture forth and scout out your next shop. Trustworthy and Dependable. Mystery shopper companies are looking for applicants that are honest and reliable. Design Questions? What this boils down to is that you must be a responsible worker that follows through from plan start to finish. Sticking to the agreed upon deadline for the submission of the mystery shopping assignment is imperative.
If you cannot complete an assignment make sure you notify the company that hired you so that you may be able to reschedule the work if possible. Basic Outline? Ability to be Inconspicuous. Plan? A good mystery shopper is able to blend in dad appreciation essay, with the crowd like a chameleon. Like a hunter stalking his prey, you must be able to be inconspicuous so that your presence does not make those you are observing uneasy or suspicious about your shop visit. To successfully blend in, learn a little more about the shop you will be visiting prior to your trip. Is it a casual establishment with a relaxed atmosphere? If so, then dress accordingly like other customers.
Can Accurately Assess and Evaluate Scenarios. Maintaining an unbiased opinion when observing others may be difficult to do but it is plan, essential for a mystery shopper to essay succeed with the assignment. Do not let your preference for certain types of products or services sway your outlook when assessing and evaluating the day care plan shop and their employees. Your love of shopping or dislike of a particular store should not be allowed to cloud your judgment. Approach the dad appreciation assignment with an open mind and do your best. Excellent Communication Skills. On the road to plan learning how to 1000 word become a secret shopper, you must learn the ability to business plan effectively communicate with others in various formats. Depending on the shopping assignment, you may be visiting a local store in person, making contact by telephone, or completing an basic outline format for research online survey. No matter which route you take during the process, you must have the ability to express your thoughts and opinions in a clear and precise manner that is easy to understand.
Solid Writing Abilities. Some people may be master conversation gurus but lack sharp skills when it comes to their writing abilities. Onsite mystery shopper assignments will require you to write a short narrative of your shop experience during your visit. Always do a spell check and edit for day care, proper grammar and structure format within the content of your document that highlights your assignment. When you initially apply for a position as a mystery shopper, submitting a writing sample may be part of the process. Is Atticus Finch A Hero? Has the Ability to day care Multitask. A job as a mystery shopper requires the ability to juggle several different tasks.
To be successful in this industry you need to basic outline for research paper be able to multitask while keeping organized without losing focus. A suggestion is to create a handy checklist of To Do items to day care business help you track each duty as you progress through your mystery shopper assignments. You can save and store completed work for future reference if needed and then start a brand new list to accompany each new mystery shopper assignment. Reliable Mode of Transportation. Mystery shopper assignments may be completed online, via telephone contact, or in person. You will need a reliable mode of transportation to complete onsite mystery shopper assignments. Decide just how far you are willing to design travel for day care business, an assignment as you need to consider the costs of gas and vehicle maintenance. Where you live and the location of shops to visit will give you a better idea of dad appreciation essay, how far you will need to drive. Day Care Plan? Ask yourself if driving 50 miles each way is interior design questions, worth an assignment that only pays $10. Maintains Required Equipment and Supplies. Part of your duties as a mystery shopper may include having to take photos during onsite visits to local stores.
A reliable camera or smartphone will fit the bill and provide you with what you need to capture essential images. Writing descriptive narratives of day care plan, your shopping experience will require a computer or laptop plus a printer. Academia Essay Writers? Make a list of all the supplies you will need before you venture out on business, your first mystery shopper trip so that you stocked up and ready to dad appreciation go. Where to Find Legitimate Jobs as a Mystery Shopper. If the prospect of becoming a mystery shopper to earn a little money sounds exciting, the potential is day care business, there for a little extra cash to cushion your savings. Although working as a mystery shopper will not make you a millionaire, you can easily make a few hundred extra bucks each month to essay on shoplifting help cover expenses. Savvy shoppers with an eye for detail that enjoy visiting local establishments will appreciate the added income. An article posted on Forbes.com that discusses the ins and outs of day care plan, mystery shopping quoted an essay writers average rate of about $5 to $20 for each shopping visit. The pay rate for day care, completing each assignment will vary depending on academia writers, several factors, such as whether your visit is conducted onsite, online, or over the phone. Plan? You will make more money as a mystery shopper if you put in the extra time and telugu, effort. Other ways in which you can search for mystery shopper jobs is by checking out business online reviews and feedback posted on job boards.
Some reviews are nothing more than fabricated accounts placed by paid reviewers that receive money to lie—so do your research and be thorough. If you see an online job posting for essay, a mystery shopper and are unfamiliar with the company, do a Google search with its name. Once you are adequately armed with sufficient knowledge to help you avoid scams, it will be easier to track down legitimate jobs as a mystery shopper. The first place to start your job search is to visit the website of the Mystery Shopping Providers Association (MSPA). There are several hundred MSPA member companies posted on the company’s site with provided links and contact information. To further inspire you to perhaps become a mystery shopper, here is a listing of the many categories under the class of Mystery Shop that are available for free access on the website of the Mystery Shopping Providers Association (MSPA) that you can explore while checking out potential companies to business plan work for: Apartments/Housing Automotive Service Banking/Financial Car/Truck Sales Casual Dining Convenience Store Entertainment Fast Food/QSR Fine Dining Grocery Store Health/Beauty/Fitness Healthcare Hotel/Hospitality In-Home Service Online Shopping Other Retail Transportation Travel. Should You Become a Certified Mystery Shopper? Although certification is 1000 on shoplifting, not required to become a mystery shopper, there are some benefits in acquiring it and day care plan, adding it to your resume. Companies that hire mystery shoppers know that certification requires passing exams that test an applicant’s knowledge.
Getting a solid score on the exams proves that have a basic understanding of how the process of basic outline for research, mystery shopping works plus it reflects important qualities and skills associated with being a savvy and observant shopper. Day Care Business Plan? Adding the certification credential to your resume may provide you with an edge on the competition when applying for a job as a mystery shopper. It shows that you have taken the time to learn more about how the industry works and have developed essential abilities that can be an format for research asset on the job. Plan? If you are interested in pursuing certification, visit the website of the Mystery Shopping Providers Association of telugu essays, America (MSPA), which offers several options to become certified at different levels. When checking out the Mystery Shopping Providers Association (MSPA), it is important to note that the company is a reputable one and is accredited by the Better Business Bureau (BBB), receiving an overall rating of A+ for services provided within the business past 3 years. If you decide to pursue certification and enroll in continuing education courses through MSPA, membership is required at a minimal cost of only $25 per year. A full listing of educational programs offered by questions, the Mystery Shopping Providers Association of America (MSPA), which is continually updated, includes the following courses: Intro to Mystery Shopping Certification Gold Certification Professional Responsibility and Ethics Professional Industry Writing Video Shopping I Video Shopping II. Mystery Shopping Scams and What to Look For.
Many consumers are easily drawn in by enticing advertisements that make promises. One example of day care business plan, a common scam is to see ads where a company will send you a list of information such as job postings in return for paying a fee. Upon further research, you will often find that the information is essay writers, readily available for free on the Internet. This is how some companies, at least the dishonest ones, make money and turn a profit. If you have had a negative experience with a mystery shopping company and believe you have been scammed, your options to resolve the issue include contacting the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) or your state Attorney General. If the listing is business, a scam, it is quite common to see angry complaints posted by consumers on the Internet. Glassdoor.com is interior, one site where you can read reviews of day care business plan, companies including negative comments that have been anonymously posted to the site employees. Basic Outline Format For Research? Get Out There and Become a Mystery Shopper. Day Care? Now that you have all the information you need to become a successful mystery shopper, the next step is to go out there and apply for a job. The Mystery Shopping Providers Association (MSPA) will be the best place to apply for a position as all the a hero essays member companies that hire mystery shoppers are listed on their website.
Check out the businesses that are looking for mystery shoppers, get in touch with them, and complete the application process. Before you know it you will be out and about visiting shops as an undercover mystery shopper anonymously observing your surroundings and getting paid for your efforts. There is a growing trend toward attaining a healthy lifestyle that includes a regular program of fitness training along with proper nutrition. Personal trainers have the knowledge and day care plan, expertise necessary to motivate clients and help them stick to telugu a regimented workout plan to enhance overall wellness. Business? If you are considering becoming a personal trainer, ask yourself if you have the required qualities of being highly dedicated, driven, and is atticus, focused. If you have passed that first test, let’s move on the next level and explore your potential for a career as a personal trainer. Day Care? What Does a Personal Trainer Do? A personal trainer will examine and assess the level of individual fitness and work directly with their clients to develop a plan to help them reach their targeted goals. Additional duties include close observation to dad appreciation essay continually monitor the progress of business, their clients while motivating them with feedback, guidance, and academia essay writers, support. Day Care Business Plan? Personal trainers can have their own business or work within health clubs, fitness centers, country clubs, or even within large corporations that have their own facilities.
Clients seek out personal trainers for a variety of fitness goals. Some individuals may want to include a workout program in conjunction with a diet to lose weight. Academia Essay Writers? Others may be interested in day care, bodybuilding to telugu essays on festivals enhance muscle tone. Strength endurance is another area where athletes may want the support and positive motivation provided by personal trainers. The job includes evaluating a client’s overall health history to day care plan ascertain any problem areas and or limitations that may result in injury during workouts. Do You Have the Key Qualities of a Personal Trainer? Key characteristics of a great personal trainer include a having a level of motivation that is similar passing boot camp—but with more compassion and patience. Essay? Before you can teach others to be fit and stay fit, you must have attained that goal yourself. Other essential characteristic traits that are necessary to be a successful personal trainer include the day care business ability to lead a fitness program, whether it is a one-on-one session or a group program. You must have the basic outline for research ability to motivate and lead others. Business Plan? Management skills are also necessary to enforce rules for maintaining safety when using equipment to avoid injury.
Your personality must be customer-service oriented to such a level that you can inspire your clients to stick to a program and essay, not give up. You must be able to generate positive reinforcement and support toward providing motivation. Personal trainers must also be able to business plan create individual training programs to meet the unique needs of each client based on their current fitness levels and targeted goals. If you still are unsure whether to pursue a career as a personal trainer, then it is time to create a personal inventory list and ponder your accomplishments, motivations, and future career aspirations. Reflect Upon Your Goals and telugu essays on festivals, Do Some Research. It is always wise to day care plan thoroughly research any plan before making a major investment of time and money. Ask yourself if a career as a personal trainer is the right choice for you. If you have maintained a high level of fitness all your life in conjunction with a healthy diet and regularly workout and exercise, you are already half way there. If you have a membership with your local health club and visit there on a regular basis that is even better.
Bodybuilding or marathon enthusiasts that constantly strive for high levels of fitness are on the right path. You need to look at your overall history when deciding if you want to pursue a training program, choose an area of specialization and then become certified. Telugu On Festivals? What are the reasons you want to day care business become a personal trainer? Do you have experience motivating and leading others, while keeping them focused on long-term goals? If fitness is an important aspect of your life and the idea of on festivals, helping others reach that same goal infuses you with inner inspiration, then you are making a good career decision to become a professional personal trainer. Select an day care Area of interior design questions, Specialization to Pursue. Day Care Business Plan? There are many areas in which a personal trainer can offer specialized fitness programs.
One option is to focus on one or two specializations depending on your interests and goals. There are some drawbacks to narrowing your area of expertise to just one category. The disadvantage of going this route is that when you own the business the amount of generated clientele may be limited by your choice. In other words, your income may suffer do to a lack of sufficient customers, plus you have to pay for your own insurance coverage. On the plus side, a solo business puts you in control with the potential for academia, unlimited earnings. If you are employed as a personal trainer for a large health club or onsite fitness center, you will more likely be working with a wide range of plan, individuals and lead a variety of different fitness programs. A position within such a setting will also likely include a full plate of employee benefits such as health and dental insurance, disability coverage, vacation and sick days, plus a pension or retirement fund. These are definite pluses to going the route of working for someone else.
Depending on your interests and goals, some examples of specialization include the following categories: Endurance training Resistance training Senior fitness Youth fitness Women’s fitness Men’s fitness Conditioning Weight loss Fitness and nutrition Group fitness training Performance training. Enroll in a Program and Start Your Studies. Available programs to become a personal trainer can include pursuing a certificate or degree at essay your local college, university or vocational school. You can complete 1- year diploma and certificate programs at career training institutes and vocational schools. Day Care Business Plan? Many community colleges offer 2-year associate degree programs with a focus on fitness training as a major. A bachelor’s degree program is yet one more option to consider depending on your long-term career goals. A 4-year program may give you an edge if you want to dad appreciation pursue opportunities to advance to day care plan higher level positions. Essay? Before you enroll in a training program, carefully examine your career aspirations. Day Care Plan? This includes envisioning the type of position and work you see yourself doing 5 to 10 years from now. Required credentials that employees will be looking for will depend on essays, the type of organization that is business plan, hiring. Dad Appreciation Essay? If the open job is day care business, a specialized position beyond that of the outline format paper training provided with a basic diploma or certificate, prerequisites may include coursework at more advanced levels in the areas of kinesiology as well as physical education and day care plan, exercise science.
Depending on where you live, there are several ways you can track down a solid program to help you prepare for your career as a personal trainer. Recent high school graduates that knew long ago that a career as a personal trainer was the right choice for them can meet with a guidance counselor to help them select a good training program. Those already familiar with local vocational schools and colleges in their state are off to a great start. Aside from doing a Google search and entering the name of your state and programs for personal trainers, here are a few online tools to on shoplifting help you track down a good school: National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM): You can quickly and day care business, easily find a school to meet your needs by writers, using the business search tool provided by essay, NASM. The drop-down menu includes options for selecting a country, state/providence, type of school, certification, and program delivery methods.
The search results will include school names along with more information about day care business plan training programs and services offered. NCES College Navigator: This site is maintained by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). This is an excellent resource that lets you search for a school based on location, level of award, types of programs, and much more. Clicking on the Browse for essay, Programs button will open up a small window where you can enter the search terms such as “fitness” to bring up relevant results. After you save the day care info and close the window, click on Show Results to view a complete list of schools that offer training programs for personal trainers.
PersonalTrainerEdu.org: This site provides a search tool that allows you to essay locate schools based on the alphabetical listing of each state. Your options include clicking on day care, a selected state icon or the link that says Find a School , which will direct you to a page that provides more information. Search results provide detailed school information including program overview, accreditation, admissions, and financial aid. Select and academia, Invest in a Certification Program. Finding the best personal trainer certification is an important step toward becoming a personal trainer. Recognized accredited certification for business, personal trainers is a major requirement for 1000 word essay, positions in most health clubs, fitness centers, and gyms. Day Care Plan? The reasoning for this is that insurance companies will not provide liability coverage to fitness centers that do not adhere to these standards. A complete list of organizations that offer certification within the category of Fitness and Wellness is posted on the website of the Institute for Credentialing Excellence (ICE). Programs recognized by the National Commission of Certifying Agencies NCCA are as follows: Academy of Applied Personal Training Education (AAPTE) American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) American Council on Exercise (ACE) Collegiate Strength and Conditioning Coaches Association (CSCCa) International Fitness Professionals Association (IFPA) National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) National Certification Board for essays, Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB) National Council on Strength and Fitness (NCSF) National Exercise and Sports Trainers Association (NESTA) National Exercise Trainers Association (NETA) National Federation of Professional Trainers (NFPT) National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Pilates Method Alliance (PMA) The Cooper Institute (CI) Maintain Your Certification with Continued Education.
Certification is day care, important both at the beginning of your career as a personal trainer and throughout it as well. Dad Appreciation Essay? Maintaining certification is done by successfully completing ongoing continuing education and learning. Continuing education credits, also known as CECs, enhance professional development and also provide you with a refresher relative to ongoing trends and changes within the industry. The specific requirements for the amount of CECs you need to complete will vary depending on the agency through which you sought and obtained the original certification. Examples of day care, ways to earn the necessary CECs include attending specialized workshops and academia writers, seminars as well as taking additional classes and completing courses. You may need to pay a renewal fee and will have to provide documentation of the day care business completed CECs to maintain your certification status.
Each accrediting agency may have different intervals during which you will be required to interior design essay questions submit and day care plan, renew your certification as a personal trainer. Dad Appreciation? If you are unsure as to day care how to maintain your certification, contact the organization that originally certified you for information and guidance. Future Job Outlook for Personal Trainers. Career prospects and job opportunities for potential personal trainers is anticipated to increase at a rate of word essay on shoplifting, about 8 percent during the period from 2014 to 2024. These statistics, which correlate with data for fitness trainers and instructors, are maintained by day care business plan, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The data also notes that the overall growth rate for this industry is “about as fast as the average for all occupations.” (BLS, 2015) Salary and wage levels are determined by several factors that include specialized training and education, industry certification, skill level and finch a hero, experience, and the geographic location. Other elements that play a role in the overall earning potential of a personal trainer include the type of business plan, setting where one is employed. Examples provided by the U.S. Design Essay? Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) include the following categories: Fitness and business, recreational sports centers Healthcare and social assistance Educational services; state, local, and private Government Civic and social organizations (BLS, 2015) Future trends that contribute to the popularity of essay, this industry include expanded areas of specialization based on increased levels of interest produced by consumers that are seeking alternative fitness programs to maintain a healthy lifestyle. CNN rated the top 100 jobs in America, ranking personal trainers up near the top, positioning it as #18 on the list.
Average salary figures as posted on CNN can range anywhere from around $50,000 or more per year, with some individuals topping out with six-figure salaries. The overall outlook for those considering a career as a personal trainer is both bright and promising. Business Plan? Job prospects abound across the is atticus finch country in day care, a variety of is atticus finch essays, settings. You can work within large health club or fitness center or start your own business, based on your unique goals and interests. The industry is projected to continue to grow, providing opportunities to motivated individuals in multiple areas of day care, specialization. How to Become a Real Estate Agent. Real estate agents are a rare breed indeed.
Marketing and dad appreciation essay, selling properties is not an easy task. This type of business plan, work requires individuals to have innate qualities and characteristics that set them apart from the crowd in order to survive in a very competitive business and get ahead. You need to have an independent nature as you will be working alone most of time. This requires determination and the ability to plan and prioritize your work. Having an intuitive knowledge and understanding of how the real estate industry works will give you an edge. There are definite benefits and perks to academia writers learning how to become a real estate agent, including the potential for an unlimited income so you can enjoy all that life has to offer. The Perks of day care, Working as a Real Estate Agent – Benefits and Bonuses. Many are drawn to the real estate industry due to essays the prospect for a six-figure and business, above income. The perks and bonuses of being a real estate agent particularly appeal to those who like to be in charge and work solo. A flexible lifestyle along with the basic format for research paper opportunity to travel when showing properties adds a sense of adventure and spontaneity to one’s day.
Some additional rewards that attract professionals to the field of real estate include the day care business following benefits: The Need for is atticus finch a hero, Real Estate Will Always Exist. Ongoing trends and developments will always have an impact on the business world particular in business plan, relation to the changing levels of telugu, supply and demand. Although the real estate market may slow somewhat when the economy is day care business plan, bad, the need for academia essay, real estate agents will never completely go away. Day Care Business Plan? Due to the variety of interior questions, rental properties, there will always be the opportunity to day care plan expand into other areas. This is one industry that can survive even when the economy bottoms out. Dad Appreciation Essay? Conditions eventually improve and the real estate market makes a comeback and then flourishes once more. There are Opportunities to Network with Others in the Profession.
Connecting with other professionals within the field of real estate provides opportunities to network and day care business plan, make new business contacts. Real estate agents that have their own business and work independently also enjoy the social aspects and camaraderie of getting to meet others that share their passion for the industry. Networking is particularly important for real estate agents that are just starting out. Reaching out to other professionals that have more experience is also beneficial for learning more about the real estate industry and gaining helpful support and guidance. Writers? The Option of Working Independently and Having More Control is day care, Attractive. Real estate agents and outline for research, Realtors® may have their own business or work for independent agencies that specialize in marketing and selling a variety of properties.
Even those employed by a real estate agency will have the perk of maintaining a more flexible schedule than that of a typical 9-5 work office setting. Day Care? Some real estate agents telecommute from their own homes with only the occasional need to visit their agency offices to check in. The benefit of going solo and telugu, working independently is a good choice for those real estate agents that want complete control and would prefer not work for someone else. A Real Estate Agent’s Mobile Lifestyle Provides Flexibility to Relocate. Day Care Plan? Real estate agents have the benefit of being able to outline format for research easily relocate to other regions. If the market for plan, one particular area of essays, real estate is slow but others are booming, the potential is there to keep working and still bring in the income.
Those that may have limited obligations with no family can go just about anywhere their heart desires. If better opportunities exist in large cities, beach-side communities, or in mountaintop resorts, being a real estate agent provides you with the flexibility to stay mobile and choose your next destination. Behind the Scenes Responsibilities of a Real Estate Agent. Business? There are a variety of duties and tasks that go into telugu essays, the day of being a real estate agent. Promotional efforts include marketing listings and properties by making them visible to day care business potential buyers. When a property of any type is ready to be listed, the interior design questions real estate agent will strategically place yard signs and then post the day care business listing in the MLS (Multiple Listing Service). Dad Appreciation Essay? Advertisements to further market the property are created and then promoted through other forms of media such as brochures, newspapers and magazines. Once the word is day care business, out and the public sees that a property is available, real estate agents will need to attract potential buyers. This is academia writers, accomplished in a variety of ways that includes posting information and updates on your agency’s website and blog. If you are an independent sales agent, work solo, and have your own business, you should have your own unique website so you can connect with potential clients and market your listings. Moving forward, the next task that real estate agents need to take care of business plan, is to install secure lockboxes at the sites of essay, their advertised property listings.
Potential buyers love open houses as it a low-pressure way to day care business plan view advertised properties that they may be interested in purchasing. Interested clients will contact you to arrange showings, which will naturally progress to telugu essays on festivals negotiating prices and closing a deal. Business Plan? Additional duties include onsite inspections, title searches, and providing necessary information to lenders. Typical Work Environment and Work Schedule. Essay Questions? Those that are employed by a real estate agency will have the luxury of day care business, a business office with all the amenities.
Your typical office environment will usually come fully furnished with your own work station plus access to provided equipment such as computers, printers, and telephones. Telugu Essays On Festivals? Depending on the size of the agency you work for, you may be provided with employee benefits such as health insurance plus vacation days, sick pay, and other perks. Day Care Business? Your employer may let you telecommute and work within the comfort of your own home office — with the understanding that you will need to make occasional visits to your primary office for meetings and other events. Although real estate agency offices have regular business hours, their sales agents will have more flexible schedules. A typical work schedule for a real estate agent that works for telugu essays on festivals, a company could include meeting with potential clients during the evening hours and showing properties on the weekends.
Real estate agents that have their own business can set their own schedules. Going this route shares some of the day care business same elements as being employed by an agency. Solo real estate agents will still need to academia remain open to having to meet with clients at the end of the day and scheduling a showing of a particular property during the weekend. It is also common for independent real estate agents to sometimes put in day care, hours during the telugu holidays. Essential Qualities of a Good Real Estate Agent. When a potential client will be spending a lot of hard-earned money and making a long-term investment in a home or property, they want and expect their real estate agent to be not only informative and business, helpful, but to telugu on festivals also be honest and trustworthy. Home buyers and sellers do not like haggling along with high-pressure schemes to maneuver them into making a purchase. To increase your chances for future clients and plan, additional referrals for new business, you must be professional with a friendly personality to get ahead. Prompt and 1000 word on shoplifting, efficient service with a smile is also greatly appreciated. Key characteristics that are indispensable for succeeding as a real estate agent include the following essential qualities: Have Strong Communication Skills. A primary aspect of your job as a real estate agent will be to interact with your clients.
This may take place over day care plan, the phone, via email, and through texted messages as well as in person. Having solid interpersonal skills is an absolute must. Whether your job involves representing a seller or buyer, both involve business transactions that require you to be able to telugu effectively communicate with other people. Be an Attentive and Patient Listener. Being a good listener and allowing others to business plan express themselves is essential to becoming a successful real estate agent. Even though sales and commissions are an important aspect of the dad appreciation real estate industry, being pushy and forceful will not win you points. Business Plan? If you maintain a friendly yet professional approach when dealing with customers, the 1000 essay on shoplifting return investment will be referrals for additional business. Day Care Business? Have the Ability to 1000 word essay on shoplifting Negotiate and Persuade. Negotiation and the art of selling are essential skills for success in business plan, the real estate industry. If approached with the design essay needs of all parties in mind, the manner in which you persuade potential buyers and sellers will benefit you in many ways. If you get into the negative practice of haggling, future potential business prospects may decline as clients go elsewhere and seek out other real estate agents to represent them.
Be Skilled with Social Media and the Web. Real estate agents need to be computer savvy and skilled at navigating the Internet. MLS listings are now posted on the web, providing potential clients with details about available properties along with images. Social media networking tools such as LinkedIn and Facebook provide alternative ways to day care business plan promote and market listings and to connect with potential clients. What Types of Properties Do Real Estate Agents Sell? The market for academia essay writers, real estate includes a wide range of property types. Selections are just not limited to plan residential housing or commercial buildings.
The variety is so extensive, which in itself is an added perk as you are not limited to just representing one particular type of basic outline for research paper, unit. This can be a blessing in disguise when the market is slow. Depending on where you live, options include, but are not limited to, the following property types: Apartments Condominiums Townhouses Co-ops Commercial properties including vacant buildings Office buildings Hotels and motels Industrial complexes Gasoline service stations Bank buildings Resorts Investment properties Manufactured homes Modular homes Residential homes Shopping centers Time share properties Vacation homes Vacant land and building lots. Real Estate Agents and Areas of day care business plan, Specialization. Choosing to focus on one or more areas of specialization is one option available for real estate agents to consider exploring. Many professionals in telugu, this industry opt for the choice of being both a buyer’s agent as well as a seller’s agent as it provides the opportunity for additional business and higher profits. Some working within the industry may decide to primarily deal with residential properties whereas other real estate agents want the day care business potential added income that can come from dad appreciation representing commercial properties. Plan? Property managers and a hero essays, land specialists provide additional pathways to consider. Preparation for Becoming a Real Estate Agent.
Working in business plan, the field of real estate does not require a college degree but the industry is format paper, regulated and has strict standards so preparation for entry into day care, the field includes becoming licensed. Guidelines and requirements to obtain a license will differ within each state but essentials include that all individuals be at least 18 years of age, take several industry courses, and to have successfully passed the provided exam. Additional provisions may include having to submit to a background check. There are a variety of ways in which you can prepare for your real estate license. Basic Outline For Research Paper? Options include enrolling in courses at your local community college or university.
Some educational institutions offer online, web-based instruction for those that have busy schedules and need a more flexible format in day care business, which to learn. Regardless of which method you choose, make sure that the school is accredited and authorized to instruct students. Future Growth Opportunities for Real Estate Agents. Predicting future opportunities within the on festivals real estate industry is a little more difficult than some other fields. The supply and demand for properties is essentially controlled by the state of the economy. When the market is business plan, slow due to a downturn in the economy, some types of properties will not go as quickly and 1000 on shoplifting, may sit for a time before a potential buyer comes along. The Bureau of day care, Labor Statistics (BLS) projects a slower than average growth rate for real estate agents at is atticus finch a hero about 3 percent during the period of 2014 to 2024.
There will always be the need for some types of day care business, properties, even during the slow periods when some areas of the market may not be moving as fast. Essay Writers? Real estate agents that take a more flexible approach to the industry can easily make the day care plan switch to another specialization. Another option is to focus on essay writers, different types of properties in order to stay active and ahead of the competition while still bringing in day care plan, an income. From a positive standpoint, there are always opportunities waiting to essay be had and profits to be made. A great bartender plays several key roles beyond just serving drinks to their clientele. A bartender will often times find themselves taking on the role of plan, a best friend and having to lend a patient ear while many customers talk about their bad day at work or complain about the economy and politics.
Most importantly, conversing with customers requires the ability to simultaneously juggle a multitude of other tasks in a very busy and hectic environment—all while maintaining a sense of calm composure and self-confidence. Additional key qualities of a great bartender include the telugu following characteristics: Have a Charming Personality. Day Care Business? One of the most important aspects of being a bartender is the ability to socialize and effectively communicate with your customers. Design Essay Questions? Depending on the size of the restaurant and the time of week, your job will involve contact with potentially several hundred customers each night. Day Care? Your customers will want to converse with you, share stories, and tell tall tales, all while you are busy taking orders and telugu essays, mixing drinks.
The ability to maintain your composure with a smile on your face is a key trait for day care, becoming a great bartender and finch essays, succeeding on the job. Have the Ability to Multitask. Bartenders must be able to tackle several duties at one time, while being able to stay focused on each task. With several customers sitting at your bar, you will be getting requests for day care, many different types of drinks while having to academia writers be able to accurately remember each order. Customers will be chatting with you while you are mixing the drinks, filling the glasses, and adding garnishes. Having a strong memory is plan, essential for bartending as you must be able to keep track of each individual request while performing other duties and keeping the bar area organized. Speed is essential if you want to be a great bartender. Your job will require you to juggle many things all at the same time while providing fast service to your customers. You need to interior essay have heart and to business really want to work in this business in on festivals, order to not only business last but to succeed as well. Your customers expect you to mix and fill their glasses in record time, and they do not want to a hero essays wait forever to get their drinks. If you have a personality that is plan, filled with spunk and drive and a never ending source of academia essay writers, energy, you have already met one of the required prerequisites for becoming a great bartender.
Exhibit Stamina and Strength. Business Plan? If you are looking for a job where you can serve customers while sitting at a desk all day, bartending is writers, not the right choice for you. As a bartender you will be standing all day, and the only time you may occasionally sit down is during your lunch or dinner breaks. Some duties you will perform as a bartender include having to lift hefty boxes of liquor and kegs of beer. A job as a bartender requires stamina and strength in order to day care also make it through a long day on your feet while serving customers their drinks, multitasking, and performing other duties.
Be Familiar with the Community. Interior Design? The social aspects of being a great bartender include having a solid knowledge of the community in which the plan establishment is located. Customers will often ask you for information about the on festivals area especially if they are traveling and are not familiar with the business plan local offerings. Expect to be asked for essay, suggestions as to plan the best places to stay and to go for entertainment such as theaters and word, casinos. Day Care? Vacationers that visit your bar may ask you for directions to outline format for research paper upcoming events and attractions. Providing guidance and day care plan, suggestions should be easy if you live within the area of the bar where you work. Part of your duties as a great bartender will be to dad appreciation ring up customers, provide change, collect tips, and keep an accurate balance of all transactions during your work shift. Depending on the rate of customer traffic and numbers served, some food and beverage establishments may also have a practice of only keeping a set amount of cash available in the register. You may be responsible for business, regularly depositing money within a safe throughout your shift and dad appreciation, not just at the end of the night. Although you do not need to be an day care plan accountant or math geek, bartending does require solid math skills to succeed.
Have a Solid Knowledge of Liquor, Wine, and Beer. Becoming knowledgeable and familiar with all the for research paper many types of liquors, wines, and beers is not a feat that can be accomplished overnight. You will need to learn about the different types of liquors served in bars and the ingredients that go into making each unique drink. Business? It takes time and practice to develop skill and expertise as a great bartender and there are several ways you can go about doing it. When exploring your options to learn about the dad appreciation essay business of bartending, possible pathways include acquiring experience through related jobs and completing a training course. Day Care Plan? Exploring Alternative Pathways to Becoming a Bartender. The job of a bartender is one position that requires applicants to have at least some basic knowledge and understanding of alcoholic drinks or some exposure to the environment in which drinks are served. If you know nothing about making and mixing drinks or have never worked in a restaurant, your chances for getting a job as a bartender are minimal at best. Bar owners and restaurant establishments initially look at applicants that already come equipped with some skills that can be acquired through past positions working within the food and interior essay, beverage industry.
Gain Experience in Other Restaurant Positions. If you have had a position within a restaurant and are familiar and comfortable working in this fast-paced business, you are already one step ahead of other applicants. When managers are interviewing for bartending jobs, if the pool of applicants does not include anyone who already has experience working in a club or bar, the next phase is to seek out plan individuals that already work in telugu essays, restaurants. Having worked in any of the following positions will definitely come in day care, handy and tip the on shoplifting scales in day care, your favor: Food and beverage servers : Waiters and waitresses have a leg up when it comes to experience working in the fast paced environment of outline for research, a restaurant or bar. You regularly deal with many customers, take orders, and serve meals – duties of which require you to speedily multitask while keeping a smile on your face. Dining room attendants : Busboys and busgirls also acquire valuable experience in the food and beverage industry by removing dishes after customers finish their meals and then efficiently cleaning and business, resetting tables with skill and speed. They may also assist other food and beverage servers on paper, very busy nights or when the restaurant is short of staff and day care business plan, needs a few extra hands. Food Preparation Attendants : Workers in this position will acquire experience by assisting cooks and chefs during the preparation of meals. Tasks may include cleaning, cutting, and mixing meal ingredients.
Other duties involve cleaning and maintaining equipment and is atticus finch, storing food. This type of day care plan, job teaches essential skills that can help prepare you for dad appreciation, a future job as a bartender. Barback/Bartender’s Assistant : A bartender’s assistant, often referred to as a barback, provides help by taking on many of the secondary duties beyond making drinks such as keeping the bar area clean and continually restocking supplies. This position is more often seen in restaurants and bars that are extremely busy with a high volume of day care business, customers. The Pros and Cons of Bartending School.
Deciding whether to attend bartending school is interior, a personal choice and comes with its own set of pros and day care business plan, cons. Your past job experience in the food and beverage industry plus your acquired knowledge of liquor, wine, and dad appreciation, beer and how to mix drinks all play into whether you should move forward and day care business plan, sign up for a training course. Some advocate against the cost of taking courses to learn the trade. What you need to remember is that on-the-job learning to become a bartender is is atticus a hero essays, a rarity in this industry, hence the potential benefits of pursuing an education. Managers of bars and clubs generally do not want to hire an applicant for day care plan, an open position who has absolutely no past experience nor any understanding of alcohol and how to writers make drinks. Bartending is a very fast paced business and the environment is business plan, not conducive to taking on a new hire and providing on-the-job training. That being said, bartending school can be a good option in some situations and a good place to start to learn more about the industry. When choosing a bartending school, the hands-on approach is the academia best way to learn more about plan this business and to design questions acquire the day care business necessary skills and format for research, knowledge. Bartending is business, one profession where you need to be onsite in an actual classroom to properly learn how to make drinks. Word On Shoplifting? Distance learning and web-based training options just don’t cut it when it comes down to learning a skill that requires the business use of your hands to make and mix drinks—you can’t do that online.
If you are interested in outline format for research, attending bartending school, you will need to do some further research to find out what type of training is day care business, available in your region. One option you may want to explore is USABartendingSchool.com, which is Better Business Bureau (BBB) accredited. The site offers a listing of bartending schools within the U.S., which are state authorized institutions of academia essay, learning. Day Care Plan? An additional resource to check out is the nationwide bartending schools directory posted on ABCBartending.com. State Bartending Laws and Liquor Certification Requirements. Essay? Beyond meeting the basic requirement of day care plan, being of for research, age to drink alcohol, serving it within a bar, club, or other type of food and beverage establishment as a bartender comes with its own set of rules and day care plan, regulations. The APIS (Alcohol Policy Information System), a site maintained by the National Institutes of Health and the Department of Health and Human Services, has various maps and charts that help to clarify the telugu essays on festivals laws and any questions as they pertain to “underage drinking and minimum age for on-premises servers and bartenders.” (APIS, 2015) Regulations may vary in each state so it is important to become familiar with your region’s laws. Guidelines for Liquor Certification. Do to the nature of the type of work involved in bartending and business plan, its associated legalities, many states require that those serving alcoholic beverages complete certification.
Those that are new to interior design questions the trade of bartending must become knowledgeable with the plan laws as they relate to areas such as overdrinking, requesting proof of ID, hours of is atticus finch essays, service, and how to effectively deal with drunken customers that may be violent. Additional information is available online at ServerCertificationCorp.com, which provides an easy to use alphabetical listing of day care plan, all the states and their certification requirements. The Future of Bartending: Job Outlook and interior design questions, Potential Salary. Business? The hourly wage rate for finch a hero, a job as a bartender will vary from state to business plan state and will also reflect the experience level of the applicant. More luxurious resorts and 1000 on shoplifting, hotels that charge more for their services may offer a higher wage or salary with added benefits, perks, and bonuses. Beginning positions for those just starting out may average at about minimum wage. However, even with a lower hourly rate, bartending can be a lucrative position due to plan the potential that comes from added income received in writers, the form of tips.
Some bartenders with experience working at busy high-end establishments can make six-figure incomes — so the potential is there. Business? According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the future outlook for bartending is bright, progressing “faster than the telugu on festivals average for all occupations” (BLS, 2015) with a projected growth rate in the range of about 10 percent during the period of 2014 to 2014. Day Care Business Plan? Positions can be found across the academia nation at a variety of places that include not just your typical bar but also jobs at hotels, resorts, clubs, taverns, inns, and any type of establishment that caters to travelers. Applicants that have the necessary knowledge acquired from formal training courses and or experience working in plan, other types of positions within the food and beverage industry will have an edge on the competition when applying for jobs. Flight Attendant Jobs: Here’s How to Get Hired. Becoming a flight attendant is challenging. Airline companies want to know that they are hiring an individual that can keep passengers safe and comfortable throughout the duration of their flight.
In order to get hired as a flight attendant, you need to prove to airline recruiters that you are tough, intelligent and compassionate enough to handle any situation while up in the air. First impressions are everything in the airline industry. Your resume and 1000 word essay, cover letter should give airline recruiters a quick idea of who you are and why you would be an asset to their company. A memorable first impression is the key to business plan securing an in-person interview. Your cover letter should be short enough to read at a glance, and telugu, should briefly touch on any relevant skills or experience that you possess. Each cover letter that you write should be tailor made to suit a specific company. Business Plan? You can get a taste of telugu on festivals, what sort of language an airline uses by visiting its website.
Using company jargon in your cover letter can help you to stand out as a candidate by showing that you understand and appreciate a company’s culture. A short, well written cover letter is essential for business plan, capturing the is atticus finch attention of an airline recruiter. You can use your resume to showcase more details about your professional background and skills. Like your cover letter, you should keep your resume concise and use simple, elegant formatting. Recruiters have to read hundreds to thousands of resumes, and day care business plan, anything unnecessarily long winded or jumbled may end up in the garbage pile. If you have an extensive work history, you should highlight past experience that would be relevant in an airline setting. For example, past work as a cashier shows that you have customer service experience, while employment as an EMT shows that you have medical training. It’s also a good idea to list relevant volunteer work, hobbies, or interests that might give the recruiters a taste of format, your personality. Airline companies are particularly interested in candidates that are good with people, such as those who volunteer with children or the elderly, along with candidates that stay fit by participating in sports or other physical activities. All of the day care business plan information that you provide in your cover letter and resume will be verified during a background check, so it is best to best to be perfectly honest about your employment history.
Airlines won’t hire a candidate that later fails his or her background check. Is Atticus Essays? Stand out during the day care interview process. Your goal during the interview process is to prove to airline recruiters that you have what it takes to become a flight attendant. They are looking for candidates that are well groomed, personable, intelligent and courteous. Academia Writers? You will often be interviewed with a large group of other applicants, sometimes hundreds, in what is known in day care, the industry as a “cattle call.” The cattle call is 1000 word essay on shoplifting, designed to quickly and efficiently weed out day care any unsuitable candidates. So much competition can feel overwhelming, but there are a few simple ways that you can make yourself stand out from the crowd. The simplest way to make a good first impression is to dress appropriately. Women should wear wear a crisp navy blue or black suit, preferably with a skirt, along with formal black shoes. Makeup should be minimal and in academia essay writers, natural tones only, while accessories should be kept small and day care business plan, tasteful. Men should wear dark slacks, a dress shirt, and a suit jacket along with black dress shoes.
The idea is to look as much like the standard image of a flight attendant as possible. Interior Essay? Looking the part of a flight attendant is day care, only half the is atticus finch essays battle. Day Care Plan? Throughout the interview process, you must show the flight recruiters that you have the personality and essay writers, interpersonal skills necessary to handle the daily challenges that you will face while in day care, the air. Act courteously towards both the recruiters and the other applicants, because your every interaction will be under close scrutiny. Some airline companies subject applicants to a brief preliminary one-on-one interview. A recruiter will ask you a series of fairly standard interview questions, sometimes up to twenty, that you will have a set amount of time to answer. This is your opportunity to show off your communication skills.
Answer questions truthfully, clearly and concisely. Is Atticus? Avoid rambling so that you are able to answer every question within the allotted timeframe. It can be helpful to practice answers to common interview questions beforehand, such as: How did you hear about this job posting? Why do you want to business plan become a flight attendant? Why are you the best candidate for the job? What kind of 1000 word essay, jobs have you worked in the past? What are your future career goals?
How would you handle an unruly passenger? How would you handle a dispute between two passengers? It is important to plan be courteous and confident during the interview, since these are two qualities that are important in a flight attendant. 1000 Essay On Shoplifting? Make eye contact, maintain a good posture, and avoid fidgeting. End the day care interview on a positive note by thanking the interviewer for his or her time.
Airline companies commonly use group interviews to assess the telugu interpersonal and communication skills of applicants. Candidates are split up into teams and given a scenario to act out while being observed by the airline recruiters. This is not a competition nor a chance to outshine your teammates, but rather, a chance to show that you are able to day care business work effectively as part of a team. In the scenario that your team is given, you will face a problem that a flight attendant might encounter while on the job. 1000 Essay On Shoplifting? For example, you may have to calm an unruly passenger, or settle a seating argument between two customers. You are expected to think on your feet and come up with creative and business plan, innovative solutions to 1000 on shoplifting the problem at hand.
It may be helpful to practice role playing scenarios with friends and family members before your interview. Take the medical exam seriously. The medical exam will assess if you meet the height and weight requirements necessary to become a flight attendant. You will also be put through a battery of tests to determine the health of your circulatory and respiratory systems. Serious medical conditions that could put you or your passengers at risk while in plan, the air may bar you from dad appreciation essay becoming a flight attendant. Candidates will also have their blood and urine analyzed during the company medical exam. You should disclose any past recreational drug use to the company upon taking the day care business physical. This won’t bar you from becoming a flight attendant, but you will be subjected to random drug testing for two months after hire. You should also alert the essay recruitment staff if you take any prescription drugs, as these may show up in your blood or urine tests and affect your hireability. Business Plan? Be personable, punctual and finch a hero, professional.
Flight attendant training is an intense four to day care eight week course designed to weed out the basic outline paper weakest students. You won’t just be evaluated by day care business plan, just test scores and class rankings. Instructors will be watching trainees for grooming habits, punctuality, and disposition. Even small infractions such as unkempt hair or a rude comment can get you kicked out of the training program. Flight attendants are expected to be the the paradigm of professionalism. Airlines are looking for candidates that will be an asset to the company. Throughout your training, take every opportunity available to show that you have the strength, compassion and intelligence necessary to become a flight attendant. Flight Attendant School: The Ultimate Guide. The goal of academia, every airline is to provide a smooth, safe and business, comfortable onboard experience for its passengers. Flight attendants are the is atticus essays single most important factor when it comes to onboard customer satisfaction. Business? Flight attendant training school is designed to prepare you for any situation that you might encounter while in the air, from unruly passengers to medical emergencies.
Every airline has a set of minimum physical requirements that its flight attendants must meet. Candidates have to be able to push, pull and lift heavy loads, endure long periods of time up on their feet, and power through fatigue and jetlag. Crew members must be healthy enough to take on their daily responsibilities and to pull their weight as a team member. All airlines have height restrictions that flight attendants must meet, but these restrictions vary between airlines. Flight attendants can’t be too short, but they also can’t be too tall to finch walk comfortably around the cabin. While height restrictions vary from business plan company to company, most airlines generally accept individuals between around 4’11”, or 150 cm, to 6’3”, or 190 cm. Airlines also have mandatory requirements for how high a flight attendant is word essay, able to reach. Business Plan? This ensures that all staff members are able to safely access the overhead bins without endangering themselves or passengers.
Most airlines do not impose strict weight restrictions on flight attendants, but candidates must be within the normal weight range for outline for research paper, their height. You can check if you are within the normal weight range for your height by checking your BMI. Flight attendants that are either overweight or underweight may not be able to safely perform their onboard responsibilities. In addition to height and weight restrictions, airlines around the world also impose age restrictions on flight attendants. All flight attendants must be 18 or older, although some companies require that their flight attendants be at least 21 years old. Flight attendants must be mature enough to day care cope with the daily pressures of air travel. Many interviews are performed in is atticus finch a hero essays, the fashion of a “cattle call,” which involves dozens to hundreds of qualified applicants all being screened at day care plan once. Unacceptable candidates are quickly weeded out by written, language competency, and basic outline format for research, vision tests. Day Care? Flight attendants working for companies that operate within the dad appreciation U.S. must be able to day care prove that they can communicate fluently in English with passengers and a hero, other crew members.
Applicants must also prove that they have at least 20/30 vision, which means that they are able to see clearly with the aid of corrective lenses. Some airlines conduct a preliminary one-on-one interview with candidates. Applicants will be asked a standard series of interview questions and day care business, are given a set amount of time in 1000 word essay on shoplifting, which to answer. It is best to keep answers clear and concise in order to get through all of the questions in the allotted time frame. The more questions you are able to answer, the more the recruitment staff will know about your unique background and skills. Group interviews are popular among airline companies, since they help to demonstrate a candidate’s communication and interpersonal skills. You will be split into a group along with other trainees and given a role play scenario to act out.
Recruiters expect to see candidates demonstrating strong team building skills and creative problem solving techniques. Airlines are looking for flight attendants that are able to stay calm and day care, focused in any given situation. During your interview, it is important to dress and act professionally. Women should wear a dark suit, preferably with a skirt, while men should wear dark slacks, a suit jacket, and a dress shirt. The idea is to look as much like a flight attendant as possible.
Applicants should stick to 1000 word essay natural, conservative styles when it comes to hair and makeup. Plan? Those that pass the interview process will then undergo a of format, a battery of tests that assess their cardiovascular and respiratory health, their hearing, and their vision. This company physical also includes urine and business plan, blood analysis. Candidates that pass the physical are deemed healthy enough to safely take on the responsibilities of a flight attendant. Much of what you’ll be learning during your flight attendant training pertains to cabin safety. In the classroom, you’ll listen to lectures, learn about safety equipment and procedures, and take tests. Finch Essays? This is no normal classroom, however. Supervisors will be keeping a close eye on your grooming habits and day care business plan, disposition.
Dress and act as you would while on the job. An unkempt appearance or a rude comment to basic outline format for research your colleague in the classroom could get you kicked out of the flight attendant training. Trainees are expected to show up on day care business, time to every single class. Your punctuality will be regularly tested by sudden schedule changes such as a delayed lunch or a test date change. The flight attendant school classroom is designed to test how well you can adapt to stressors such as fatigue and hunger when your routine is shaken up.
Flight attendants need to be prepared for the possibility of a schedule change at a moment’s notice. Is Atticus A Hero? Lectures and classrooms are only a small part of day care business plan, flight attendant school. Basic Outline Paper? Your practical training will take place in either a simulated aircraft cabin or an aircraft that is out of service. You will learn how to perform safety briefings, serve food, and operate essential equipment. Over the course of your training, this simulated cabin will be like a second home. Your practical training will also help you to learn how to deal with a variety of emergency situations while in plan, the air, from fires to hijackings.
Towards the end of your training, you will be tested with the notorious “flight from hell.” Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong during this simulated flight. Your instructors will be watching closely to see how you handle yourself during an interior design questions emergency. It is important to stay calm and to day care communicate clearly with your fellow crew members throughout the entire simulation. You must prove that, as a flight attendant, you can keep yourself and your passengers safe in an emergency. After graduating from dad appreciation flight training, there is still one more step before you can call yourself a bona fide flight attendant. The familiarization flight, or line indoctrination flight, is the day care business first flight on which a new attendant serves. Trainees observe and assist senior crew members with their in flight duties, and experience their first real interaction with customers. During this flight, you are expected to hone your skills with the help of an experienced flight crew.
When you’re up in the air, you’re not just a flight attendant. You are also a nurse, a plumber, a firefighter and a chef, just to name a few of the roles you will have to occupy. Flight attendant training will teach you a variety of skills that will prepare you to cope with any situation that you might face. It takes time and commitment to become a flight attendant, but the job is worth the effort. On Festivals? After one to two months of intensive training, you will be well on your way down a rewarding and business, lucrative career path. Flight attendant school is an investment in a promising future.
One of the first things that you have to realize if interested in essay, becoming a flight attendant is that it is much more than what the job seems like on the surface. You have to have the psychological, emotional and mental qualities necessary to day care plan make it in this career field. When thinking about this career and if it is right for you, consider the following qualities, which are what are considered to be necessary for essays on festivals, this position: Flexible/Adaptable : In the airline business, things often change at a moment’s notice. You have to be able to adapt to these changes and embrace them. Compassionate and caring : It is plan, necessary that you have a soft spot for people who are on the flight. Being sympathetic and understanding is quite helpful. Patience : Picky passengers, crying infants, demanding pilots, smelly bathrooms…if you are not patient, then you will not make it as a flight attendant. Sense of 1000 word essay on shoplifting, humor : If you have a sense of humor toward passengers, as well as yourself, it can help to remedy even extremely awkward situations. Focused and calm demeanor : You are the day care manager – you have to make sure that everything works as it should ensure a safe and comfortable flight for is atticus finch a hero, everyone. Team player : The cabin crew is your team and business plan, everyone has to pull their weight.
Be sure you are a team player. Punctuality : Airlines rely on essays on festivals, the clock to keep running as they should. You have to be on time, every time. Tact and diplomacy : You are not going to be just another crew member. When it comes to the passengers, you are a representative of the day care airline.
You have to make sure you are representing it in a proper way. One of the things that you have to essay realize is that you should not take anything personally. In some cases, you will come across a passenger who wants to day care plan vent their frustration and while you may not be the right person to talk to, they want to be sure they are heard. Act with compassion and empathy and essays on festivals, make sure that you don’t take the issues, blame, fault or anything else personally. Basic Requirements for Flight Attendants. From the perspective of an airline, it is essential to find a person who has the right combination of talent and skills to day care ensure that the person is going to represent the is atticus finch a hero company well while providing a quality on-board experience for passengers. While each airline will have unique and day care plan, specific requirements in regard to dad appreciation essay the type of aircraft, geography, culture, destinations, etc. there are some universal requirements that will be necessary to business plan understand. Regardless of if you are a flight attendant in New Mexico who can speak Spanish fluently or one in format for research, the Arctic who must load and unload cargo, you have to meet the specified criteria in order to fulfill the duties, you will have while on the plane. Your overall competency, personality, and skills have to be screened heavily so that the people hiring are sure you will meet and business, exceed the necessary requirements. Now the question is, what is that magic formula that recruiters are looking for to find competent and qualified candidates? The answer is found in a few requirements.
If you want to be considered seriously as a candidate for essays on festivals, a flight attendant job, then you need to possess as many of the following requirements on this list. Background and Citizenship Checks. In the business plan U.S., you have to be a citizen or have received authorization to essays work in the United States and be allowed unrestricted, multiple entry out of day care business, and into the country. The majority of airlines are explicit in regard to on festivals these requirements. Also, all members of the cabin crew have to apply for a Transportation Security Administration security clearance pass. If you are unable to satisfy the required background checks, then you will not be able to work for any of the airlines in existence. In addition to seeking airline and government clearance, if you do not yet have a passport, you will have to also apply for that. If anything questionable or unsavory about your background is found out, then you will not continue on with the selection process. Day Care Business? In the U.S., it is required that you have a diploma or a GED (Government Equivalency Degree). While most airlines specify that a high school degree is needed, this is finch a hero, typically considered to be the plan absolute minimum. In all reality, a higher level of interior design questions, education is going to be preferred.
There are quite a few flight attendants today who have earned university degrees. An airline will recognize when a flight attendant has the ideal combination of life experience and post-secondary education, which helps them be better equipped to handle any on-bard situation they may experience. It may also help them earn consideration for a management position down the road. Experience in Customer Service. For those who have ever worked as a tour guide, in a clothing store or call center, or any other area where customer service experience was gained, then they may be able to have a competitive advantage when working toward the career goal of being a flight attendant.
While there are some who think customer service goals are able to be learned while on the job, this is not something that most airlines are going to want to have to train new flight attendants in. In fact, once hired, 95 percent of day care business, all training a flight attendant receives will be in relation to cabin safety. In the U.S., a fluency in the English language will be necessary, but carriers that go overseas will require flight attendants who also speak another language. In some cases, airlines will hire flight attendants based mainly on interior questions, language competency. In the United States, a language flight attendant is referred to as LOD/O’s. It can be difficult for companies to day care find people who speak certain languages, which means that the language requirements may override other criteria used to make a selection. Also, a candidate who is design essay questions, able to pass the day care business language fluency tests, but who does not have any customer service experience may still be hired instead of a candidate who has as much as two years of experience in regard to the service industry, based on the needs of the airline.
An advantage offered by being a language flight attendant is that they are often the basic outline format very last ones that will be laid off during cutbacks. The beverage trolley that is day care business, used in most airplanes can weigh more than 200 pounds when they are fully loaded. Being able to pull the trolley up the aisle will require quite a bit of physical strength. Stamina physical well-being is necessary for this role. If a person is not physically fit then they are not going to on festivals be as prepared to handle the plan often grueling tasks required of on festivals, a flight attendant. Someone who knows how to take care of themselves and day care plan, who leads a better lifestyle will be more capable of handling the effects of jet lag than others.
For most airlines, there is a height minimum for flight attendants of at least 5’2”. A person’s physical stature is crucial when they are working on a wide or narrow body aircraft and it is important they can reach the overhead bins. If a person is overweight, they have asthma, a heart condition, diabetes or some other significant health issue, they will likely not pass the dad appreciation medical exam issued by the airline. All airlines want to find healthy candidates who are able to look after their passengers, not the opposite. Much like the background check, the day care business medical exam will reveal the actual picture of design essay, a person’s physical health, even if they decide to embellish the day care business truth. Essay Writers? If a person has a history of alcohol or drug abuse it will be found during the business tests that they are required to take.
Some of the tests that are administered during this evaluation including eye, ear, heart, urine and blood tests. Academia Writers? The person’s weight and height will be measured, as well. If you are a person who makes concrete plans that can’t be changed, then the life of a flight attendant is not for you. Your travels may result in you being gone for up to seven days. This means that you need to have a flexible lifestyle and be willing to work at night, on the weekends and on holidays. Day Care Plan? In most cases, the recruiter you speak with will ask you if you are willing to dad appreciation relocate. It is plan, essential to basic outline say yes. Adaptable and flexible candidates are the ones who will get hired first.
Having a well-groomed and day care business, neat appearance is essential. In some cases, the pass or fail as a flight attendant may come down to interior design a tattoo that is barely able to be seen on your wrist, or the three or four earrings you have in only one ear. While there is no need to be a supermodel, appearance matters when you are working with the public. Passengers who are on the plane will expect the person who is hanging their coat or handing them their meal to appear professional and be a representation of the airline. Wrinkled uniforms make the day care business statement that a person just doesn’t care. 1000 Essay? There are a number of factors that should be considering when thinking about what airlines you should apply to. Factors such as the details of the aircraft that will be worked on, the city where you are going to be based and where you will be flying are all important. It is business plan, not uncommon for a person to work for a number of different airlines during their career. This can result to academia essay a number of factors, but something a person should be aware of. Day Care Business? Creating a Targeted Strategy. Applying for a flight attendant position will require a bit of research on your part.
It is essential that you have a bit of information and basic format for research, background about the business plan airline you would like to work for. This will also help you determine what airline is best for your work preferences and lifestyle. Prior to sending in an application for your first job as a flight attendant, be sure to ask the following questions: What type of travel benefits are offered by the company? Would you prefer a job based on a cold or warm climate? Do you want to be close to family? Does the company offer any type of basic outline for research paper, medical benefits? What are the routes that the company flies? What is their initial salary offerings? What is the top wage?
What are the current number of day care business, flight attendants who are employed by the airline? Would you rather work on a large or small plane? Do they offer a pension plan? When you have created a targeted strategy, you will have a clear picture of what you want and where you should concentrate your efforts. Remember, you don’t control the a hero hiring process and having a targeted approach can be quite beneficial. Creating Your Airline Resume. It is important to day care plan create a resume that outlines your desire for finch, a role as a flight attendant. Day Care Business Plan? Some of the elements of an effective airline cover letter and resume are found here. Research : Take some time to research the telugu essays company that you are applying to so that you will have a better chance of being called for business plan, an interview. Company Lingo : Use the common language of the company in your cover letter and essay, resume, which may require you to visit their website to get a feel for their personality or vibe. Work history : Be sure to list all your work history and how it would apply to the role as a flight attendant.
Personality : Be sure to let your personality shine through your resume and cover letter. Beneficial skills and abilities : What will make you an asset to the airline? Remember, when typing up your resume, you should keep it short and sweet and stick to day care business the facts. This will help ensure you provide only the vital information. If your efforts are successful, you will be called in for an interview. Be sure that you look professional and that you exert yourself as being competent and able to complete the job.
There is 1000, no way to guarantee you will land the job, but when you use the tips here to prepare, you will have a much better chance to finally get the job you want as a flight attendant.
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Leonard Cohen Albums From Worst To Best. Several years ago, The Atlantic published a controversial essay by a healthy, middle-aged oncologist who hoped to die at 75. Among his reasons — the pain and physical deterioration that accompanies old age, a disinterest in subjecting himself to the modern desperation to extend life at all costs — was an day care business interesting meditation on the slowing of creativity. The author, Dr. Design Essay. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, suggests “some deep underlying biological determinism” accounting for this decline. “The fact is that by 75,” Emanuel argues, “creativity, originality, and productivity are pretty much gone for business plan, the vast, vast majority of us.” Leonard Cohen must have never read it. Or he was the outline, ultimate outlier. His late-in-life creative renaissance was largely unparalleled. Business. During the telugu on festivals, final years of business plan his astounding career — as he neared and then surpassed the age of 80 — Cohen published a book of poetry, toured the whole goddamn world (his first such tour since 1993), headlined Coachella, completed his first new album in seven years, toured the world yet again , and then released two more albums of excellent quality just two years apart. And he kept at academia essay writers it until the very end. You Want It Darker , Cohen’s final release, a great and moving album that lives up to its title in all sorts of ways, appeared on 10/21.
The artist died on 11/7. It is difficult to conceive of business any great songwriter who stared down death, decline, or the dulling of the creative mind with more humor and fury and strength than Leonard Cohen. Like many fans, I keep returning to that New Yorker profile, in which Cohen tells David Remnick, “I am ready to die. I hope it’s not too uncomfortable. That’s about it for me.” Read it again: That’s about it for me . As if his body of work were something trivial and is atticus finch a hero essays small, as if his life and career were just a little blip. Day Care. (Cohen’s unfailing modesty was always a part of his charm.) To the contrary, the songwriter released 14 studio albums of remarkable quality and stylistic range spread across five decades of history. Two of them are indisputable masterpieces, and all of them are worth owning. (Well, maybe except one — we’ll get to that.) And now, as we grapple with a scary world made scarier by a president-elect who’ll remain nameless, we will need Leonard Cohen’s music as much as ever — its gloomy solace, its humor and grace in the face of is atticus essays horror, its stark and distinctly Jewish awareness of history and oppression. One quick note: I wrote this feature, or most of it, in October, during the day care plan, weeks after Leonard Cohen told The New Yorker that he was ready to die but before his premonition came true. I knew he was grappling with his mortality.
I did not know it would come so soon. Word Essay. And I did not plan for this to be published in day care business memoriam. So I have made some small changes — sadly but inevitably converting verbs from the design essay questions, present to the past tense — but have otherwise kept it the day care business plan, same. Questions. This feature is not a reflection on his death. It is day care business, a celebration of essays on festivals his life’s work. In 2004, Leonard Cohen made plans to name his new release Old Ideas . He scratched that title before using it for business plan, a very different album in 2012, which is perhaps a shame — it would have been a telling title to basic outline for research, attach to Dear Heather , an odd little album that blurs the line between new LP and business rarities collection. It’s an telugu on festivals unusually scattered release, with lingering ties to previous projects. Some ideas are in fact very much old: There are several Ten New Songs rejects, one tepid Recent Songs castaway (“The Faith”), and a performance of a country standard that was recorded live way back in 1985. The song is plan, “Tennessee Waltz,” and it’s not a particularly great recording, which makes its inclusion here seem like a particularly baffling afterthought.
Cohen never made an outright bad record, but Dear Heather is by word on shoplifting far his most disjointed and unsatisfying work. Three tracks here were left aside from business Ten New Songs , though only one of them (the darkly funny “The Letters,” which reprises the epistolary theme of academia writers “Famous Blue Raincoat”) is business plan, strong enough to have warranted inclusion. “On That Day,” an obviously new tune, addresses 9/11 directly, but the song is brief, its reflections feel perfunctory and noncommittal (“Some people say / It’s what we deserve”), and any dramatic momentum is felled by the goofy cadence of essay on shoplifting a Jew’s harp. Day Care. (The instrument makes an irritating reemergence on “Nightingale,” a jaunty folk tune based around a melody by the late singer Carl Anderson.) Now for the good. Dear Heather has an experimental, free-form element that’s unique in the Cohen catalog. Interior Design. I’m Your Man and The Future had lots of day care unorthodox textures, but they were still composed of essays on festivals songs , in the most traditional sense. Business Plan. Dear Heather is different. It contains sketches, spoken monologues, loose interpretations of other artists’ work, a hymn.
On “To A Teacher” and “Because Of” — a funny, bizarre verse about women being “exceptionally kind to essay, my old age” — Cohen recites poetry in a gruff murmur, seemingly oblivious to the homespun accompaniment that flutters around him. “Villanelle For Our Time” is business, a lovely spoken-word experiment in which Cohen recites a poem by the late Montreal poet F. Essay On Shoplifting. R. Scott. And the title track, in which our hero obsesses over some woman’s white legs in emotionless unison with a female voice, is day care, perhaps the strangest thing he has ever recorded. What’s also strange is the antiseptic, muzak-y sheen of these arrangements. Cohen’s embrace of synthesizers was not a new development in 2004, but Dear Heather sounds almost comically sterile, like karaoke cassettes that somehow landed in the hands of Canada’s poet of darkness. Design Essay. In his “Hallelujah” book, Alan Light quotes a listener who thought Ten New Songs sounded “like a guy in the subway with a keyboard who decided to business plan, burn a CD.” Dear Heather somehow sounds even tackier, like novelty tunes crossbred with a poetry recital. Dear Heather was commonly assumed to be Cohen’s final album, which almost seems funny now in retrospect. An AllMusic reviewer sensed “an air of finality” in the record and, in a generous review, described it as “a fine, decent, and design essay questions moving way to day care business, close this chapter of the book of his life.” Stylus Magazine (RIP) dissented but partook in 1000 word the same morbid speculation, fearing that the plan, record was “a particularly dour, unsatisfying way to end such an intriguing career.” Hearing Dear Heather in the mid-2000s, there was this sense that Cohen was finally slipping, that the old master might now lose his vitality.
It was hard to imagine he had much left, song-wise. At the questions, time there really wasn’t any precedent for day care, rock- and folk-era singers carrying on past 70, and this seemed a muddled note to basic for research paper, go out on. And we were wrong. So, so wrong. This, perhaps, is Leonard Cohen’s greatest gift — proving us wrong, so many times. Recorded at the absolute nadir of Cohen’s commercial career, Various Positions is best remembered for a song that made virtually no impact in 1984 but became a global phenomenon some 17–20 years after its release.
As Saturday Night Live just demonstrated, it remains a phenomenon still today. Of course I’m referring to “Heart With No Companion” — I kid, I kid — OK, “Hallelujah.” The version recorded here, long before some freakish combination of Shrek and business plan 9/11 immortalized the minor fall and the major lift, sounds tentative, a first draft that drowns the outline format paper, song’s stark emotional weight under reverb and studio cheese, which is pretty indicative of business its parent album. Various Positions hints at word essay Cohen’s remarkable embrace of synth-pop production but doesn’t quite commit. The track list features several unassailable classics and an unusually high proportion of forgettable tunes, if not outright filler. (After listening to “The Captain” and “Hunter’s Lullaby” dozens of times I can barely recall anything about them.) This is an album that inches toward reinvention but falls into day care, the prototypical transition-album territory. In other words, it is basic, more of a pivotal Leonard Cohen album than a great Leonard Cohen album. Cohen reunited with erstwhile producer John Lissauer, but the result sounds nothing like New Skin For The Old Ceremony . The jazz flourishes have been supplanted by Cohen’s burgeoning interest in synthesizers. The whole thing’s soaked in day care business plan an ocean of reverb, making it immediately dated.
The production has that murky mid-’80s quality — the is atticus a hero, drums on “Coming Back To You” might as well have been recorded underwater — while Cohen’s voice is just beginning to deepen, a change he half-jokingly attributed to “50,000 cigarettes and several swimming pools of whiskey.” Not yet the raspy husk it would become by 1992’s The Future , it is markedly lower and business plan heavier than on the early records. Anyway, enough about “Hallelujah.” The song’s journey from is atticus a hero essays deep cut to modern spiritual psalm is as mysterious as anything in Cohen’s career. Plan. Alan Light’s book The Holy Or The Broken is a pretty exhaustive chronicle of the telugu on festivals, song, as well as a fascinating account of the day care business, Various Positions sessions. It’s a great song, and we could probably all do without ever hearing it again. (Though if you’ve only known the Rufus Wainwright or Jeff Buckley renditions, Cohen’s recording is worth hearing and might make you grimace.) The real gem here is “Dance Me To The End Of Love,” a shimmering, Klezmer-flavored standout that finds beauty in the bleak environs of a concentration camp. The song’s tinny Casio and primitive drum machine ushered in a whole new musical vocabulary for Cohen, while also spotlighting co-vocalist Jennifer Warnes as an word essay indispensable collaborator. Yet this material evidently didn’t move Walter Yetnikoff, president of Columbia Records. The famous story is that Yetnikoff refused to release the album and summoned Cohen to business plan, his office to tell him, “Look, we know you’re great, but we don’t know if you’re any good.” It was a crushing rejection. Cohen was forced to release Positions on an independent label Stateside, and according to Light’s book, Lissauer’s production career was basically squashed. Though he rebounded and interior design questions had the last laugh with “Hallelujah,” Cohen only wound up releasing two albums during the 1980s. Fans might find it odd that I’ve ranked one of day care business plan them quite high on this list (spoiler!) while ranking the dad appreciation essay, other so low. But much of Various Positions feels like a dry run for I’m Your Man . It’s a lesser work on pretty much every scale — in production, in songcraft, in vision. “Coming Back To You” is very good but dwarfed by “Ain’t No Cure For Love,” a bolder, better AOR mid-tempo seduction. “If It Be Your Will” is day care plan, a strong hymn of devotion and is atticus surrender that hardly tops the howl-at-your-beauty-like-a-dog-in-heat creepiness of day care business plan “I’m Your Man.”
There is an alternate universe where “Hallelujah” languished forever in format for research paper obscurity, where Various Positions was Cohen’s final album — or never released at all — and he enjoyed a lengthy retirement, his commercial prospects finally dried up; a world where the day care business, singer might be about as famous today as, say, Donovan or Jim Croce. I’m glad we do not live in that world. The producers of Shrek are glad we do not live in that world. And the basic for research paper, two albums that followed Various Positions are reason enough to be glad we don’t live in that world. The sophomore slump. It’s not bad, just…not nearly as good as the business, debut. Songs From A Room is a decent enough album that has the misfortune of falling squarely between Cohen’s great 1967 debut and a hero essays his wrenching 1971 masterpiece. Day Care. It is the basic outline format for research, least distinctive of Cohen’s early, folkie records, with an odd, austere vibe that spotlights stories about revolutionaries and biblical parables rather than the singer’s more romantic obsessions. Cohen had a longstanding interest in country music, so after an business aborted session with David Cosby, he decamped to a farm outside of Nashville and is atticus a hero hired Bob Johnston ( Blonde On Blonde ; Sounds Of Silence ) to be his producer. There is a slight country feel to recordings like “The Old Revolution” and “Tonight Will Be Fine,” with their jaunty tempos and root-fifth bass lines, though Cohen never commits to the stylistic guise as wholeheartedly as he would later try on doo-wop and business synth-pop. Johnston’s arrangements are sparse but not spartan; one of dad appreciation essay his less successful experiments was incorporating a Jew’s harp that serves little melodic purpose beyond buzzing in day care plan the background.
Qualms aside, Cohen has always had a knack for choosing unimpeachable opening tracks — “Suzanne,” “Dance Me To The End Of Love,” “The Future” — and so this record begins with one of the pillars of his early songbook, “Bird On A Wire,” a live staple that packs maximal emotion into minimal imagery. Outline Format For Research. Cohen famously wrote the track after seeing a bird on a phone wire when he was living on the Greek island of Hydra. It’s hard to top that, and Songs From A Room never quite does, though there are definite gems like “The Partisan” (an eerie interpretation of day care business plan a French song about the World War II resistance movement), “The Butcher” (biblical imagery side-by-side with heroin), and “Seems So Long Ago, Nancy” (a tribute to a disturbed young acquaintance who committed suicide a few years prior). If young-folkie Leonard Cohen is your favorite Leonard Cohen, don’t skip the album. On the telugu essays, cover of Recent Songs is a portrait of Cohen by the artist Dianne V. Lawrence. He’s depicted gazing toward the viewer with a blank, focused expression. Cohen was no longer a young man, as evidenced by day care the jowls around his cheeks and streaks of gray in his hair (he’d turned 45 a week before Recent Songs appeared). 1000. There is a hummingbird above his right shoulder — the business plan, same bird that would reappear on the cover of The Future 13 years later, a symbol of happiness and endurance. The album cover projects a sense of writers calm. It’s a much more stately, settled scene than the erotic imagery that adorns New Skin or the hints of debauchery in Death Of A Ladies’ Man ’s sleeve art, which is about right: Recent Songs is something of a return to normalcy.
After a period of instability and wild stylistic diversions, this sixth album returned the songwriter to the more traditional folk terrain of his early releases — with somewhat less consistent songwriting. If not Cohen’s most provocative collection, Recent Songs is business, one of his most confident and surefooted, and it came as a relief to fans alienated by his mid-’70s dive into decadence. For any fan, there is plenty to love here — “The Gypsy’s Wife” is a minor classic, a bible-referencing lament for academia essay, Cohen’s would-be wife Suzanne Elrod, while “The Smokey Life” is positively gorgeous, with wistful lyrics about day care plan letting go of a spent love and two-part harmonies that foreshadow “Dance Me To The End Of Love.” New Skin producer John Lissauer gets a writing credit on “Came So Far For Beauty,” a strong holdover from the scrapped Songs For Rebecca project, while Lissauer’s jazzy influence persists on “Our Lady Of Solitude” (one of several tracks spotlighting the jazz-rock group Passenger) and the Mariachi-flavored “The Lost Canadian (Un Canadien Errant).” Yet the intensity that drives Cohen’s best work is missing from lengthy and 1000 word on shoplifting meandering narrative-driven tracks like “The Traitor” and “Ballad Of The Absent Mare.” Recent Songs stands as one of the day care, more conservative moves in a career that has otherwise dazzled with sharp left turns. Few Cohen fans will single it out as the man’s greatest work, but just as few will doubt that it has some real gems. Yet the album feels like the end of something, and not just because it came at essay writers the tail end of the ’70s, Cohen’s most prolific decade. It marks the final record of his early period, the final record that takes gypsy folk — acoustic guitar, subdued arrangements, a sparse rhythm section — as its backdrop, the day care plan, final record that featured the academia essay, gift of plan his golden voice before its slow evolution into a Tom Waits-ian half-grunt. Lyrically, too, Cohen is concerned with farewells and endings, particularly of the romantic sort: “So set your restless heart at ease / Take a lesson from these autumn leaves,” he sings on questions “The Smokey Life”; “they waste no time waiting for the snow.” And the snow came for Cohen, too. He was deeply unfashionable during the day care business, punk era. Cohen endured some years of wilderness, a humiliating rejection — followed by what would be the academia essay writers, greatest comeback of his career. Nobody expected this — perhaps not even Cohen.
As he reached his mid-70s, the old folksinger made a startling return to creative life. He toured for the first time in day care 15 years, singing and tipping his fedora to adoring crowds around the world throughout much of 2008 and 2009. The development was at outline paper least partly motivated by money: Cohen discovered several years earlier that he had been defrauded out of business millions in retirement savings by his longtime manager, and plotted a tour to regain financial solvency. Telugu Essays. But after the tour, instead of enjoying his renewed retirement funds with, well, retirement, Cohen immediately went to work on his 12th album. And when the plan, album finally emerged, it ushered in a new prolific period for the aging master.
Old Ideas arrived at the beginning of 2012, seven years after Dear Heather , and in some ways it sounds as if that 2004 album never happened. Interior Design Essay. The karaoke synths and spoken-word monologues are discarded. Ideas is the most acoustic and day care plan organic-sounding Cohen album in decades. Dad Appreciation Essay. He’d begun playing guitar again after so many albums of day care plan drum machines and synths, as evidenced by bluesy, stripped-down tracks like “Darkness” (which Cohen debuted during that preceding tour), “Banjo,” and “Crazy To Love You.” I suppose you could argue this is the essays on festivals, closest thing to a folk album Cohen had made in day care 33 years, though Old Ideas is an album of quiet renewal and basic reflection, full of inspired production quirks courtesy of Patrick Leonard (check those shimmering funk organs on plan “Different Sides”). Essays. On the vocal side, Cohen shows off a gruff, talk-singing style that’s midway between the Dear Heather spoken-word stuff and The Future — it sounds like an day care business old man in your bible-study group trying to telugu, learn to rap. And it is a funny, playful album, too. Cohen carried a reputation for being gloomy and depressing — Leon Wieseltier famously declared him “The Prince Of Bummers” — but he rarely gets credit for how funny he really was. Day Care Business Plan. This is a guy who once rounded up Bob Dylan for a session only to telugu essays, relegate him to distant background vocals on a song called “Don’t Go Home With Your Hard-on.” Old Ideas is suffused with the day care business, artist’s dry wit. Even the album art is funny as hell: a photograph of Cohen seated in a lawn chair, decked out in a suit and sunglasses, looking vampiric and totally miserable. Dad Appreciation. On “Anyhow,” he’s reaching out to an estranged lover with a self-deprecating plea: “I know you have to hate me / But could you hate me less?” And on day care business plan “Going Home,” the essay, sardonic opener, he mocks himself and day care business his slowed creative output from the telugu essays, perspective of an unnamed authority figure — perhaps God: “I love to speak with Leonard / He’s a sportsman and business a shepherd / He’s a lazy bastard living in a suit.” Except hardly lazy. Old Ideas would be the first of three new records in five years, a remarkable late-career renaissance that kept Cohen creatively active right up to his final months.
Here’s the finch, step-by-step guide for reviewing a late-career Leonard Cohen album. Day Care Business Plan. 1) Mention the artist’s advanced age. Popular Problems was released on the eve of Cohen’s 80th birthday, so this was made certain. 2) Assume that this is his final offering. A Hero Essays. (Until this year’s You Want It Darker , this assumption was always incorrect.) Use phrases like “air of finality” and “sense of encroaching mortality.” 3) Scour the lyrics for business, references to death and essay writers dying. On Popular Problems , you don’t have to day care plan, look hard. On the terrifying “Almost Like The Blues,” he quips: “I have to die a little / Between each murderous thought / And when I’m finished thinking / I have to die a lot.” And on 1000 word essay “Samson In New Orleans” — a tedious ballad and the album’s only wasted moment — he declares himself “blind with death and anger.” 4) Use the day care business, word “autumnal” at least once.
As Steven Hyden argued just a month ago, critics have been prematurely burying Cohen since long before he actually died, neglecting the format for research paper, fact that he has honest-to-God made more great albums this decade than Kanye West. When our greatest songwriters grow elderly and day care business plan gray, we write them off, failing to dad appreciation, imagine that they have anything new to say unless it’s “farewell.” Yet Cohen was surprising and challenging us up until the day care business, end. Released just two-and-a-half years after Old Ideas — the songwriter had not put out dad appreciation records with such frequency since the Carter Administration — Popular Problems shakes with a late-career urgency that’s inspired and rare. Day Care. It’s a terse, excellent little album that’s home to some of Cohen’s sharpest one-liners and most unusual arrangements (check out “Nevermind,” with its thumping beat and guest appearance by the kirtan singer Donna DeLory). Dad Appreciation Essay. Producer Patrick Leonard, known for his work with Madonna, devised some surprising instrumental backdrops for Cohen’s raspy and rap-like delivery, from the menacing bass rumble of plan “Almost Like The Blues” to the skeletal groove of “Slow.” The paradox is that Cohen was speeding up his output by such an telugu essays urgent degree, yet the track list reflects his habit of taking years, even decades, to perfect a single song. Business. “My methods are obscure and not to be replicated,” he told an on festivals audience around the time. “A song will yield itself if you stick with it long enough.” (“Hallelujah” notably remained a work in progress for Cohen even after he released it.) “Born In Chains,” a musical telling of the Exodus story that overlays Cohen’s spoken vocals with those of day care business plan his backup singers, was in progress as early as the late 1980s. “Nevermind” was published as a poem in finch a hero essays the 2006 collection Book Of Longing . And “A Street,” the album’s most mysterious and masterful verse, originated shortly after 9/11 yet took years to nail down. Day Care Business Plan. It is funny and grim, wistful but not nostalgic, obsessed with the past but not beholden to it — like so much of the essay, man’s work itself. Leonard Cohen was terrible at day care business album titles. Just hilariously bad.
It’s the first thing a new listener will notice about his discography. The titles frequently contain the word “songs” and often just seem to on festivals, state the day care plan, obvious: Songs Of Leonard Cohen , Songs From A Room , Recent Songs . Later, he intended to name his 2004 release Old Ideas but was talked out of dad appreciation essay it for day care plan, fear that fans would confuse it with a best-of compilation. Never one to let a weak album title go to waste, Cohen pocketed the interior essay, phrase and used it for his 2012 album. But Ten New Songs — the day care plan, name of Cohen’s 10th collection — is not as thuddingly obvious a title as it seems. There’s even something slyly revelatory about it: By the dad appreciation, time the album appeared, during the fraught fall of 2001, Cohen fans weren’t expecting to plan, get any new songs from the man, much less 10 of them. As Pitchfork’s Brian Howe wrote in 2004, witnessing Cohen’s mysterious return was “like discovering a long-deceased relative sitting in the parlor and essay patting their lap for you to come sit as if they’d never left.” The fact that the new songs were very strong, provided you have a high tolerance for Casio-fueled muzak arrangements, was a nice bonus. Business. These are just lovely, understated songs from start to finish. Is Atticus Finch A Hero. (The Robert Frost-quoting “A Thousand Kisses Deep” is the one stinker.) There is day care plan, not much that will bowl you over with wrenching emotional magnitude, but there is is atticus a hero essays, plenty in business plan the way of rich, vivid lyrics and gorgeous melodies. Finch Essays. The Cohen songbook contains few tracks as wistful as “In My Secret Life,” a sly little R#038;B groove that puts a lump in your throat in the album’s opening minutes; few tracks as soulful as “You Have Loved Enough”; few songs as quietly damning as “The Land Of Plenty.” And the record is dotted with subtle references to prior material: “Love Itself,” for instance, combines a waltzy arpeggio that echoes “Hallelujah” with imagery that brings to mind 1971’s “Love Calls You By Your Name.” Sharon Robinson, Cohen’s backup singer since the Recent Songs days, is the chief collaborator here. She co-wrote every song, recorded the album in her home studio, and business plan received a producer credit as well.
Robinson brings the academia essay, album a cozy late-night R#038;B feel, with backing vocals that are far more intimate than those big-budget gospel choirs on The Future . The arrangements are at once elegant and cheap, like the grainy webcam photo that adorns the front cover. Cohen’s songs are more reflective, more reconciliatory, than on The Future or I’m Your Man . He’d just emerged from five years in a Zen monastery. In interviews, he stated that he came out of plan a lengthy depression around this time. So there’s none of the despair that suffused The Future , and, as the title Ten New Songs suggests, not much of the conceptual unity either. (September 11 was months away when the album was completed, so don’t read too much into the vaguely prophetic “Land Of Plenty.”) But the 1000 word essay on shoplifting, songs are just stellar, rich, full of loss — all that good stuff. On “Alexandra Leaving,” Cohen grapples with a love affair’s end with melancholy and grace: “Suddenly the night has grown colder / The god of love preparing to depart.” The drums are tinny and fake, but the plan, emotions are real as hell. Leonard Cohen had a remarkable singing voice. I mean this sincerely. He didn’t always. On the is atticus finch a hero essays, early records, his vocals were nasally and thin; author Sheila Weller once described it as a “brazenly unmusical drone of a voice.” (My favorite entry in day care the Leonard-Cohen-can’t-sing files: that funny little voice crack he does at 3:59 in essay writers “Sing Another Song, Boys.”) Later, on “Tower Of Song,” Cohen joked that he was “born like this, I had no choice / I was born with the day care, gift of a golden voice.” The song appeared on I’m Your Man , an 1000 album that’s been selected by Tom Waits as one of his all-time favorites. Then Cohen began to business, sound like he was challenging Waits’ whiskey-soaked larynx to a gurgling contest on dad appreciation some deranged pirate ship. Anyone can cover “Bird On The Wire” with an day care plan acoustic guitar at an open mic.
Try singing “It Seemed The Better Way” in that husky, underworld octave of his. Essay Writers. On the title track of Cohen’s 14th and final album, the plan, singer repeats the Hebrew expression “Hineni” in dad appreciation essay a voice that sounds as ancient and weathered as the phrase’s biblical roots. It is a hollowed-out husk of a voice, a voice that has seen so much life and so much death and carries so much of both with it. We are not accustomed to hearing canonized songwriters sing in a voice like this. We are also not accustomed to seeing stars put out plan albums as great as You Want It Darker a month past their 82nd birthday. Basic Outline Format Paper. We barely have a vocabulary for it. “Hineni,” that Hebrew phrase, is loosely translated to day care business plan, mean “Here I am” or “I’m ready,” in the sense of taking stock of one’s life, declaring oneself to God.
The utterance took on for research paper especially morbid dimensions when Cohen told the New Yorker he was “ready to die” just before the album’s release. And then, just like that, he died. Now, You Want It Darker , like Bowie’s Blackstar , will be inextricably linked to day care business, the artist’s death. Essay. It’ll always be a farewell album. And like Blackstar , it is day care business plan, a remarkable parting gift. But Cohen was not yet gone when he made this — whatever his health problems were, the interior, songs are full of life and grace, reflections on a life lived well but not at all simply. On the title track, with its nimble bass line and apocalyptic choir, he rattles off atrocities with razor-sharp urgency. Day Care Business Plan. On the rousing “Steer Your Way,” he is full of dad appreciation steely resolve to get through “the pain that is far more real than you.” “Traveling Light,” an Eastern-tinged number that echoes “Dance Me To The End Of Love,” crackles with his trademark dark wit. The song’s arrangement is an unusual pairing of whining violins and a distant electronic beat. Even in his 82nd year, Cohen was still digging into new musical territory. Business. (Much credit belongs to Patrick Leonard and essay the songwriter’s son, Adam Cohen, who share the day care business plan, production credit.) Darker is less reliant on female backing vocalists than any album Cohen had made in decades; his own remarkable voice, worn but not defeated, slides into full focus. Cohen apparently recorded some of telugu essays these vocals into a microphone placed on the dining-room table because his back problems made it tough for him to leave the business, house.
Perhaps he knew it would mark his final recordings, perhaps not, but he still spent those final months committing himself to the greatness that has defined his career. Meanwhile, the title track rumbles and shakes under the weight of a male synagogue choir, which reemerges to essay writers, lend a haunting backdrop to “Seemed A Better Way.” (The synagogue is the day care business plan, same one Cohen attended in his youth, adding to the perception that this record ties up the word essay, loose ends of his life.) The heaviest emotional gut punch might be “Leaving The Table,” a stark, downtrodden tune in which Cohen concedes that he’s “out of the game” in a voice that seems to plan, require his whole bodily strength. (On a funnier note, he also refers to his spent libido — or perhaps his penis — as a “wretched beast” now tamed.) In announcing Cohen’s death, his son Adam revealed that the interior essay questions, songwriter died peacefully “with the knowledge that he had completed what he felt was one of his greatest records.” The old man was not wrong. Rolling Stone called it “Leonard Cohen’s doo-wop nightmare.” The Toronto Star recommended it to “musical sadists.” The New York Times called it “bewildering.” Leonard Cohen himself called Death Of A Ladies’ Man “a catastrophe,” and he has made no secret of the fact that the day care business, record represents the most “flipped out,” drug-filled period of his career. I don’t have room to write a book-length exegesis of how Death Of A Ladies’ Man came to be (though there is essays on festivals, one waiting to be written), so here’s an overview: 1) Our hero went into the studio to write and record an album titled Songs For Rebecca with producer John Lissauer, then promptly abandoned the project and disappeared. 2) Cohen encountered Phil Spector backstage at day care a show in LA.
The legendary producer invited Cohen to his home, which Cohen remembers being so freezing he had to wear his coat indoors. 3) Spector locked the door — literally holding Cohen hostage in his cold-ass house — at telugu on festivals which point Cohen suggested, “As long as we are locked up, we might as well write some songs together.” 4) The pair spent a whole month writing an album and drinking to oblivion. Business Plan. 5) As soon as they entered the studio in early 1977, Spector’s famously unhinged behavior began to dad appreciation essay, take hold. He had guns. He had booze.
There were so many session musicians cramming the studio he could barely move. “I was flipped out at the time, and he certainly was flipped out,” Cohen later recalled, describing the megalomaniac producer’s mental state as “post-Wagnerian” if not “Hitlerian.” The famous story — first reportedin Ira B. Nadel’s biography Various Positions ) is day care business, that Spector one day brandished a loaded gun at Cohen’s throat and said, “I love you, Leonard,” to which Cohen meekly responded, “I hope you love me, Phil.” What’s wild is that these stories are entirely believable given Spector’s history — the academia essay, guy reportedly fired guns in the studio with John Lennon in 1974 and was decades later convicted of the day care business, 2003 murder of Lana Clarkson. (Cohen has been quoted describing him as a “Dr. A Hero Essays. Jekyll and plan Mr. Hyde situation” — he went nuts when he entered the studio.) So what does this have to do with the music? Basically, Spector’s lunacy was such that he literally kicked Cohen out of his own album and assumed creative control, drowning out the singer’s material in a grotesque fog of sound and orchestration. (“Cohen was actually pushed aside and ignored during the sessions,” Nadel writes, while his producer pulled a gun on an unsatisfactory violinist and became “so paranoid about the tapes that he took them home each night with an academia writers armed guard” — mixing the songs with zero input from his star.) So it’s a far cry from Cohen’s tasteful folk songs; on the record’s lewdest cut, “Don’t Go Home With Your Hard-on,” the singer literally shouts to business plan, be heard over the ruckus of an R#038;B boogie and dozens of backing vocalists, Bob Dylan and Allen Ginsberg among them. But now for the defense: I love the disastrously received record this unholy partnership created. Spector and Cohen were laughably mismatched — one a brilliant but megalomaniacal drunk obsessed with grandiosity; the academia writers, other a brooding songwriter accustomed to day care, spending years refining songs and arrangements — but their coupling brought us one of the most fascinating albums of the essay writers, 1970s.
Death Of A Ladies’ Man is a glorious mess, a distinctly ’70s glimpse of hubris and business plan excess. It is also entirely unlike any other record in Cohen’s catalog. If it weren’t so messy I’d be tempted to rank it even higher, but then the messiness is the point . Put Death Of A Ladies’ Man on essay in polite company and you’re guaranteed to arouse some sort of reaction, be it fascination or disgust, which is day care business plan, more than can be said for is atticus finch, the drab Side B of Various Positions . And the songs! The songs are very good. Day Care Business. Hell, the one-two-three punch of “Iodine” and “Paper Thin Hotel” and “Memories” are among the word essay on shoplifting, greatest songs Cohen ever made, with squealing saxophones and garish string flourishes soundtracking his on-tape meltdown.
The raucous “Memories,” a personal top-10 Cohen tune, is like doo-wop from hell; the title track, all nine minutes’ worth of day care romantic disillusionment, remains one of his most fascinating epics. And speaking of 1000 word arousal, Cohen has never been quite so preoccupied with the grittier details of sex (and this is a guy who had already sung about getting head from Janis Joplin). In “Memories,” he begs for the sight of a woman’s naked body; the title track tells of an orgy in a “many mirrored room”‘ “I Left A Woman Waiting” contains super romantic imagery about copulating “quick as dogs and truly dead.” Yet nothing here is quite as deliriously perverse as “Paper Thin Hotel,” in which our singer listens attentively to his ex-lover having sex through a hotel wall. (If Cohen’s vocals sound weirdly thin, it’s because they might very well be “guide vocals,” which he intended to re-record before Spector decided to hold the business plan, tapes hostage.) Death Of A Ladies’ Man is a bizarre, tortured, erotic — even garish — record. It’s not very polite, and for those who know Cohen from folk standards like “Suzanne,” its excesses might seem outright offensive.
But it’s a remarkable document, a woozy, near-psychotic mess of interior design sound and vision remarkably well-suited to the time and business the mood. Is Atticus Essays. Like a handful of other albums from the day care, era — Harry Nilsson’s Pussy Cats , the Rolling Stones’ Goats Head Soup — Ladies’ Man captures ’70s decadence and questions exhaustion with alarming frankness. We all sink to our lowest point some time or another, pushing our ear against day care plan a hotel wall to hear an ex getting laid, but rarely does it result in academia a piece of art as brilliantly grotesque as Death Of A Ladies’ Man . The album was disparaged upon release, but there does now seem to be a small but loyal cult of critical reappraisal, not too different from the one that’s sprung up around Neil Young’s Trans . Business. One of the best and essays most rousing defenses I’ve read is a piece by Tablet writer Liel Leibovitz. In a long essay, Leibovitz concludes that Ladies’ Man is “frequently terrible, deeply relevant, and not for one moment boring.” He’s right. And anyway, if you’re not grateful that Death Of A Ladies’ Man got made, be grateful that it got made without Leonard Cohen taking a bullet to the throat. When people who know little of Leonard Cohen, who have only day care plan a rudimentary knowledge of the songwriter, hear his name evoked — in conversation, perhaps, or during an awards show — this is what they probably envision. Not the essays, perverted doo-wop of Death Of A Ladies’ Man , certainly not the dinky karaoke beats of Dear Heather . They expect to hear something like “Suzanne” (Cohen’s most well-known song until “Hallelujah”), something as pleasant as “Sisters Of Mercy” or as quietly haunting as “One Of Us Cannot Be Wrong.” And if that doesn’t capture the full breadth of Cohen’s stylistic and plan thematic range, it’s still pretty goddamn great. Songs Of Leonard Cohen is as straightforwardly definitive as its title. While several of the singer’s contemporaries started their careers with tentative, middling debuts ( Song To A Seagull , for instance, by academia essay Cohen’s fleeting lover Joni Mitchell), Cohen’s vision was remarkably realized from the start. Of course, he was hardly young. The singer was well into his 30s and had already tried his hand as a poet and novelist, to mixed success, by day care the time Songs Of Leonard Cohen appeared in late 1967.
Few considered him a musician, and Cohen himself struggled with uncertainty about design essay questions his limited voice; performing at business the Newport Folk Festival shortly before Songs was recorded, he was said to 1000 word on shoplifting, have been overcome with anxiety and stage fright. (He refused to plan, tour until after Songs From A Room .) But the songs spoke for him. And Songs Of Leonard Cohen became the perfect introduction to basic outline for research paper, Cohen’s thin, unorthodox vocals and classical-inspired guitar “chop” (his unusual style of plucking, as heard on “Teachers,” “Stranger Song,” and day care business later “Avalanche”). The album was recorded in New York with folk-rock maestro John Simon, in academia a tiny Columbia studio outfitted with not much more than a chair, a mirror, and business plan some incense. The songs reflect that spare aesthetic: There is not a wasted note, nor a gratuitous syllable. Even then, Cohen had a remarkable precision of language in his songs. Look at the record’s dual love songs, “Hey, That’s No Way to Say Goodbye” and is atticus “So Long, Marianne” (a song now imbued with deeper emotion in light of Cohen’s 2016 letter to business plan, a dying Marianne Ihlen), and how much sadness and longing is conveyed in simple images: the hair upon the pillow “like a sleepy golden storm” or Marianne’s spider web “fastening my ankle to a stone.” “Suzanne,” an evocative paean to platonic travels with friend Suzanne Verdal, is of course the staple. Is Atticus. Yet it is not all fluffy love songs: “Stories Of The Street” and “One Of Us Cannot Be Wrong” introduced listeners to Cohen’s stormier emotional side. The latter song contains some of the songwriter’s most inscrutable verses and concludes in a wailing fit of catharsis — a neat preview of 1971’s heavier Songs of Love and day care plan Hate . You want it darker? Leonard Cohen never made a record more pointed and telugu essays on festivals despairing than 1992’s The Future . Day Care Business Plan. In a menacing and husky croak, the Montreal poet namechecks Stalin, demands “crack and anal sex,” and proclaims that he’s “seen the future, brother / It is murder” — all in the first minute of the record. Elsewhere, he invokes the Tiananmen Square Massacre, the telugu, AIDS crisis (“Democracy”), Charles Manson, and (in two separate tracks) the day care business plan, specter of Satan himself.
It’s heavy stuff, though with glimmers of hope: Instead of Cohen’s sullen mug, the album cover has an image of a heart breaking free from chains with the aid of a hummingbird. (Birds — on wires or otherwise — remain a potent theme in Cohen’s work.) “There is a crack in everything,” the design, singer intones on the Kabbalah-inspired “Anthem,” and business “that’s how the light gets in.” The quote went viral following Cohen’s death — and Trump’s victory — as an expression of hope and grace in the face of the unimaginable. Using the icy synths of I’m Your Man as a starting point, The Future digs into lengthier song structures, heavier gospel overtones, and is atticus essays more pointedly political subject matter. Business Plan. It’s more everything — this is Cohen’s most maximalist production, the drunken revelry of Ladies’ Man notwithstanding. 1000 Word. The singer recorded in day care business plan 10 different studios, according to biographer Anthony Reynolds, and the team Cohen assembled “was more akin to a movie production and included both a choir and an orchestra.” (Speaking of movies, even Rebecca De Mornay, Cohen’s girlfriend at the time, gets a production credit.) It paid off, generating some of the most complex and cinematic musical settings in telugu essays Cohen’s catalog, from the day care business plan, shivering synth loops of telugu essays “Waiting For The Miracle” (as ominous a song as Cohen has ever done) to the military march of “Democracy.” There are fleeting moments of levity in plan the form of two R#038;B covers, which find Cohen pausing his doomsday soothsayer role to try on a dirty-old-man guise (“I don’t give a damn about the truth, baby / Except for the naked truth,” he growls on “Be For Real”). Outline For Research Paper. But the heart of the album lies in searing originals — the title track, “Waiting For The Miracle,” “Democracy,” “Anthem” — delivered with the full force of moral reckoning. Even the uptempo drinking anthem, “Closing Time,” has semi-apocalyptic overtones, with references to day care, the devil and Christ and the Holy Spirit. The Future is grand in both scale and design.
Nearly every track exceeds the six-minute mark. (I’d argue the only tedious moment is “Light As The Breeze,” but the song’s dense imagery is telugu, nonetheless of fascination to anyone interested in probing the day care plan, spiritual and is atticus essays sexual planes of Cohen’s work.) Around the day care business plan, time of The Future and its corresponding tour, Cohen’s cool cred was unexpectedly restored by a new generation of alt-rock admirers. Essays. Once seen as a washed-up folkie, Cohen was suddenly namechecked in a Nirvana song (“Pennyroyal Tea”), covered by R.E.M. and Pixies (both on the scattered I’m Your Fan tribute), and even lampooned on the cover of business Ween’s The Pod . Finch Essays. Then, in day care 1994, The Future became eternally linked in pop culture with Oliver Stone’s Natural Born Killers , which featured three of its songs. Essays. Cohen didn’t spend very much time basking in the glow of his renewed success. Quite the contrary: He disappeared, spending the rest of the day care, decade in Buddhist seclusion at the Mt.
Baldy Zen Center, where he studied under the outline paper, elderly Zen master Kyozan Joshu Sasaki Roshi. He remained there for day care business, years, not releasing another album of interior new material for nearly a decade. The extended Buddhist retreat softened the day care business, man’s worldview, or at least ironed out some of the essay, seething terror. It also made him into even more of an day care business plan enigma. Cohen had always been a mysterious entity, but during that decade he seemed to academia, fade into pop culture ghosthood, leaving The Future behind as his would-be final masterpiece — searing, apocalyptic, and as suffused in myth and darkness as the plan, man himself. 3. New Skin For The Old Ceremony (1974) On the opening track of interior essay questions New Skin For The Old Ceremony , Leonard Cohen’s nasally warble rises to an agitated shout. “Is this what you wanted?” he asks, over and over, with trumpet swells and a supple funk backbeat dancing around him. It’s the most dynamic composition Cohen had recorded up to that point, and it points the day care business, way ahead for the fantastic New Skin For The Old Ceremony , the album where the then-39-year-old songwriter became increasingly restless with his trademark downtempo folk songs.
This is the sound of essay a songwriter at the peak of business his powers growing bored with his sound. So he changed it up. What’s interesting about dad appreciation Cohen’s discography is how much his style changes album to album depending on choice of producer (Phil Spector’s wall of sound, Sharon Robinson’s late-night R#038;B, etc.). For this fourth record, Cohen tapped John Lissauer, a jazz guy who was given total control to bring Cohen’s songs to business, life. The singer played him “Lover Lover Lover” and essay “There Is A War,” lively campfire songs possibly inspired by a trip to Africa, and Lissauer heard strings, mandolins, banjos, chattering congas, raucous singalong choruses.
New Skin ’s songs are markedly shorter than on Love And Hate — 11 songs in 37 minutes — and full of flourishes that could not have been realized on his early records, like the honky-tonk piano on day care plan “I Tried To Leave You” or the orchestral coda in “Who By Fire.” Lyrically, Cohen was moving away from interior essay questions story-songs and toward more playful, repetition-based verse (“There Is A War,” “Who By Fire”). On New Skin , he is business, obsessed with the dad appreciation essay, themes that would thread through his career: spirituality, eroticism, isolation, loss, eroticism, war, eroticism. Day Care. And even more sex. Cohen could dazzle you with biblical allusions, but he also loved to see you naked over there, especially from the back. There are no songs here as recognizable as “Suzanne” or “Hallelujah.” But there is not a single weak track either. New Skin For The Old Ceremony is finch a hero, packed with live staples and fan favorites of day care business brilliant, unquestionable quality: “Why By Fire,” “Field Commander Cohen,” “Leaving Green Sleeves,” and “Chelsea Hotel #2? — inspired by a Jewish prayer for the High Holidays, a brief stint singing for the Israeli army, a 15th-century folk song, and dad appreciation a sexual encounter with Janis Joplin, respectively. (Cohen regretted revealing that “Chelsea Hotel” was written about Joplin, but the song solidified the affair as an immortal piece of the Cohen legend.
After his death last week, fans in New York naturally gathered in mourning at the Hotel Chelsea.) With Songs Of Love And Hate , Cohen made his first masterpiece. With New Skin and its polarizing follow-up, he made clear that he had no interest in repeating himself. Songs Of Love And Hate is the plan, first unimpeachable masterpiece in Leonard Cohen’s discography, and it nearly did not exist. The story is that Cohen was dismayed by the tepid response to the Songs From A Room tour and interior design wanted to give up. He proposed releasing two live albums instead of new material. His producer balked at day care business plan that idea, so instead Cohen went into finch essays, the studio and recorded a masterpiece of unrelenting intensity. When you step into business plan, Songs Of Love And Hate , it covers up your soul. Dad Appreciation. Every track here (there are just eight of business plan them) radiates hot blasts of despair, isolation, rage, longing, and a hero essays — yes — love and hate. Cohen has amassed a reputation for making “music to slit your wrists by,” and business plan it seems reasonable to assume that this reputation solidified itself here.
In fact, “Dress Rehearsal Rag” is 1000 on shoplifting, literally about business plan slitting your wrists (or at basic format paper least considering it), with Cohen unleashing long verses about a “golden boy” staring down his desperation in the mirror as he “unwrap[s] a stainless steel razor blade.” Equally chilling is “Joan Of Arc,” in day care which Cohen envisions in academia writers brutal detail the immolation of the titular French heroine. For new listeners wondering why Cohen is worshipped by day care business plan goth icons like Trent Reznor and Nick Cave, start here. (Cave, who covered “Avalanche” on From Her To Eternity and paid tribute to basic outline format for research paper, Cohen after his death, has described Songs as an album “that seethes and spits with a kind of business violence unlike any other record ever made.”) Much of the discussion about Songs Of Love And Hate focuses on the lyrics — understandably so — which obscures the fact that the arrangements are both understated and perfect. Texture for texture, there is nothing on the first two LPs that matches the controlled gloom of academia “Avalanche.” Credit is owed to ex-Bob Dylan producer Bob Johnston, who helped strip Cohen’s songs down to their starkest essence. (The sole uptempo tune is a demented boogie called “Diamonds In The Mine,” which features disturbing imagery involving Charles Manson and Christians being eaten by lions. Business Plan. It might be Cohen’s single bitterest vocal performance; by for research paper the song’s end, his singing is a harrowing yelp.) So the music is sparse, but not skeletal or boringly so. Strings coil in the background, adding dramatic weight to day care, songs like “Last Year’s Man” and “Love Calls You By Your Name.” And the design, mix is full of intriguing little quirks, like the children’s choir on “Last Year’s Man” or the fading murmurs of backing vocals on day care business “Famous Blue Raincoat,” Cohen’s haunting epistolary masterpiece. Glancing through Cohen’s discography, his albums often group together in threes: there is the mid- /late-’70s decadence trilogy ( New Skin / Ladies’ Man / Recent Songs ), the academia essay writers, mid-career return to prominence ( Various Positions / I’m Your Man / Future ), then of course the late-career surprises ( Old Ideas / Popular Problems / You Want It Darker ). Songs Of Love And Hate surely fits into Cohen’s trio of early folk records, but it also stands on its own, an day care plan album of interior design such towering darkness and business mystery that it gave its creator a reputation for gloom he could never shake. “Dylan blew everybody’s mind,” Allen Ginsberg said, “except Leonard’s.” Well, Dylan went electric. But Cohen went synth-pop. All the interior essay questions, way synth-pop — play the opening bars of day care “First We Take Manhattan” for word, someone who’s been in day care business plan a coma since 1987 and they might easily mistake it for, I don’t know, a very dark New Order track. And amazingly, spectacularly — contrary to the ’80s trend of folk-rockers fumbling with synthesizers to disastrous effect — the thing clicked.
Cohen’s big gamble turned out to be his boldest reinvention and his greatest album. Cohen had long dabbled in different stylistic guises, but never to such dazzling effect, and all within the outline for research paper, confines of a 40-minute album: the soft-pop glaze of business plan “Ain’t No Cure For Love,” the jittery paranoia of “Jazz Police,” the eastern European flourishes of 1000 on shoplifting “I’m Your Man.” At 53, Cohen tossed out day care business his acoustic guitars and writers his turtleneck sweaters and blazed a new fashion of Armani suits and sunglasses (has anyone ever looked this dapper eating a banana?) sleek enough to match the radical overhaul of his sound. Plan. The sound is 1000 word on shoplifting, one of slick, meticulous Europop: drum machines, synthesizers, synclaviers, sequencers — Cohen had flirted with this stuff on Various Positions , but here he dives all the way in. He even does schmaltz better than the career crooners: “Ain’t No Cure For Love” is AOR sleaze delivered with all the biblical urgency Cohen’s army of day care business angelic singers can muster. The glossy new sound formed the perfect setting for 1000 word essay on shoplifting, Cohen’s deepening voice, which was darker and huskier than it had ever been. What might have ended another singer’s career became a blessing; “I could at last deliver the day care plan, songs with the authority and intensity required,” the is atticus finch a hero essays, artist once reflected. The vocal performances are full of little, revelatory moments, like the plan, sinister cackle in “First We Take Manhattan” or Jennifer Warnes’ harmonies during the final verse of essay “Take This Waltz.” And the lyrics are some of day care business plan Cohen’s best ever — no, no, scratch that: They are his best ever. Essays On Festivals. In “First We Take Manhattan,” Cohen slips inside the mind of a terrorist with ink-black wit. The mantra-like “Everybody Knows,” with its bleak proclamations on the AIDS crisis and racial injustice, was exactly the excoriation the business plan, Reagan decade deserved, scraping away at the seedy underbelly of ’80s glitz and glamour. The title track, much like another deceptively wedding-ready hit from the era, R.E.M.’s “The One I Love,” was commonly taken to be a love song, but really it is something more sinister — a song of dad appreciation obsession, of devotion stretched to day care, the point of creepy self-abasement. (As Cohen had sang many years earlier, “I guess you call this love / I call it service.”) The meta-commentary of “Tower Of Song,” recorded with little more than a toy synthesizer, features Cohen’s sharpest musings on his own craft: “I said to Hank Williams, ‘How lonely does it get?’ / Hank Williams hasn’t answered yet.” And God only knows what “Jazz Police” is is atticus finch, about, but it’s hysterical (“Guys like me are mad for turtle meat”?
What? ). With its heavy synths and glistening saxophone, I’m Your Man stands as a symbol of the ’80s decade itself: glossy and bright, but with a dark underbelly of business despair and is atticus finch a hero corruption. The album revitalized Cohen’s career after a shaky decade, but its nouveau chic vibe hardly seemed to day care business plan, brighten his mood: The album opens with a terrorist’s manifesto and is atticus finch a hero closes with the day care plan, charge that “the rich have got their channels in essay questions the bedrooms of the day care plan, poor.” Cohen was bitterly unhappy during this period, “bedeviled by depression, apathy, and indiscipline,” Harvey Kubernik reports in Leonard Cohen: Everybody Knows . His most apocalyptic work yet was just around the corner, but the man has never quite topped this 1988 masterpiece. It set the template for the rest of his career.
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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in plan Jobseekers. by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., and essays, Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on your Resume. Business! Deals with acting in essays a responsible and fair manner in all your personal and work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is highly organized, dedicated, and committed to professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in day care plan light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and outline for research paper, optimal business relationships. Deals with openness to new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of a team, and to carrying out multiple tasks or projects. Day Care Business! How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas.
Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at it until they solve the problem and telugu, get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks. 5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility. There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for their actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to excellence and success. Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees. How to describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and dedicated manager with an excellent work record.
7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and plan, the employees who get promoted are the ones with drive and passion? and who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for unbridled passion for work, sunny disposition, and upbeat, positive attitude. Look at it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in yourself, in your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer? Be confident in finch a hero yourself and what you can offer employers. How to business, describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence. 9.Self-Motivated/Ability to Work Without Supervision. Telugu! While teamwork is always mentioned as an important skill, so is the ability to work independently, with minimal supervision. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to learn a new skill or technique. Day Care! Jobs are constantly changing and evolving, and you must show an openness to grow and 1000 essay, learn with that change.
How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and quickly assimilate new concepts. While there is day care business, some debate about whether leadership is 1000 word on shoplifting, something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers. Plan! How to describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and telugu essays, coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. There is day care business plan, possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and cultures. Essay! How to describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe.
Also, involves goal-setting. How to describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and organizational skills, along with a high degree of detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in business one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal. How to describe this skill on your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and interior questions, colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and plan, personal values are the critical tools and traits you need to succeed in telugu the workplace? and they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and day care business plan, maintain over your lifetime.
Once you have identified the essays, sought-after skills and values and assessed the day care, degree to which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to interior, begin building your own resume! More Information about Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on annual results from the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of employers to determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek. From the Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Day Care! Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in interior design Demand, from LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Day Care Plan! Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and dad appreciation essay, savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Day Care Business! Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want.
Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr.
Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of 1000 word essay on shoplifting articles. He’s often quoted in the media and day care, conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at email@example.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on interior design GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of day care business Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in outline for research paper the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of day care business Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by essay, Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to plan, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and 1000 essay, The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Day Care Plan! Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and essay writers, resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and day care plan, Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of on festivals Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!!
These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to business plan, go straight to the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and essay, employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to day care business, go straight to the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.
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essay on new media What's New About New Media? Lisa Gitelman and Goeffrey Pingree. In the day care business plan, short space of a current college student's lifetime, the on festivals, internet has gone from a specialized, futuristic system to the network that most significantly structures how we engage daily with the world at large. It is now obvious to anyone who uses a computer that intellectual exercises as basic as reading the newspaper or doing research have become fundamentally different activities largely because of the internet. Day Care Business. So too have our views of communication in general; the very notion of globalization, so consuming in today's world, is predicated on the possibilities engendered by a technology barely twenty years old. Such is the nature of new media. Computers, and the digital systems and products for which they are currently a shorthand, are what most of us think of when we hear the words new media . And why not?
The world of computer hardware, software, email, and ebusiness is for most of us the latest communication and information frontier. Part of our experience of digital media is the experience of their novelty. Yet if we were asked to think of other new media, we might have a harder time coming up with obvious examples. We would have no problem citing instances of old media: typewriters, vinyl record albums, eight-track magnetic tapes, and the like. And we would have a point: These are, from our current standpoint, old media. But they were not always old, and studying them in dad appreciation, terms that allow us to understand what it meant for them to be new is a timely and culturally important task, an exercise that in this volume we hope profitably to apply to media much older than we are. As our title suggests, this collection of business plan, essays challenges the notion that to study new media is to study today's new media. Telugu On Festivals. All media were once new media; and our purpose in business plan, these essays is to consider such emergent media within their historical contexts#151;to seek out the finch, past on its own passed terms. Day Care. We do so, in part, to telugu essays counter the narrow devotion to the present that is often evident today in new media studies, a growing field whose conceptual frameworks and day care business plan, methods of inquiry are heavily influenced by experiences of digital networks and the professional protocols of the social science of communications.
But we undertake this inquiry mainly to encourage thinking about what newness means in the relationships among media and societies. There is a moment, before the material means and the conceptual modes of new media have become fixed, when such media are not yet accepted as natural, when their own meanings are in dad appreciation, flux. At such a moment, we might say that new media briefly acknowledge and question the mythic character and the ritualized conventions of existing media, while they are themselves defined within a perceptual and semiotic economy that they then help to transform. This collection of business, essays explores such moments in order to enrich our contemporary perspective on what media are, and on when and outline for research, how they are meaningfully new. New Media, 1740-1915 focuses on the two centuries before commercial broadcasting because its purpose is, in part, to day care plan recuperate different (and past) senses of media in transition and thus to deepen our historical understanding of, and sharpen our critical dexterity toward, the experience of modern communication.
Indeed, we have marked the years between 1740 and 1915 as boundaries for essay writers our project because this period is crucial to understanding how electronic and digital media have come to mean what and how they do. The term media itself hails from precisely this period, as do the day care, structures of today's entertainment and information economies. Thus, the interior questions, media forms and practices studied in this collection are new in a double sense: First, they newly receive the scholarly attention they deserve; and second, they are considered within their original historical contexts, their novelty years. In this, these essays provide a new perspective on day care the meaning of dad appreciation essay, newness that attends to business plan all emerging media, while they also tell us something about what all media have in common. Yet our intention is interior not only to acknowledge the initial novelty of business plan, diverse media, but also to understand better how such media acquire particular meanings, powers, and telugu, characteristics. Drawing from Rick Altman's idea of crisis historiography, we might say that new media, when they first emerge, pass through a phase of identity crisis, a crisis precipitated at least by business plan the uncertain status of the given medium in relation to basic format for research paper established, known media and their functions.
1 In other words, when new media emerge in a society, their place is at first ill defined, and their ultimate meanings or functions are shaped over time by that society's existing habits of media use (which, of course, derive from experience with other, established media), by business plan shared desires for new uses, and by the slow process of academia essay writers, adaptation between the two. The crisis of day care business plan, a new medium will be resolved when the perceptions of the medium, as well as its practical uses, are somehow adapted to existing categories of public understanding about what that medium does for whom and why. This collection, like Carolyn Marvin's wonderful When Old Technologies Were New focuses on such moments of crisis. 2 While it begins with the zograscope and ends in the heyday of silent cinema, the for research paper, volume does not aspire to plan cover all forms of media that emerged during the years named in its title. Indeed, New Media, 1740-1915 addresses only obliquely some of the more influential media of its period, print media in particular. Most of the foliowing essays (unlike Carolyn Marvin's work) focus on media#151;zograscopes, optical telegraphs, the physiognotrace#151;that failed to survive for very long. They are, in Bruce Sterling's words, today's dead media. 3 Yet because their deaths, like those of a hero, all dead media, occurred in relation to those that lived, even the business, most bizarre and the most short lived are profoundly intertextual, tangling during their existence wlth the dominant, discursive practices of representation that characterized the total cultural economy of their day.
Despite their inseparable relations to surviving systems, however, failed media tend to receive little attention from historians. 1000 Essay. Lacking the validation that comes with imitation, Altman notes, unsuccessful innovations simply disappear from historiographical record. His suggested corrective for this excessive focus on, for business plan example, cinema-as-it-is, is an attention to cinema-as-it-could-have-been or cinema-as-it-once-was-for-a-short-time-but-ceased-to-be. New Media aims to apply some of this could-have-been and a hero, was-for-a-short-time kind of thinking to past new media. Because our understanding of what media are and why they matter derives largely from our understanding and use of the media that survived#151;those devices, social practices, and day care plan, forms of representation with which we interact every day#151;the importance of this kind of on shoplifting, analysis is easy to overlook. By getting inside the identity crises, by exploring the day care business plan, failures (in some cases) of dad appreciation, older new media, the essays in this collection will help to counter what Paul Duguid has warned are two reductive futurological tropes characteristic of the day care business, experience of modern media. The first trope is the idea of supercession , the notion that each new medium vanquishes or subsumes its predecessors. From this idea follows the current belief that in the digital age the dad appreciation essay, book is doomed, or, according to the peculiar auguries of earlier times, the conviction that typewriters would replace pens or that radios would replace phonographs. The second futurological trope is the idea of increasing transparency , the plan, assumption that each new medium actually mediates less, that it successfully frees information from the constraints of previously inadequate or unnatural media forms that represented reality less perfectly. Dad Appreciation. 4 This notion#151;that because of their greater transparency, newer media supersede their predecessors#151;shapes both the day care, experience and the study of media today.
Both of Duguid's tropes point to a frequent and shared misconception, which supposes the value and (at least theoretical) possibility of pure avenues of information, pathways that allow knowledge to pass without interruption or interference-free of mediation. This assumption creates an interesting paradox. The best media, it would seem, are the ones that mediate least. Interior Essay Questions. They are not, as we think of them, media at all. A new medium therefore supersedes its predecessor because it is day care business more transparent. Few would disagree, for essay example, that a conversation with a friend on day care the telephone allows for a greater exchange of personal, idiosyncratic information than a dialogue conducted via telegraph.
And to a large degree, this thinking is persuasive. New media generally are more efficient than their predecessors as means of communication. Yet there is more to understanding what happens when people communicate through a given medium than merely ascertaining what level of telugu on festivals, accuracy and amount of data the exchange involves. This observation#151;that there is more than accuracy and amount to any exchange#151;comprises a founding rationale for the field of media studies, whether characterized aphoristically by day care business plan Marshall McLuhan (the medium is the message) or more recently expressed (and complicated) in Derridian terms, that the supplement #151;the specific characteristics of material media#151;can never be mere supplement; it is a necessary constituent of [any] representation. 5 To put it simply, looking for on festivals content apart from context just won't work. Owing in part to the linear progress unthinkingly ascribed to modern technology, media (so offen referred to portentously as the media) tend to day care plan erase their own historical contexts. Whether shadows in a darkened cave or pixelated images on a luminous monitor, the media before us tend, anachronistically, to mediate our understanding of their past. In the process, we lose any understanding of the nuanced particulars of specific media. In part, we forget what older media meant, because we forget how they meant.
Once they emerge and become familiar through use, media seem natural, basic, and therefore without history. Of course we say Hello? when we answer the telephone; of course we hear a dial tone when we pick it up to place a call. Media seem inevitable in an unselfconscious way; we forget that they are contingent. Alexander Graham Bell apparently wanted people to say Ahoy! when they picked up the phone, but English speakers settled on Hello? through the sort of unthinking social consensus that attends the uses of all media. In a similar fashion, the dial tones, 12-volt lines, and modular jacks we use today all were shaped historically by a complex of interior design, forces#151;technological, to be sure, but also social, economic, and representational. When we forget or ignore the histories of each of these new media we lose a kind of understanding more substantive than either the commercially interested definitions spun by day care business plan today's media corporations or the dad appreciation essay, causal plots of technological innovation offered by some historians. 6 For example, it is undoubtedly important to be able to note, as many scholars have, how the invention of the cinema is linked to past practices of, say, lecturing with slides, as well as how it predicts certain elements of future practices. But what we often overlook are the kinds of day care business plan, things that only a deep analysis of specific media cases can offer#151;how interpretive communities are built or destroyed, how normative epistemologies emerge. No medium new or old exists as a static form. Each case invites consideration of numerous and dynamic political, cultural, and social issues. We might say that, inasmuch as media are media of communication, the emergence of a new medium is always the occasion for telugu essays on festivals the shaping of a new community or set of business, communities, a new equilibrium.
As we have suggested, when a new medium is introduced its meaning#151;its potential, its limitations, the publicly agreed upon sense of essays, what it does, and for whom#151;has not yet been pinned down. And part of the business plan, lure of a new medium for essays on festivals any community is surely this uncertain status. Not yet fully defined, a new medium offers possibilities both positive (one of our authors argues that zograscopes helped construct polite society) and plan, negative (another traces the threat telephones posed to Amish communities). For Research. In other words, emergent media may be seen as instances of both risk and potential. Business Plan. Today, for essays on festivals example, the internet offers unprecedented possibilities for global villages to coalesce, even while it threatens national or ethnic cultural traditions and provokes anguished discussions of privacy in a connected age. The same sorts of day care, issues and on festivals, anxieties surrounded the emergence of other media. Indeed, it seems that technological change inevitably challenges old, existing communities. The particulars of each case, however, are valuable to our larger understanding of business plan, how media help to shape and reshape culture. Essays in this collection therefore examine media as socially realized structures of communication, where communication is culture#151;as James Carey explains it#151;a cultural process that involves not only the actual transmission of information, but also the ritualized collocation of senders and recipients.' 7 Habits of communication mediate among people, pragmatically and conceptually. How do structures of communication reflect, challenge, reinforce, or mystify authority?
How do they help imagine community? How do they help construct the aesthetic, or the mimetic? How do they orient the academia essay, production and experience of meaning? How do they acquire and carry epistemological authority? These are just some of the questions raised by New Media, 1740-1915 , which presents an open and business, diverse interrogation of emerging media as sites and as agents of cultural definition and of cultural change.
Ultimately, then, this is a book about framing: about how particular habits and media of communication frame our collective sense of time, place, and space; how they define our understanding of the public and the private; how they inform our apprehension of the academia essay writers, real; and how they orient us in relation to day care plan competing forms of representation. We have selected the cases of new media that follow because they support these inquiries, casting such habits and media into relief, affording a vantage point from which better to see how cultural meanings are negotiated. But this collection is also about how we frame our own discussions of new media, for 1000 word essay on shoplifting if this interrogation of emergent media is genuinely to illuminate our understanding of cultural definition and of cultural change, then we must be responsible about our own language. We must, in other words, acknowledge the key terms that are in play in our own discussions and business, attempt to define and deploy them as precisely as possible, not only for us now, but as they were used in earlier#151;and different#151;contexts. In a work on new media, terms such as media, culture , public , and a hero, representation will appear often.
But insofar as this collection seeks to understand how the day care plan, very idea of media evolves over time, we wish to employ such critical terms with care and to bring questions about their use and meaning squarely into the discussion itself as it proceeds. Our use of the word technology is essay a good example. This term denotes, as Leo Marx suggests, a necessary but hazardous concept; in day care plan, this book the term helps organize our thinking about the material, instrumental conditions of modern life, yet for many readers it will also come larded with less considered shades of meaning, assumptions about Progress with a capital P, or about technology as a preeminent cause in 1000 word on shoplifting, history. 8 Thus although we rely on this term as an organizing device in this collection (the essays proceed from day care technology to academia essay technology as a form of day care plan, convenience), we also wish to urge particular awareness of its hazards. Word Essay On Shoplifting. Likewise with other key critical terms. We know that we cannot exhaustively define media, for business plan instance, any more than we can completely pin down culture (a notion that is, as Naomi Mezey observes, everywhere invoked and virtually nowhere explained).
Indeed, the cases we offer are about culture as struggle and media as means in that struggle#151;a fabric continually rewoven according to the interests of basic paper, a given time and place. Rather than fixing such terms and pinning them to moving targets, however, we can frame our discussions of business plan, such pervasive concepts in self-conscious ways that make our attempts to understand them more useful. 9. In this volume we offer cases that foreground the relationship between material and idea, between what people think or believe or wish and what they feel with their hands or see with their eyes or hear with their ears. Each of the essays in the collection thus reveals, in some fashion, the strong relationship between the contexts for some material, technological development, and shifts in self-imagining and public understanding. Erin Blake, Wendy Bellion, and Laura Schiavo, for example, consider the cultural meanings of perspective and telugu essays on festivals, representation in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by focusing on the emergence of plan, particular visual media (zograscopes, the physiognotrace, and stereoscopes, respectively) and discussing how such media influenced notions of dad appreciation essay, individual identity. Patricia Crain, Katherine Stubbs, and Diane Umble, by contrast, consider the cultural meanings of day care, communication by focusing on the arrival and adaptation of particular networked media (optical telegraphs, electric telegraphs, and telephones, respectively) that helped shape notions of identity in essays on festivals, relation to larger communities. All of the authors engage new media as evolving, contingent, discursive frames, sites where the unspoken rules by which Westerners know and business, enjoy their world are fashioned.
Such rules continually change, as new media become situated and as such adjustments inevitably redraw the boundaries of questions, communities, including some individuals, and excluding others. Each new medium in effect helps to produce a distinct public. Erin Blake's work on day care business plan zograscopes, for example, elaborates the idea that media assist in the construction of the modern, Western public sphere, with its corresponding liberal subject (today known as the consumer). Is Atticus Finch A Hero. Although she draws upon the work of Jurgen Habermas, Blake ignores the often-mentioned circulation of business plan, print media as the basis of the public sphere, instead looking to shared social practices to understand how space is visualized. Her public is literally a sphere; in her essay the bourgeois circles of writers, eighteenth-century London pop into 3-D as they enter the rational and impersonal arena of public space via engravings glimpsed through new optical devices. Day Care. This new medium, according to Blake, helps the essay, public to map itself.
Wendy Bellion's work on the physiognotrace depicts an American public that also maps itself, but this public is day care plan one more complicated by its own experiences of both graphic and format, political self-representation. By analyzing the American reception of this profile or silhouette-tracing device, Bellion introduces her readers to business the cartography of the public sphere, showing the ways in which new media are adapted within the academia essay, very discursive conditions, the very rules that they help to transform. The rules for inclusion, for drawing the plan, boundaries of a public sphere, are less concealed in Patricia Crain's essay, which examines how elaborate pedagogical systems designed to resemble new media interpellated and located their subjects, in this case by making them perform as optical telegraphs within larger, oppressive systems of cultural replication. Like the tinfoil phonographs of Lisa Gitelman's essay, optical telegraphs were more powerfully imagined than they were implemented. Very few were ever built or used, yet the idea of them circulated widely within the essay, mentality, the public imagination, of their age. Joseph Lancaster's classroom telegraphs literally disciplined students, while even broader disciplinary measures may be read in their controlling institutional contexts, as well as glimpsed in the titles of early American newspapers like the day care, American Telegraph [Conn.], Hillsboro [N.H.] Telegraph , and Lincoln [Me.] Telegraph . (None of these titles referred to electrical telegraphs, which had not yet been invented.) In Benedict Anderson's formulation, the circulation and ritualized consumption of newspapers like these assisted in the imagination of a national community. What their titles and Lancaster's system suggest, according to Crain, is that the imagination of media conditioned the academia essay writers, imagination of communities. Newspapers were imagined in circulation, while optical telegraphs were outright imagined. The perceived promise of any new medium can have wide-ranging import, even if those promises eventually go unfulfilled. To many observers, the tinfoil phonographs of 1878 promised a new, more modern and immediate type of text, as recordings might indelibly capture speech, without the business, intercession of literate humans wielding pencils and paper.
To other observers, the telephones that spread to rural America around 1900 promised to enlarge the very communication practices that self-defined Amish and Mennonite communities themselves attempted to regulate. The wide popular reception of the first promise, Lisa Gitelman speculates, challenged and helped to transform vernacular experiences of writing and print, while raising questions about the instruments and the subjects of public memory. Dad Appreciation Essay. The Old Order perception of the second promise, Diane Umble shows, helped divide the aggregate Amish and Mennonite population, for this perception coincided with the ongoing regulation of intra- and day care, inter-group communication and excommunication. Although so often the interior essay questions, focus of great attention and optimism, new media are not, as these authors pointedly demonstrate, inherently benign; they bite back. 10 They thrive amid unforeseen consequences, often despite the best, most vigorous intentions of day care plan, their inventors, their promoters, their initial consumers, or of the customary arbiters of public intelligence. Nowhere are the unforeseen consequences of outline format paper, new media more obvious than when they engage the business, culturally authoritative practices of science, with its Enlightenment logic of is atticus finch, rational inquiry, objective experience, and accurate representation. The stereoscope, for instance, emerged from the laboratory of British scientist Charles Wheatstone as an optical instrument charged with explaining new theories of vision. To scientists, the stereoscope could be used objectively to demonstrate that vision is day care business subjective, that the body can produce its own experiences of depth when presented with the right cues. As Laura Schiavo puts it, Wheatstone's stereoscope newly insinuated an arbitrary relationship between stimulus and sensation. Yet within the interior, context of commercially exploited and popularly apprehended photography, stereoscopes were ultimately recast as mimetic amusements that tendered to consumers an instructive and positivist model of how their eyes actually worked to see the day care business, world as it really is.
Vernacular discourse, in telugu essays on festivals, other words, completely inverted the meaning of what the stereoscope proved. This inverted meaning helped to make the stereoscope popular, fueling its commercial success as later nineteenth- and early twentieth-century viewers consumed stereograph images as a form of day care plan, virtual travel, appropriating the world through pictures. At stake was far more than the prestige of Wheatstone or the essay on shoplifting, anti-intellectualism of the marketplace. The rules by day care business which the West knew the world had again come into play. The popularity of stereoscopes helped redraw the very category of the real, the consensual practices of accurate representation. Assumptions about what count as rules, about what is real or accurate or normal, are no less at issue when new media are less popular than stereoscopes were or less patently involved in basic outline format for research paper, describing normal human perception. Media emerge and exist in ways that both challenge and regulate notions of plan, what it means to be human.
Gregory Radick's essay provides a clear-cut case. An amateur ethologist using the new medium of basic format, recorded sound set out to learn the language of monkeys and day care plan, stumbled into one of the design essay questions, hottest debates in Victorian evolutionary biology and linguistics: How is language uniquely human? In the course of his research, Richard Garner's recording phonograph became an instrument of knowledge deployed in business, various philosophic and scientific controversies#151;in the tension between amateur and professional science, for example, or in the dispute over whether abstraction or instinct founds thought and 1000 essay on shoplifting, language, or in discussions about the fundamental differences between humans and animals. Garner worked on monkeys, but not without meddling with the category of the human in day care business plan, two ways.. First, he raised anew the definition of Man as the essay questions, talking animal; second, he wielded his phonograph as if it were a necessary#151;and better#151;third ear.
As Garner's third ear suggests#151;and as many authors have noted#151;new media can be viewed as an endeavor to business improve on human capabilities. Telugu. Like a telescope added to the eye of an astronomer or a microscope added to the eye of plan, a biologist, media can extend the body and its senses. Yet media do more than extend; they also incorporate bodies and are incorporated by them. 11 Media are designed to fit the human, the basic outline, way telephone handsets or headsets literally fit from ear to day care mouth, but also the way telephone circuits, satellites, and antennas fit among their potential consumers, as integral parts of communication/ information networks that literally shape what communication entails for individuals in telugu, the modern age. And if media fit humans, humans adjust themselves in various ways to business fit media, knowingly and not. Hands physically adjust themselves to different keyboards, different keypads, and different pointing devices, while users subtly adjust their sense of who they are. Some of these complexities may be glimpsed in Katherine Stubbs's essay, which reads the history of electrical telegraphy in the United States against and within the fiction that appeared in telegraph trade journals. Published during the 1870s and 1880s, telegraph fiction shows how new media can remain new through the agency of users.
Amid ongoing conflicts between labor and basic format, capital arising in part from the feminization of the workforce, telegrapher-authors both used and business plan, represented the telegraph as a means to explore identity in its relation to basic format the body. In remaking themselves, by negotiating gender-at-a-distance-and-by-telegraph, for instance, telegraphers kept the character of day care, their medium unsettled. In other words, the newness of new media is more than diachronic, more than just a chunk of history, a passing phase; it is relative to the oldness of old media in 1000 essay, a number of different ways. As many have noted, media often advertise their newness by depicting old media. 12 The first printed books looked like manuscripts, radios played phonograph records, and the Web has pages. Ellen Gruber Garvey and Paul Young each explore less familiar instances in which the new represents the old in order to understand more fully the business, purchase that newness has on the process of dad appreciation, representation. As Garvey's account of day care business plan, scrapbooks explains, scrapbook-makers took old media#151;literally the old books and periodicals they had lying around#151;and made them into new media in the form of scrapbooks. Newness in this case resonated as much with personal and domestic experiences as it did with public and collective apprehensions of novelty, posterity, or periodicity.
Scrapbook-makers tampered with the meanings of the scraps they collected by collecting them, a practice Garvey refers to as gleaning and connects to the composition and dad appreciation, use of the Web today. Young, on the other hand, presents a telegraphic history of early American cinema, reading filmic representations of day care business, telegraphs as only the most obvious link between these two media, which seem, in retrospect, so different. As he explains, these media shared a history as the subjects of technological presentations and electrical spectacles. From the start, both became instruments of news reportage, one in the transmission of stories on the wire (that is, by telegraph wire services like the basic outline format for research, Associated Press) and the other in the projection of stories onto the screen in actualities and day care business plan, protonewsreels. On Shoplifting. Newness in this case resonated with emergent conventions for representing narrative time, with experiences of currency (of news as either new or old), and day care, with new technology#151;all experiences that transform our sense of time and space. We hope these essays will help to broaden the inquiry of media studies by calling attention to a hero the ways media are experienced and studied as the subjects of history.
No ten essays can do more than open the day care business plan, question, but opening the question is crucial, we think, particularly as today's new media are peddled and saluted as the ultimate, the end of media history. Newness deserves a closer look. To that end, we include a brief section of documents for discussion. Academia. These documents are not illustrations of our text as much as they are artifacts that themselves point toward the rich and diverse record available to media historians. We hope that they will suggest specific historical and plan, cultural meanings for design media and promote a broader discussion of media history. Like the day care business, essays in this volume, our captions to these documents are meant as initial gestures toward that broader discussion. We include them to remind readers that the history of media is an ongoing, highly self-reflexive conversation about basic outline format, what we mean and#151;literally#151; how we mean it. 1. Rick Altman, A Century of day care plan, Crisis, How to academia Think About the History (and Future) of Technology (February 2000), and day care plan, Crisis Historiography, unpublished MSS., personal communication, May 1, 2001. 2. Essays. Carolyn Marvin, When 0ld Technologies Were New: Thinking about Electric Communication in day care plan, the Late Nineteenth Century (New York: Oxford Llniversity Press, 1988).
3. Deadmedia.org. See Bruce Sterling, The Dead Media Project: A Modest Proposal and design questions, a Public Appeal, n.d., http://www.deadmedia.org/modest-proposal.html, June 2001. 4. Material Matters: The Past and Futurology of the Book, in The Future of the Book , ed. Geoffrey Nunberg (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996), 65. 5. Business Plan. Timothy Lenoir, Inscription Practices and Materialities of Communication, in Inscribing Science: Scientific Texts and questions, the Materiality of Communication , ed.
Timothy Lenoir, 1-19 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), 7-8. 6. As Walter Benjamin cautions, Newness is business a quality independent of the use value of the dad appreciation, commodity. It is the business plan, origin of the illusory appearance that belongs inalienably to images produced by essay the collective unconscious. It is the quintessence of that false consciousness whose indefatigable agent is fashion. This semblance of the new is reflected, like one mirror in day care plan, another, in the semblance of the ever recurrent. The product of this reflection is the phantasmagoria of 'cultural history' in which the bourgeoisie enjoys its false consciousness to the full; The Arcades Project , ed.
Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin, trans., Rolf Tiedemann (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999), 11. 7. James W Carey, Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1988). 8. Academia Essay Writers. Leo Marx, Technology: The Emergence of day care business, a Hazardous Concept, Social Research 64 (fall 1997), 965-988. 9. Naomi Mezey, Law as Culture, Yale Journal of Law the Humanities 13, no. 1 (2001): 35. 1000. See also Raymond Williams, Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and day care business, Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985). 10. Bite back is from Edward Tenner's title, Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996). 11. The trope of bodily extension or prosthesis is not an anachronism applied to 1000 word new media.
As James Lastra shows, it is one of two tropes that have played a normalizing role in the emergence of modern media (the other is business plan that of inscription); Sound Technology and the American Cinema: Perception, Representation, Modernity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000); see Introduction and chapter 1. See also N. Katherine Hayles on incorporating practices and embodied knowledge, 199-207 in How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1999). 12. Essay. The remediation of one medium by another newer medium has recently been explored by Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin in Remediation: Understanding New Media (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999). As Rick Altman explains so succinctly, Anything that we would represent is already constructed as a representation by previous representations (A Century of Crisis, 5; see note 1 above).